On This Day

June 1881 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • Jun 2 Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
  • Jun 12 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
  • Jun 13 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
  • Jun 16 Austria-Hungary and Serbia sign military treaty
  • Jun 19 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
  • Jun 24 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • Jun 30 Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 1 Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 3 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • Jun 4 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Nagaevo, Tula Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1962)
  • Jun 18 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • Jun 26 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, born in Slutsk, Belarus (d. 1960)

Deaths in History

  • Jun 2 Émile Littré, French lexicographer (b. 1801)
  • Jun 3 Japanese giant salamander, dies in Dutch zoo at 55; oldest amphibian
  • Jun 13 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, dies at 75
  • Jun 16 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, dies at 79
  • Jun 16 Sir Josiah Mason, English manufacturer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 28 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (Prime Minister of France 1871-73), dies at 82