1886 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 "Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" by Robert Louis Stevenson published by Longmans, Green & Co.

  • Jan 15 Weekly Herald, 1st newspaper in Vancouver, BC, publishes 1st issue
  • Jan 19 Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota

1stHistoric Invention

Jan 26 Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Jan 27 First British government of Salisbury resigns
  • Jan 29 1st successful gasoline powered car patented by Karl Benz in Karlsruhe, Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 9 US President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Feb 12 2nd British government of Salisbury forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class

Painter Thomas Eakins
Thomas Eakins
  • Feb 23 Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • Feb 23 "The Times" of London publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • Mar 1 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • Mar 6 1st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, Massachusetts
  • Mar 6 1st US nurses' magazine, The Nightingale, 1st appears, NYC
  • Mar 17 Carrollton Massacre (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed
  • Mar 20 1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation in Massachusetts
  • Mar 26 1st cremation in England
  • Apr 6 City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • Apr 6 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • Apr 29 1st public Dutch electricity opens
  • May 1 US general strike for 8-hour working day begins
  • May 3 M A Maclean elected 1st mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia
  • May 4 Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
  • May 5 The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as militia fires upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.
  • May 8 Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta sells the first Coca-Cola (contained cocaine)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 British sailor David Beatty is promoted to midshipman

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 American chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola

Pharmacist John Pemberton
John Pemberton
  • Jun 1 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31
  • Jun 3 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda
  • Jun 8 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the British House of Common
  • Jun 10 Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink & white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
  • Jun 13 Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Vancouver, BC
  • Jun 13 King Ludwig II of Bavaria found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM at 40. Builder of palace of Neuschwanstein and patron of Wagner
  • Jul 3 1st NY Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine
  • Jul 3 In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile
  • Jul 4 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Pt Moody, BC
  • Jul 6 Horlick's of Wisconsin offers 1st malted milk to public
  • Jul 10 George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • Jul 23 Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge
  • Jul 24 China takes British protectorate of Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 British government led by Lord Salisbury forms

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Aug 1 Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
  • Aug 4 Colombia adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Aug 15 Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 20 Second Salon exhibition by Society of Independent Artists held in Paris; includes Georges Seurat's "A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte"

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • Aug 25 1st international polo meet (US vs England)
  • Aug 31 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston, South Carolina, 110 die

  • Aug 31 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
  • Sep 1 Netherland's New Code of Criminal Law enforced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Queen Victoria establishes Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Sep 9 The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized
  • Sep 14 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents typewriter ribbon
  • Oct 1 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, closes
  • Oct 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Resident Patient" (BG)
  • Oct 7 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • Oct 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • Oct 10 1st dinner jacket (tuxedo) worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, NY
  • Oct 12 Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
  • Oct 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
  • Oct 23 St Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
  • Oct 28 Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City
  • Oct 30 Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa
  • Nov 1 Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
  • Nov 3 Friars of Tilburg arrives on Curacao
  • Nov 4 Edward MacDowell's "Ophelia" premieres
  • Nov 22 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • Nov 30 First commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo, NY
  • Nov 30 The Folies Bergère stages its first revue

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 8 American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • Dec 16 Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie"
  • Dec 22 1st national accountants' society in US formed (NYC)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 136

