On This Day

May 1883 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • May 4 John Gordon Cashmans publishes 1st edition "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi)
  • May 10 First appendectomy performed in North America by Abraham Groves in Canada
  • May 15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 17 Buffalo Bill's 1st Wild West show opens in Omaha, Nebraska.
  • May 19 William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody opened Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in Omaha, Nebraska

Notable FireworksBrooklyn Bridge Opens

May 24 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur and NY Governor Cleveland

Learn More
Lithograph depicting fireworks on the opening night of the Brooklyn Bridge
Lithograph depicting fireworks on the opening night of the Brooklyn Bridge
Learn More
  • May 27 Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • May 30 Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12
  • May 31 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar

Birthdays in History

  • May 5 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, born in Colchester, Essex, England (d. 1950)
  • May 6 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1955)
  • May 7 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Jesus Christ's Church) and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime, born in Halle (Saale), Germany (d. 1956)
  • May 13 Henk JFM Sneevliet, leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies)
  • May 13 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
  • May 14 Jan Olieslagers, Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • May 14 Julian Eltinge, American vaudeville star, female impersonator, born in Newtownville, Massachusetts (d. d. 1941)
  • May 18 Walter Gropius, architect (Bauhaus school of design), born in Berlin, Germany
  • May 19 Henricus WJM Keuls, Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • May 20 Paul Arntzenius, Dutch painter, graphic artist and etcher, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • May 25 Elsa Maxwell, American writer (Jack Paar Show), born in Keokuk, Iowa (d. 1963)
  • May 28 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian independence activist and writer (The Indian War of Independence), born in Bhagur, India ((d. 1966)
  • May 28 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, born in Gayton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1978)
  • May 31 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (1925-31), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 1942)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

May 7 US Senator Albert B. Fall (21) weds Emma Garland Morgan in Clarksville, Texas

US Senator Albert B. Fall
US Senator
Albert B. Fall

Deaths in History

  • May 17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies
  • May 20 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), dies at 83
  • May 23 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), dies at 61
  • May 24 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • May 26 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • May 26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • May 29 Albrecht of Prussia, mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • May 29 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, dies at 73