On This Day

March 1881 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 4 California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • Mar 4 Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

Mar 4 James A. Garfield inaugurated as the 20th President of the United States of America

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Mar 4 South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • Mar 7 Southern University opens in New Orleans

MurderAssassination

Mar 13 Alexander II of Russia is assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' who throw a bomb at him in the city of St. Petersburg

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Barnum & Bailey Circus, traveling as "The Greatest Show on Earth", debuts at Madison Square Garden in New York City following the merger of two existing circus groups [1]

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey
  • Mar 23 Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • Mar 26 Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again
  • Mar 27 Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire in England, to protest against the Salvation Army's daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance
  • Mar 28 "Greatest Show On Earth" formed by P. T. Barnum and James Anthony Bailey

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • Mar 4 Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (Pulitzer Prize 1933), born in Clifton, Tennessee (d. 1965)
  • Mar 4 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • Mar 9 Ernest Bevin, British Minister of Labour (1940-45) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1945-51), born in Winsford, Sommerset (d. 1951)
  • Mar 10 Thomas Quinlan (impresario) (d. 1951)
  • Mar 12 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • Mar 12 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • Mar 13 Balthazar Huibrecht Verhagen, Dutch dramatist and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1950)
  • Mar 17 Kristian Elster, Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • Mar 17 Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • Mar 20 Eugène Schueller, French chemist, founder of L'Oréal, born in Paris, France (d. 1957)
  • Mar 23 Hermann Staudinger, German chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • Mar 23 Roger Martin du Guard, French novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
  • Mar 25 Louis Dosfel, Flemish lawyer and writer (Assault!)
  • Mar 25 Mary Webb, English writer (Gone to Earth) born in Leighton, England (d. 1927)
  • Mar 26 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, born in Florence (d. 1953)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 6 Horatia Nelson, the illegitimate daughter of Emma Hamilton and Horatio Nelson (b. 1801)

MurderAlexander II

Mar 13 Alexander II, Tsar of Russia (1855-81), assassinated by members of far-left terror group 'People's Will' at 62

Tsar of Russia Alexander II
Tsar of Russia
Alexander II
  • Mar 15 Emory Upton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), commits suicide at 41
  • Mar 21 Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • Mar 24 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republican politician, dies at 69
  • Mar 24 Joseph Delesse, French geologist (b. 1817)
  • Mar 26 Roman Sanguszko, Polish aristocrat and general, dies at 80