On This Day

1893 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st US college extension courses for credit, University of Chicago

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • Jan 1 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic
  • Jan 2 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • Jan 2 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • Jan 4 US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • Jan 6 Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jan 7 Hermann Sudermanns "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 10 Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg
  • Jan 13 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • Jan 13 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • Jan 17 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jan 17 Queen Liliuokalani is deposed by an American coup, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
  • Jan 17 Franco-Russian Alliance is signed

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 19 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Playwright
Henrik Ibsen

  • Jan 21 Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana)
  • Jan 28 Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • Jan 31 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • Feb 5 Alfred Naess skates world record 500m (49.4 sec)
  • Feb 9 Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud
  • Feb 24 The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America
  • Feb 26 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
  • Feb 26 Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • Feb 28 Edward Acheson of Pennsylvania, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum" (Silicon carbide)
  • Mar 1 Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • Mar 2 1st US federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • Mar 3 Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
  • Mar 4 Francis Dhanis' army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 10 Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • Mar 10 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • Mar 30 Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • Apr 3 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • Apr 5 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)

  • Apr 6 Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • Apr 6 Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • Apr 8 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is America's national drink
  • Apr 12 Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • Apr 22 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 22 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • Apr 26 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • Apr 27 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • May 1 World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago

Historic CommunicationPanic of 1893

May 5 Panic of 1893 causes a large crash on the NY Stock Exchange

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The panicked scene at the New York Stock Exchange on the infamous morning of Friday, 5 May, 1893
The panicked scene at the New York Stock Exchange on the infamous morning of Friday, 5 May, 1893
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  • May 10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • May 19 Heavy rain washes "quick clay" into a deep valley killing 111 in Norway
  • May 22 Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • May 27 Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • May 31 Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jun 16 RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack

MurderMurder of Interest

Jun 20 Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • Jun 21 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
  • Jun 22 British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • Jun 27 Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • Jun 30 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) then world's largest, discovered in Jagersfontein Mine, South Africa
  • Jul 6 The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Daniel Williams repairs the torn pericardium of a knife wound patient, James Cornish, without penicillin or blood transfusion

Heart Surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart Surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jul 11 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto
  • Jul 11 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua
  • Jul 13 Germany Army Bill is ratified
  • Jul 22 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • Jul 31 Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • Aug 7 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • Aug 9 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • Aug 10 Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • Aug 14 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • Aug 15 US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • Aug 20 Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • Aug 24 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • Sep 1 Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Sep 11 Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • Sep 11 Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • Sep 11 First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held in Chicago, Indian monk Swani Vivekananda gives influential speech
  • Sep 16 Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma, opens white settlement homesteaders

The Story of the First Country to Grant Women the VoteThe Story of the First Country to Grant Women the Vote

Sep 19 New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote

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Women gained the vote in New Zealand in 1893, the summit at last.
Women gained the vote in New Zealand in 1893, the summit at last.
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  • Sep 20 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • Sep 21 Frank Duryea drives the 1st American-made gas propelled vehicle
  • Oct 1 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
  • Oct 6 Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat
  • Oct 14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • Oct 14 Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • Oct 23 C. Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • Oct 25 Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • Oct 27 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah, Georgia & Charleston, South Carlolina
  • Oct 30 US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • Nov 4 British South Africa Company troops under Dr Jamesons occupy Bulawayo, Matabeleland
  • Nov 7 US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • Nov 12 The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Nov 14 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Nov 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • Nov 19 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • Nov 28 Women vote in a national election for the first time, in the New Zealand general election
  • Nov 29 Ziqiang Institute, today known as Wuhan University, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty of China after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government.
  • Dec 5 Electric car built at the Dixon Carriage works in Toronto, could go 15 miles between charges

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)
  • Jan 3 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist and essayist (Gilles)
  • Jan 4 Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)
  • Jan 5 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. unknown)
  • Jan 5 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (Autobiography of a Yogi), born in Gorakhpur, India (d. 1952)
  • Jan 10 Albert Jacka, Australian soldier, first Australian World War I Victoria Cross winner (d. 1932)

