On This Day

April 1889 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
  • Apr 3 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 22 A 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for white colonial settlement in Oklahoma officially starts at 12pm
  • Apr 30 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 6 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)

Person of interestArnold J. Toynbee

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 15 A. Philip Randolph, American labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union), born in Crescent City, Florida (d. 1979)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, American painter and muralist (Lonesome Road), born in Neosho, Missouri (d. 1975)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator, born in Odenkirchen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, English schoolteacher and creator of the I-Spy books, born in Farmborough, Somerset (d. 1995)
  • Apr 24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)
  • Apr 28 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), born in Vimieiro, Santa Comba Dão, Portugal (d. 1970)
  • Apr 28 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear admiral (Java Sea), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1942)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 Thomas T H Jorissen, historian, dies at 56
  • Apr 9 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • Apr 15 Father Damien, Belgian missionary, dies at 49
  • Apr 19 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • Apr 23 Jules-Amédée Barbey d’Aurevilly, French writer and critic, dies at 80