On This Day

December 1880 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 8 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • Dec 16 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • Dec 16 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • Dec 20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • Dec 20 NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 3 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in C├╝strin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Dec 4 Garfield Wood, American inventor, motorboat builder and racer (world water speed record x 5; first to travel over 100 mph on water), born in Mapleton, Iowa (d. 1971)
  • Dec 24 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann, born in Arcola, Illinois (d. 1939)
  • Dec 28 Christian DFL Leipoldt, South african physician/writer/poet

George Marshall

Dec 31 George Marshall, US Secretary of State (1947-49) who authored the Marshall Plan (Nobel 1953), born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)


Deaths in History

  • Dec 11 Oliver Winchester, American politician and rifle maker (Winchester Repeating Arms Company), dies at 70
  • Dec 12 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • Dec 15 Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Justice, dies at 76

George Eliot

Dec 22 George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], English novelist (Adam Bede, Middlemarch), dies on her 61st birthday

  • Dec 25 Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor, dies at 52
  • Dec 31 Arnold Ruge, German political philosopher and writer, dies at 78