On This Day

May 1883 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • May 4 John Gordon Cashmans publishes 1st edition "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi)
  • May 10 First appendectomy performed in North America by Abraham Groves in Canada
  • May 15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 19 William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody opened Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in Omaha, Nebraska
  • May 27 Alexander III crowned Tsar of Russia in Moscow
  • May 30 Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12
  • May 31 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar

Birthdays in History

  • May 5 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, born in Colchester, Essex, England (d. 1950)
  • May 6 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1955)
  • May 7 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Jesus Christ's Church) and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime, born in Halle (Saale), Germany (d. 1956)
  • May 13 Henk JFM Sneevliet, leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies)
  • May 13 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
  • May 14 Jan Olieslagers, Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • May 18 Walter Gropius, German architect (founder of the Bauhaus school), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1969)
  • May 19 Henricus WJM Keuls, Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • May 20 Paul Arntzenius, Dutch painter, graphic artist and etcher, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • May 20 Faisal I of Iraq, King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920–1933) & King of Iraq (1921–1933), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 1933)
  • May 25 Elsa Maxwell, American writer (Jack Paar Show), born in Keokuk, Iowa (d. 1963)
  • May 28 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian independence activist and writer (The Indian War of Independence), born in Bhagur, India (d. 1966)
  • May 28 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, born in Gayton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1978)
  • May 31 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (1925-31), born in Kurkijoki, Finland (d. 1942)

Weddings in History

Albert B. Fall

May 7 US Senator Albert B. Fall (21) weds Emma Garland Morgan in Clarksville, Texas

Deaths in History

  • May 17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies
  • May 20 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), dies at 83
  • May 23 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), dies at 61
  • May 24 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • May 26 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • May 26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • May 29 Albrecht of Prussia, mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • May 29 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, dies at 73