Person of interestHermann Goering

Jan 12 Hermann Goering, Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • Jan 12 Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • Jan 13 Clarke Ashton Smith, American sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
  • Jan 13 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • Jan 15 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • Jan 20 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
  • Jan 23 Frank Carlson, American politician (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks), born in Cloud County, Kansas (d. 1987)
  • Jan 26 Bessie Coleman, 1st African American airplane pilot
  • Jan 26 Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
  • Jan 31 Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
  • Feb 2 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, born in Székesfehérvár, Hungary (d. 1974)
  • Feb 3 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)

Person of interestRaymond Dart

Feb 4 Raymond Dart, Australian paleoanthropologist (Australopithecus africanus), born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1995)

Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart
Paleoanthropologist
Raymond Dart
  • Feb 5 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)
  • Feb 6 Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, President of UN General Assembly (1962-63), born in Sialkot, Pakistan (d. 1985)
  • Feb 8 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • Feb 11 Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
  • Feb 12 Marcel Minnaert, Dutch astronomer, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1970)

Person of interestOmar Bradley

Feb 12 Omar Bradley, American WWII General (Invasion of Normandy) and 1st Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1949-53), born in Clark, Missouri (d. 1981)

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • Feb 13 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • Feb 14 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1965)
  • Feb 15 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
  • Feb 19 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Scrittori d'Oggi)
  • Feb 20 Russel Crouse, journalist/novelist/playwright (Life with Father)
  • Feb 20 Elizabeth Holloway Marston, American psychologist (d. 1993)
  • Feb 26 Ivor Armstrong Richards, English literary critic (The Meaning of Meaning), born in Sandbach, England (d. 1979)
  • Feb 26 I. A. Richards, English poet and influential critic (Meaning of Meaning), born in Sandbach, England (d. 1979)
  • Feb 27 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • Mar 1 Mercedes de Acosta, American socialite (d. 1968)
  • Mar 3 Beatrice Wood, potter/artist/author
  • Mar 5 Emmett J Culligan, founder of water treatment organization
  • Mar 6 Kathleen Smoothy, housewife (last link to Siege of SIdney Street)
  • Mar 7 Milton Avery, American artist, born in Almar, New York (d. 1965)
  • Mar 9 Edgar Scauflaire, Belgian painter and decorator, born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • Mar 18 Wilfred Owen, English soldier & anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England (d. 1918)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Dearmer, poet
  • Mar 23 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
  • Mar 25 Edward Hart, American politician (Rep-D-NJ)/1st chairman of Com on Un-American Activities, born in Jersey City (d. 1961)
  • Mar 26 James B. Conant, American chemist and President of Harvard University, born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1978)
  • Mar 26 Palmiro Togliatti, Italian politician and founder of the Communist Party of Italy, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1964)
  • Mar 27 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Mar 28 Spyros Skouras, Greek-born American movie executive (20th Century Fox), born in Skourohorion, Greece (d. 1971)
  • Mar 29 Dora Carrington, British Bloomsbury artist, born in Hereford, Herefordshire (d. 1932)
  • Apr 3 Princess Maud of Fife, Countess of Southesk, born in East Sheen Lodge, Richmond-upon-Thames (d. 1945)
  • Apr 7 Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (1953-1961), born in Watertown, New York (d. 1969)
  • Apr 8 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Sereniteit)
  • Apr 11 Dean Acheson, American statesman and U.S. Secretary of State (1949-53), born in Middletown, Connecticut (d. 1971)
  • Apr 11 Johannes Theodoor Thijsse, Dutch director of Delft Hydraulics Laboratory, born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • Apr 20 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, born in Boskovice (d. 1929)
  • Apr 20 Edna Parker, American supercentenarian, the oldest person in the world following the death of Yone Minagawa of Japan on August 13, 2007, born in Morgan County, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • Apr 20 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • Apr 23 Frank Borzage, American director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1962)
  • Apr 27 Norman Bel Geddes, American theatrical designer (Rivals, Dead End), born in Adrian, Michigan (d. 1958)
  • Apr 27 Draža Mihailović, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, born in Ivanjica, Serbia (d. 1946)
  • Apr 29 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), born in Sofia, Bulgaria (d. 1991)
  • Apr 29 Harold Urey, American physical chemist (Deuterium, Nobel 1934), born in Walkerton, Indiana (d. 1981)

