On This Day

March 1882 in History

Events in History


MurderAssassination Attempt

Mar 2 Queen Victoria narrowly escapes assassination when Roderick Maclean shoots at her while boarding a train in Windsor

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • Mar 3 NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
  • Mar 4 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.
  • Mar 6 Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself king
  • Mar 11 Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton, New Jersey

DiscoveryVoyage of Discovery

Mar 11 Fridtjof Nansen sets out on a sea voyage to study Arctic zoology

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen

Treaty of InterestFirst Geneva Convention

Mar 16 U.S. Senate ratifies the Geneva Convention of 1864, legitimatizing the International Red Cross and the American Red Cross

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Major European powers sign the first-ever Geneva Convention
Major European powers sign the first-ever Geneva Convention
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  • Mar 18 Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 1st stone laid for the Sagrada Familia basilica in Barcelona, designed by Antoni Gaudí

Architect Antoni Gaudi
Architect
Antoni Gaudi
  • Mar 23 The Edmunds Act (Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Act) is adopted by the US to suppress polygamy. 1300 men are later imprisoned under the act

InventionScientific Discovery

Mar 24 German scientist Robert Koch discovers and describes the tubercle bacillus which causes tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis), and establishes germ theory

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • Mar 25 1st demonstration of pancake making, held at a department store in NYC
  • Mar 29 Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 3 Floris H L Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp
  • Mar 3 Charles Ponzi [Carlo], Italian con-man (Ponzi scheme in the US), born in Lugo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Mar 4 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • Mar 6 F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • Mar 6 Geoffrey Mander, English industrialist (Mander Brothers Ltd.), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1962)
  • Mar 14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)
  • Mar 19 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • Mar 20 René Coty, Le Harve France, president of France (1953-58)
  • Mar 23 C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
  • Mar 23 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist, member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Grenchen, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • Mar 30 Melanie Klein, Austrian-British author and child psychoanalyst (object relations theory), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1960)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 24 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75