On This Day

November 1885 in History

Events in History


BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Nov 1 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • Nov 3 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • Nov 6 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
  • Nov 7 Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle

Engineer and inventor Gottlieb Daimler
Engineer and inventor
Gottlieb Daimler
  • Nov 14 Serbia invades Bulgaria, beginning the two-week Serbo-Bulgarian War; the Serbs are later defeated decisively [O.S. November 2]
  • Nov 17 The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • Nov 19 Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • Nov 23 Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • Nov 27 1st photograph of a meteor taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 2 Harlow Shapley, American astronomer (Sun's position in galaxy), born in Nashville, Missouri (d. 1972)

Person of interestWill Durant

Nov 5 Will Durant, American author and historian (The Story of Philosophy, The Story of Civilization), born in North Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1981)

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant
  • Nov 6 Emiel Poetou, Flemish sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1975)
  • Nov 8 Hans Cloos, German geologist and pioneer in the study of granite tectonics (the deformation of crystalline rocks), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Nov 8 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya", born in Ōtoyo, Kōchi, Japan (d. 1946)
  • Nov 8 Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (Shell-Haus in Berlin), born in Aachen, Germany (d. 1966)
  • Nov 9 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, born in Tundutov, Russia (d. 1922)
  • Nov 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, born in Elmshom, Germany (d. 1955)
  • Nov 9 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza–Klein theory), born in Silesia, Germany (d. 1954)

Person of interestGeorge S. Patton

Nov 11 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", born in San Gabriel, California (d. 1945)

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Nov 14 Sonia Delaunay, Russian-born French artist (Orphism), born in Hradyzk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Mikiel Gonzi, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Malta (1944-76), born in Vittoriosa, Birgu, Malta (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Henry de Man, Belgian sociologist/chairman (Belgian Workers Party)
  • Nov 26 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), born in Münster, Province of Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1970)

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

Nov 30 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), born in Marktsteft, German Empire (d. 1960)

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring

Deaths in History


BattleLouis Riel

Nov 16 Louis Riel, Canadian rebel leader and "Father of Manitoba", hanged for treason at 41

Politician and Revolutionary Louis Riel
Politician and Revolutionary
Louis Riel
  • Nov 25 Alfonso XII, King of Spain (1874-85), dies at 27
  • Nov 25 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States (D), dies 8 months after taking office at 66
  • Nov 26 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), dies at 71