  • Jan 2 Moyshe Leyb Halpern, Galican/US poet (In New-York)
  • Jan 2 Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • Jan 3 John G Fletcher, American poet (Epic of Arkansas)
  • Jan 8 Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], NC, prophet (Moorish Science Temple)
  • Jan 14 Hugh Lofting, England, writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle)
  • Jan 17 Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
  • Jan 17 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England (d. 1926)
  • Jan 18 Antoine Pevsner, French sculptor
  • Jan 18 Peter Alma, Dutch painter/graphic artist
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Finance/Economy
  • Jan 26 Joannes A Veraart, Dutch economist/MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
  • Jan 28 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • Jan 28 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 31 Alfonso Lopez, Colombia, statesman (Pres UN security council-1948)
  • Feb 2 Kurt Baschwitz, German/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Du und)
  • Feb 14 Theodor Werner, German painter
  • Feb 16 Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • Feb 20 Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
  • Feb 22 Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti
  • Feb 23 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • Feb 27 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • Feb 28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • Feb 28 Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • Mar 1 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • Mar 2 Willis O'Brien, American animator (d. 1962)
  • Mar 3 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • Mar 5 Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • Mar 8 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host/zoo director (Artis)
  • Mar 8 Edward Kendall, chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)
  • Mar 17 Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 Kurt Koffka, German Gestalt psychologist
  • Mar 18 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
  • Mar 24 Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 24 Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • Mar 25 Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 26 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • Mar 27 Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, German/US architect (Bauhaus)
  • Mar 27 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader (d. 1934)
  • Mar 30 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Polish logician/mathematician
  • Apr 6 Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)
  • Apr 8 Margaret A Barnes, writer
  • Apr 14 Edward C Tolman, US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • Apr 14 Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian
  • Apr 15 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • Apr 16 Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate
  • Apr 24 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, born in Erfurt (d. 1975)
  • Apr 24 R Pelgrom, oldest Dutch man (died Apr 15, 1994, 9 days short of 108)
  • Apr 26 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (d. 1913)
  • Apr 28 Erich Salomon, German photographer
  • May 2 Gottfried Benn, writer
  • May 9 Francis Biddle, United States Attorney General (d. 1968)
  • May 10 Karl Barth, Basel Switzerland, theologian/author (Action in Waiting)
  • May 10 Olaf Stapleton, British religious sci-fi writer (Star Maker)
  • May 10 Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • May 12 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter
  • May 17 Alfonso XIII of Spain (d. 1941)
  • May 25 Philip Murray, founded Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
  • May 25 Rash Behari Bose, leader against the British Raj in India (d. 1945)
  • May 28 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (d. 1954)
  • May 30 Randolph Bourne, American writer (d. 1918)
  • Jun 6 Paul Dudley White, American heart specialist, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1973)
  • Jun 7 Henri Coandă, Romanian aerodynamics pioneer (d. 1972)
  • Jun 10 Baron Josse Emile van Dievoet, Flemish lawyer
  • Jun 11 David Steinman, American bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 18 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, England (d. 1924)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • Jun 18 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
  • Jun 24 George Shiels, Northern Irish dramatist (d. 1949)
  • Jun 25 Henry "Hap" Arnold, commanding general, US Army Air Force (WWII)
  • Jun 29 James Van Der Zee, Lenox Ma, African American photographer
  • Jun 29 Juliane Gabriels, Flemish physician (Artus Quellin)
  • Jun 29 Robert Schuman, French premier
  • Jul 3 Raymond A Spruance, US admiral/fleet commander/ambassador
  • Jul 5 Felix Timmermans, Flemish writer/painter/cartoonist (Pallieter)
  • Jul 5 Willem Drees, PM of Netherland (PvdA, 1948-58)/Indonesia (AOW)
  • Jul 10 John SSPV Gort, viscount of Limerick/fieldmarshal of Palestine
  • Jul 11 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • Jul 23 Arthur Whitten Brown, aviator
  • Jul 23 John C Poortenaar, painter/etcher/cartoonist
  • Jul 23 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, writer/diplomat
  • Jul 23 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (d. 1976)
  • Jul 24 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Snow Dusting), born in Nihonbashi, Tokyo (d. 1965)
  • Jul 27 Ernst May, German architect (d. 1970)
  • Jul 31 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1931)
  • Jul 31 Constant Permeke, Flemish painter and statues artist (Sow), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • Aug 1 Isaac Keesing, Dutch publisher/founder (System Keesing)
  • Aug 2 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy Canadian Aviator (d. 1961)
  • Aug 7 Louis Hazeltine, inventor (neutrodyne circuit, making radio possible)
  • Aug 10 Hilda Doolittle, poet/prominent member of imagist movement
  • Aug 12 Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)
  • Aug 13 Jacob Pierneef, South Africa, painter
  • Aug 20 Paul Tillich, German/US theologist (Die sozial Entscheidung)
  • Aug 24 William Francis Gibbs, American naval architect, designed Liberty ships, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Sep 4 Albert Orsborn, General of The Salvation Army (d. 1967)
  • Sep 8 Siegfried L Sassoon, English poet/writer (Counterattack)
  • Sep 10 Hilda Doolittle, American poetess (imagisten)
  • Sep 13 Alain LeRoy Locke, African American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”
  • Sep 14 Jan Garrique Masaryk, Czech, statesman/minister to London (1918-35)
  • Sep 21 Teiichi Igarashi, Japan, climed Mt Fuji at age 99
  • Oct 1 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian/author
  • Oct 2 Pieter "Pierre" Balledux, stage manager/Dutch resistance fighter

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 24 Inventor Thomas Edison (38) marries 2nd wife Mina Miller (20) in Akron, Ohio

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 28 Painter Paul Cézanne (47) weds Marie-Hortense Fiquet (36)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 2 U.S. President Grover Cleveland (49) weds Frances Folsom (21), 1st presidential marriage to be held at the White House

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 19 US President William Taft (28) weds Helen Herron (25) in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 11 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (30) weds Olivia Davidson (32) Athens, Ohio

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 14 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 2 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (28) weds second wife Edith Kermit Carow (25) in London

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt
First Lady of the United States
Edith Roosevelt
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 21 Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low (26) weds William Mackay Low in Savannah, Georgia

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
  • Jan 18 Michal Czajchovski, [Sadik Pasja], writer, dies
  • Jan 18 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (b. 1819)
  • Jan 26 David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
  • Mar 18 Leopold Zunz, German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91
  • Mar 29 John Keble, theologian, Bournemouth
  • Mar 30 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, French Canadian politician (b. 1838)
  • Apr 9 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • May 1 Conrad Busken Huet, writer (Country of Rubens)
  • May 5 Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 15 Emily Dickinson, US poet, dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 17 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company) dies at 82

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 23 Leopold von Ranke, German historian who founded the modern concept of source-based history, dies at 90

  • Jun 11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet, dies at 40
  • Jun 14 Alexandr Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (b. 1823)
  • Jun 18 Joannes Paredis, Belgian Bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • Jul 5 Henry Gerhard, founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
  • Jul 16 Ned Buntline, [Edward Zane Carroll Judson], author, dies
  • Jul 29 Solomon Gazfried, rabbi/author (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch), dies
  • Aug 6 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, dies at 45
  • Aug 9 Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • Aug 11 Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
  • Aug 16 Ramakrishna, Indian mystic and yogi, dies at 50
  • Aug 17 Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 61
  • Aug 22 Jose da Silva Mendes Leal, Portuguese author (Indiana), dies at 67
  • Aug 30 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • Sep 3 William W. Snow, American politician (b. 1812)
  • Oct 8 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
  • Oct 10 David L Yule, 1st Jewish US senator, dies
  • Oct 18 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (b. 1796)
  • Oct 21 Jose Hernandez, Argentine poet (La vuelta the MartinFierro), dies at 51
  • Nov 11 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body made possible space and ocean exploration, dies of dysentery at 53

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18 Chester A. Arthur, 21st US president (1881-85), dies at 56

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • Nov 22 William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • Dec 5 Peter Hofstede de Groot, Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84