October 1883 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 4 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.

The Orient Express

Oct 4 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul

  • Oct 11 US and Canadian railroads agree to use of five time-zone system for North America, based on the Allegheny Observatory in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 15 US Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • Oct 20 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • Oct 20 Treaty of Ancon; Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • Oct 22 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • Oct 30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), born in Freiburg, Baden, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Oct 22 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), born in Simferopol, Russian Empire (d. 1927)
  • Oct 26 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), born in Pound, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Oct 31 Marie Laurencin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1956)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 88
  • Oct 5 Joachim Barrande, French paleontologist and geologist (fossils in Bohemia, opposed Darwin's Theory of Evolution), dies at 84
  • Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • Oct 31 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj