October 1888 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time

Event of Interest

Oct 3 Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete first known crossing of Greenland interior, arriving in Godthaab

  • Oct 9 Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • Oct 10 Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania

Event of Interest

Oct 15 German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche decides to write his autobiography "Ecce Homo" on his 44th birthday

  • Oct 19 Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • Oct 23 Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested

Event of Interest

Oct 29 Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company

  • Oct 30 John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • Oct 30 Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 6 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • Oct 7 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • Oct 9 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)

Katherine MansfieldKatherine Mansfield (1888-1923)

Oct 14 New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand

  • Oct 15 S.S. Van Dine [pseudonym for William Huntingdon Wright], American art critic and crime writer (Philo Vance), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1939)

Eugene O'NeillEugene O'Neill (1888-1953)

Oct 16 American playwright (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York

  • Oct 16 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • Oct 23 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Québec (d. 1961)
  • Oct 25 François Pauwels, Dutch writer and attorney, born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Oct 25 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, born in Bettna, Södermanland, Sweden (d. 1943)

Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd (1888-1957)

Oct 25 American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia

  • Oct 26 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, born in Hulai-Pole, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Oct 26 Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros), born in Helsinki (d. 1925)
  • Oct 31 George Hubert Wilkins, Australian polar explorer (Flying the Arctic), born in Hallett, Australia (d. 1958)
  • Oct 31 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, born in Athens, Greece (d. 1944)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 8 Jules d'Anethan, Belgian politician, Prime Minister of Belgium (1870-71), dies at 85
  • Oct 16 John Wentworth, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1815)
  • Oct 19 Amaat Vyncke, Belgian missionary to the Upper Congo (Flemish Wind), dies of swamp fever and liver disease at 38