May 1881 in History

Events in History

  • May 5 Anti-Jewish rioting in Kyiv, Ukraine

Stanley's 1st Congo Contract

May 8 Henry Morton Stanley signs the first of many contracts with the Congolian monarch

  • May 10 Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
  • May 12 Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
  • May 16 World's 1st electric tram enters service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)

Recorder of Deeds Frederick Douglass

May 17 Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for the District of Columbia

  • May 17 Revised version of New Testament

Event of Interest

May 21 American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton

  • May 24 Overloaded Canadian river ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks near London, Ontario, 180 die
  • May 24 Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), born in Orcines, Auvergne, France (d. 1955)
  • May 11 Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian physicist (d. 1963)
  • May 14 G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)

Mustafa Kemal AtatürkMustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938)

May 19 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire

  • May 20 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), born in Tuszów Narodowy, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • May 23 Artur de Sacadura Freire Cabral, Portuguese aviator (1st flight across the south Atlantic), born in Celorico da Beira, Portugal (d. 1924)
  • May 27 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), born in Crossen/Oder, Province of Brandenburg, Prussia (now in Poland) (d. 1969)
  • May 30 Georg von Küchler, German field marshal and WWII war criminal, born in Schloss Philippsruh, German Empire (d. 1968)

Weddings in History

Ivan Pavlov

May 1 Physiologist Ivan Pavlov (32) weds Seraphima Karchevskaya

Deaths in History

  • May 1 John S. Preston, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 72
  • May 3 Josip Jurčič, Slovene writer (Schone Vida), dies of tuberculosis at 37
  • May 11 Henri-Frédéric Amiel, Swiss writer (Journal Intime), dies at 59
  • May 24 Samuel Palmer, British landscape painter and etcher (Valley of Vision), dies at 76
  • May 26 Jakob Bernays, German philologist (b. 1824)