On This Day

October 1884 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 6 Naval War College forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • Oct 13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude

Historic Invention

Oct 14 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

  • Oct 22 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • Oct 22 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • Oct 27 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 5 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Oct 8 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Oct 9 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • Oct 10 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer and writer (Bint), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)

Eleanor Roosevelt

Oct 11 Eleanor Roosevelt, American 1st lady (1933-1945) human rights advocate (UN), born in NYC, New York (d. 1962)

  • Oct 11 Friedrich Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel 1931), born in Breslau (Wrocław), Germany (d. 1949)
  • Oct 15 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • Oct 16 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • Oct 21 (Don Stephen) "D.S." Senanayake, Ceylonese politician and leader of Sri Lankan independence movement (1st Prime Minister of Ceylon, 1947-52), born in Botale, British Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) (d. 1952)
  • Oct 25 Eduardo Barrios, Chilean novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1963)

Weddings in History

William Jennings Bryan

Oct 1 American politician William Jennings Bryan (24) weds writer and future suffragette Mary Elizabeth Baird (23)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 3 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz), dies at 44
  • Oct 31 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian diarist and painter, dies at 25