April 1894 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 5 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • Apr 12 British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central Africa
  • Apr 20 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

Theater Premiere

Apr 21 George Bernard Shaw's play "Arms and the Man" premieres in London becoming his first public success

  • Apr 22 The very first Venice Biennale opens in Venice, Italy, as a biennial exhibition of Italian art [1]
  • Apr 29 The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 2 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, born in Appingedam, Netherlands (d. 1980)

Walter MittelholzerWalter Mittelholzer (1894-1937)

Apr 2 Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air) and aerial photographer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland [1]

  • Apr 6 Gertrude Baines, American supercentenarian who was the oldest person in the world and the last person known to be born in 1894, born in Shellman, Georgia (d. 2009)
  • Apr 7 Gerald Brenan, English writer (The Spanish Labyrinth), born in Sliema, Malta (d. 1987)
  • Apr 10 Ben Nicholson, English painter and sculptor (Circle), born in Denham, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1982)
  • Apr 10 Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator, born in Pilani, Rajputana, India (d. 1983)
  • Apr 12 Francisco Craveiro Lopes, 12th President of Portugal (1951-58), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1964)

Nikita KhrushchevNikita Khrushchev (1894-1971)

Apr 15 First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia

  • Apr 20 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)

Rudolf HessRudolf Hess (1894-1987)

Apr 26 German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt

  • Apr 27 George Petty, American pin-up artist, born in Abbeville, Louisiana (d. 1975)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 8 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • Apr 11 Constantin Lipsius, German architect (b. 1832)
  • Apr 14 Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet, dies at 78