On This Day

March 1883 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • Mar 16 Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman graduate of a pharmacy college
  • Mar 19 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • Mar 20 Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • Mar 24 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • Mar 31 Utrecht begins water pipe system

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 3 Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 5 Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (d. 1969)
  • Mar 9 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Mar 12 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • Mar 16 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • Mar 17 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • Mar 19 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • Mar 19 Sir Walter Norman Haworth, British chemist (Nobel Prize, 1937) born at Chorley, Lancashire, England (d. 1950)
  • Mar 23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • Mar 24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • Mar 27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, born in Tallinn, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • Mar 29 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, American chemist (Micromanometric analysis), born in Pike, New York (d. 1971)
  • Mar 30 Jo Davidson, American sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman), born in New York City (d. 1952)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 9 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, dies at 30

Karl Marx

Mar 14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

  • Mar 15 Henry C. Wayne, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67