On This Day

October 1895 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • Oct 8 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Oct 11 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy

Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II
Emperor of Ethiopia
Menelik II
  • Oct 15 Henry Perky patents a machine he developed with William Ford for the preparation of cereals for food, otherwise known as shredded wheat
  • Oct 21 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • Oct 22 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop, crosses more than 30 meters of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Liaquat Ali Khan, 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan (1947-51), born in Karnal, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • Oct 2 Louis Lebeer, Dutch art historian, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Oct 2 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Oct 4 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, born in Baku, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • Oct 4 Sergei Yesenin, Russian lyric poet, born in Konstantinovo, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • Oct 5 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1961)
  • Oct 6 Caroline Gordon, Kentucky, writer (Green Centuries)
  • Oct 8 Jeanne Gabrielle Willing, Dutch author (Sinner & the Girl), born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)

Person of interestJuan Perón

Oct 8 Juan Perón, Argentine military officer and President of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1974)

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Oct 8 Zog I, King of Albania (1928-39), born in Burgajet Castle, Ottoman Empire (d. 1961)
  • Oct 9 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1961)
  • Oct 10 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), born in Barzdorf, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Oct 13 Kurt Schumacher, German political chairman (SPD), born in Kulm, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Oct 15 Alfred Neumann, German playwright (Devil), born in Lautenburg, Germany (now in Poland) (d. 1952)
  • Oct 17 Doris Humphrey, dancer (Dances of Women), born in Oak Park, Illinois
  • Oct 18 Raymond Brulez, Flemish author (Appearance at Kallista)
  • Oct 19 Louis Mumford, cultural historian/city planner/writer
  • Oct 19 Frank Durbin, last American veteran of the Battle of Verdun (d. 1999)
  • Oct 21 Alexander d'Arbeloff, entrepreneur
  • Oct 25 Levi Eshkol [Sjkolnik], Israeli PM (MWP) (1963-69), born in Oratov, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • Oct 30 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), born in Lagow, Brandenburg (d. 1964)
  • Oct 30 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician (Nobel 1956 - development of cardiac catheterization and the characterisation of a number of cardiac diseases), born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • Oct 31 B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian and publicist (The Rommel Papers), born in Paris (d. 1970)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 14 Elisha P. Ferry, American politician (Governor of Washington, 1872-80, 1889-93), dies at 70
  • Oct 31 Franz Hedrich, Austria writer, dies at about 62