Person of interestJoachim von Ribbentrop

Apr 30 Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, born in Wesel, Rhine Province, German Empire (d. 1946)

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
  • May 3 Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor, born in Abasha, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • May 9 William Moulton Marston, American psychologist (inventor of an early prototype of the lie detector) and writer (co-creator, Wonder Woman), born in Saugus, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • May 14 Louis Verneuil, French playwright (d. 1952)
  • May 15 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • May 16 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance (1925-30)
  • May 17 Frederick McKinley Jones, American inventor (developments in refrigeration), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • May 23 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist and paleontologist (d. 1977)
  • May 24 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), born in Schröttinghausen, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • May 27 Hermann Dörnemann, German supercentarian, born in Essen, Germany (d. 2005)
  • Jun 4 Armand Călinescu, Prime Minister of Romania, born in Piteşti, Romania (d. 1939)
  • Jun 4 Daan Boens, Flemish poet (Man who sold his Wife), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Jun 13 Dorothy L. Sayers, English novelist (The Nine Tailors), born in Oxford, England (d. 1957)
  • Jun 19 Adriaan Franciscus Dussenbroek, Dutch doctor and co-founder (Union National Arubano), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • Jun 29 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet and resistance fighter, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1945)

Person of interestPrasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Jun 29 Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, Indian scientist and applied statistician (Mahalanobis distance), whose birthdate is celebrated annually in India as "National Statistics Day", born in Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1972)

Scientist and Statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
Scientist and Statistician
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
  • Jun 30 Harold Laski, English economist and Labour Party leader (1945-46), born in Manchester, England (d. 1950)
  • Jun 30 Walter Ulbricht, German politician (Head Of State, German Democratic Republic), born in Leipzig, Saxony, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • Jul 1 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • Jul 2 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1950)
  • Jul 7 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • Jul 8 Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
  • Jul 14 John G Strijdom, premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
  • Jul 14 Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • Jul 19 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), born in Baghdati, Soviet Georgia (d. 1930) [OS=7/7]
  • Jul 20 Alexander, King of Greece (1917-20), born at Tatoi Palace, Greece (d. 1920)
  • Jul 20 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
  • Jul 21 Hans Fallada [Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen], German writer, born in Greifswald (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 1990)

Person of interestFatima Jinnah

Jul 30 Fatima Jinnah, Mother of Pakistan, sister and close adviser of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1967)

Mother of Pakistan Fatima Jinnah
Mother of Pakistan
Fatima Jinnah
  • Aug 6 Guthrie McClintic, Broadway producer/dir (Winterset), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Aug 6 Wright Patman, American politician (d. 1976)
  • Aug 10 Viscount Dunrossil, Scotland, Gov Gen of Australia (1959-61)
  • Aug 10 Voranc Prezikov [Lovro Kuhar], Slovenian author (Samorastniki)

Person of interestHarlow Curtice

Aug 15 Harlow Curtice, President of General Motors (1953-8), born in Petrieville, Michigan (d. 1962)

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice
  • Aug 15 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and computing pioneer, born in Pukekohe, New Zealand (d. 1950)

Person of interestDorothy Parker

Aug 22 Dorothy Parker, American short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1967)

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 18 British Poet and writer Rudyard Kipling (26) marries Carrie Balestier (29) in London

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 6 British Prince George Duke of York (later George V) marries Princess Victoria of Teck (Queen Mary) at St James's Palace

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 12 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (37) weds Margaret James Murray

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, dies at 87
  • Jan 7 Jožef Stefan, Slovenian physicist and mathematician (b. 1835)
  • Jan 9 Mohara, Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten
  • Jan 11 Benjamin F Butler, US gen/presidential candidate (anti-monopoly), dies at 74
  • Jan 16 Johan Philip Koelman, painter/sculptor/architect, dies at 74

Person of interestRutherford B. Hayes

Jan 17 Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th US President (Republican: 1877-81), dies of a heart attack at 70

