February 1895 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 3 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • Feb 4 1st rolling lift bridge opens in Chicago
  • Feb 11 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • Feb 11 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 13 Moving picture projector patented

Importance of Being Earnest

Feb 14 Oscar Wilde's play "Importance of Being Earnest" premieres at St James's Theatre in London

  • Feb 15 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • Feb 20 Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo

Frederick Douglass Honoured

Feb 21 North Caroline Legislature adjourns for the day to mark the passing of Frederick Douglass

  • Feb 23 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named American minister to Liberia
  • Feb 24 Cuban war for independence begins

Event of Interest

Feb 25 Groenkloof Nature Reserve in Pretoria established by President Paul Kruger as the first game sanctuary in Africa

  • Feb 26 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 3 Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, Peruvian politician (founded APRA-Peru, drafted constitution), born in Trujillo, Peru (d. 1979) [or Feb 22]
  • Feb 4 Annie Romein-Verschoor, Dutch historian (Erflaters), born in Hatert, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Feb 4 [Johann Baptist] Hanns Albin Rauter, German SS and Police leader in the occupied Netherlands, born in Klagenfurt, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1949)
  • Feb 9 Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)

Max HorkheimerMax Horkheimer (1895-1973)

Feb 14 German philosopher & sociologist (Dialectic of Enlightenment, Eclipse of Reason), born in Zuffenhausen, Stuttgart, Germany

  • Feb 18 Semjon Timoshenko, Russian military officer (Marshal of the Soviet Union, held commands during Soviet-Finnish War and on WWII Eastern Front), born in Orman, Bessarabia Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1970)
  • Feb 18 Semyon Timoshenko, Russian marshal and army officer (most senior Russian officer on the front line in WWII), born in Orman, Russia (d. 1976) (OS 6 Feb)
  • Feb 21 Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, (1943 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for discovery of vitamin K), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1976)
  • Feb 22 Victor Raúl Haya de la Torre, Peruvian politician and author (founder of Peruvian Aprista Party), born in Trujillo, Peru (d. 1979)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 2 Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)

Theodore Dwight WeldTheodore Dwight Weld (1803-1895)

Feb 3 American abolitionist and writer (American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses), dies at 91

  • Feb 18 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen, Austrian general (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass (c. 1817/18-1895)

Feb 20 African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave, dies of a heart attack at 77