On This Day

January 1883 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • Jan 10 Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P. T. Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • Jan 13 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430

Historic Event

Jan 13 Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo

  • Jan 16 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system

Historic Event

Jan 19 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey

  • Jan 30 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • Jan 1 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1959)
  • Jan 4 Johanna Westerdijk, botanist/Neth 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • Jan 4 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist and editor of The Masses (d. 1969)
  • Jan 6 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese mystic & poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings), born in Bsharri, Lebanon (d. 1931)
  • Jan 7 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WWII)
  • Jan 8 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • Jan 8 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), born in Pugachyov, Russia (d. 1945)
  • Jan 20 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • Jan 21 Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet
  • Jan 21 Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
  • Jan 26 Bindo Maserati, Italian auto engineer and businessman (manager Maserati Racing; founder O.S.C.A. Racing), born in Voghera, Italy (d. 1980)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • Jan 5 Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • Jan 10 Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
  • Jan 10 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • Jan 23 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)