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Jan 23 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • Jan 23 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, American politician and U.S. Supreme Court Justice, dies at 67
  • Jan 27 James G. Blaine, US Secretary of State (1881 and 1889-92) known as the "Plumed Knight", dies at 62
  • Jan 28 Samuel S. Carroll, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 60
  • Feb 1 George Henry Sanderson, Mayor of San Francisco, dies at 70
  • Feb 13 Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco), dies at 58
  • Feb 18 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), dies at 78
  • Feb 20 P. G. T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (Hero of Sumter), dies at 74
  • Mar 5 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), dies at 64
  • Mar 16 William H. Illingworth, English-American photographer, dies at 48
  • Mar 17 Jules Ferry, French statesman, dies at 60
  • Apr 4 Alphonse Pyramus de Candolle, French-Swiss botanist, dies at 86
  • Apr 19 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), dies at 52
  • Apr 22 Chaim Aronson, Lithuanian inventor & academic, dies at 67
  • Apr 27 John Murray Corse, American general (Union), dies on his 58th birthday
  • Apr 27 John Ballance, 14th Prime Minister of New Zealand & the founder of the Liberal Party, dies of intestinal disease after a major surgical operation at 54
  • May 14 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician (surface of Kummer), dies at 83
  • May 14 Johan T Buys, Dutch lawyer, dies at 65
  • May 23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, dies at 87

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

Jun 5 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher, dies of stomach cancer at 69

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary

Person of interestLeland Stanford

Jun 21 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, dies of heart failure at 69

Business Tycoon and Politician Leland Stanford
Business Tycoon and Politician
Leland Stanford
  • Jun 23 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)

Person of interestGuy de Maupassant

Jul 6 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), dies four days after trying to commit suicide by cutting his throat at 42

  • Jul 9 George Christopher Cato, Natal pioneer and first mayor of Durban South Africa, dies at 79
  • Jul 17 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (b. 1833)
  • Jul 19 James T. Holtzclaw, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 59
  • Aug 6 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
  • Aug 16 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist, dies at 77
  • Aug 17 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52 [NS=8/29]
  • Aug 29 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52 [OS=8/17]
  • Sep 3 James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)
  • Sep 7 Hamilton Fish, American politician (Governor of New York), dies at 85
  • Sep 8 Luke Short, American Old West gunslinger and saloon owner, dies of dropsy at 39
  • Sep 15 Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • Sep 19 Alexander Tilloch Galt, Canadian politician, a father of Canadian Confederation, dies at 76
  • Oct 4 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, MP (AR), dies at 88
  • Oct 6 Ford Madox Brown, British painter, dies at 72
  • Oct 16 Patrice MacMahon, duc de Magenta, President of France (b. 1808)
  • Oct 18 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), dies at 75

Person of interestJohn Abbott

Oct 30 John Abbott, 3rd Prime Minister of Canada (C) (1891-92), dies of brain cancer at 72

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • Nov 4 Cornelis Eliza van Koetsveld, Dutch writer and preacher, dies at 86
  • Nov 4 Pierre Tirard, French politician (b. 1827)
  • Nov 7 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India, dies at 37
  • Nov 8 Francis Parkman, American historian and author (Oregon Trail), dies at 70
  • Nov 12 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, premier of Austria (1852-59), dies at 80
  • Nov 13 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 78
  • Nov 17 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • Nov 22 James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University (b. 1826)
  • Nov 30 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian, dies at 68
  • Dec 4 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • Dec 4 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, dies at 73
  • Dec 4 Heinrich Göbel, German-born mechanic and inventor, dies at 75
  • Dec 14 Karolina Pawlowa, Russian poet & novelist, dies at 86
  • Dec 17 Levinus T Keuchenius, Dutch min of Colonies (1888-90), dies at 71
  • Dec 22 Johann Czerski, German chaplain, dies at 80
  • Dec 26 Victor Schœlcher, French abolitionist writer, dies at 89
  • Dec 30 Samuel White Baker, English explorer (Ceylon & Egypt), dies at 72
  • Dec 31 Jacob Gijsbert de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch vicar and theologian, dies at 74