On This Day

1896 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Nov 14 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
  • Nov 24 1st US absentee voting law enacted by Vermont
  • Nov 26 1st large indoor football game, University of Chicago beats University of Michigan 7-6
  • Nov 26 Amos Alonzo Stagg of University of Chicago creates American football huddle
  • Dec 1 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 2 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 5 Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig

Playwright Henrik Ibsen
Playwright
Henrik Ibsen
  • Dec 6 D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
  • Dec 10 Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi" premieres in Paris

Marconi's Dream: Telegraphy Without WiresMarconi's Dream: Telegraphy Without Wires

Dec 11 Chief Electrical Engineer of the British Post Office, William Preece, gives a public lecture in London called "Telegraphy without Wires", praising the work of 22 year old Guglielmo Marconi

Read Article
Marconi with his telegraphic box of tricks
Marconi with his telegraphic box of tricks
Read Article
  • Dec 14 The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company

BattleExecution

Dec 30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 9 Erich Hückel, German physicist and physical chemist, born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1980)
  • Aug 15 Catherine Doherty, Russian-born Canadian activist, born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1985)
  • Aug 16 Tina Modotti, Italian artist and activist, born in Udine, Italy (d. 1940)
  • Aug 17 Henry P de Vries, Dutch painter/poet (Laws of the Americas)

Person of interestLeslie Groves

Aug 17 Leslie Groves, American army engineer who directed the Manhattan Project and construction of the Pentagon, born in Albany, New York (d. 1970)

US Army Engineer and WWII General Leslie Groves
US Army Engineer and WWII General
Leslie Groves
  • Aug 21 Raymond Herreman, Belgian poet, journalist and writer (Jericho's Rose), born in Menen, Belgium (d. 1971)
  • Aug 22 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, born in Lacota, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • Aug 26 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)
  • Aug 31 Félix-Antoine Savard, French-Canadian priest and novelist, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1982)
  • Sep 1 A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian guru, founder of International Society for Krishna Consciousness, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1977)
  • Sep 6 Mario Praz, Italian literary critic and scholar (La carne, la morte, e il diavolo), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1982)
  • Sep 10 Ye Ting, Chinese military leader (d. 1946)
  • Sep 10 Robert Taschereau, Canadian judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Sep 12 Giuseppe Zoppi, Swiss writer (Il Libro Dell'Alpe), born in Broglio, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • Sep 20 Fjodor Panfjorov, Russian author (Volga), born in Pavlovka, Russia (d. 1960) [NS=Oct 2]

Person of interestF. Scott Fitzgerald

Sep 24 F. Scott Fitzgerald, American author (Great Gatsby, Zelda), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1940)

  • Sep 25 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, born in Moscow (d. 1970)
  • Sep 25 Sandro Pertini, 7th President of Italy (1978-85), born in Rome (d. 1990)
  • Sep 27 Sam Ervin, American politician (U.S. Senator from North Carolina) and Watergate committee chairman, born in Morganton, North Carolina (d. 1985)
  • Oct 3 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (Versos humanos), born in Santander, Spain (d. 1987)

Person of interestElijah Muhammad

Oct 7 Elijah Muhammad [Elijah Robert Poole], American religious leader (Nation of Islam), born in Sandersville, Georgia (d. 1975)

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • Oct 11 Roman Jakobson, Russian-American linguist and Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1982)
  • Oct 12 Eugenio Montale, Italian poet and translator (Xenia-Nobel 1975), born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1981)
  • Oct 15 Célestin Freinet, French pedagogue & educational reformer, born in Gars, France (d. 1966)
  • Oct 16 Edmond van Dooren, Flemish painter
  • Oct 22 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, born in Entiat, Washington (d. 1988)
  • Oct 23 André Lévêque, French engineer (d. 1930)
  • Oct 27 Edith Haisman, the oldest survivor of Titanic, born in Cape Town, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • Oct 30 Kostas Karyotakis, Greek poet, born in Tripoli, Greece (d. 1928)
  • Nov 1 Edmund Blunden, English poet and critic (Undertones of War), born in London (d. 1974)
  • Nov 4 Carlos P. Garcia, 8th President of the Philippines (1957-61), born in Talibon, Bohol, Philippines (d. 1971)
  • Nov 7 Herbert O'Connor, 51st Governor of Maryland and TV narrator (Crime Syndicate), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1960)
  • Nov 7 Esdras Minville, Quebec writer, economist and sociologist, born in Quebec, Montreal (d. 1975)
  • Nov 12 Salim Ali, Indian ornithologist (d. 1987)
  • Nov 13 Nobusuke Kishi, Prime Minister of Japan (1957-60), born in Yamaguchi, Japan (d. 1987)
  • Nov 14 Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (1953-61), born in Boone, Iowa (d. 1979)
  • Nov 16 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • Nov 16 Joan Lindsay, Australian author (Picnic at Hanging Rock), born in St Kilda East, Victoria, Australia (d. 1984)
  • Nov 17 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (d. 1934)
  • Nov 20 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • Nov 23 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1946-53)

Person of interestCharles "Lucky" Luciano

Nov 24 Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Italian-American gangster of the New York mafia, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1962)

  • Nov 27 Giovanni Battista Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1961)
  • Nov 28 Dawn Powell, American writer (Turn, Magic Wheel), born in Mount Gilead, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • Nov 29 Philip L Carret, Lynn Mass, CEO (Pioneer Fund)

Person of interestGeorgy Zhukov

Dec 1 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga (d. 1974)

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • Dec 3 John Urzidil, Austrian-American writer (Die erbeuteten Frauen), born in Prague (d. 1970)
  • Dec 4 Nikolai Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • Dec 5 Lady Huxley [Marie Juliette Baillot], Swiss sculptor and author, born in Auvernier, Switzerland (d. 1994)
  • Dec 5 Willem Frederik Meinhardt Lampe, Dutch ambassador of the Dutch Antilles, born in Netherlands Antilles (d. 1973)

Person of interestJimmy Doolittle

Dec 14 James Doolittle, American USAF General who conducted the raid on Tokyo in 1942, born in Alameda, California (d. 1993)

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • Dec 15 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), born in Prague (d. 1984)
  • Dec 15 George Cressey, American geographer (Asia's Lands & Peoples), born in Tiffin, Ohio (d. 1963)
  • Dec 15 Paul Citroen, Dutch sculptor, born in Berlin (d. 1983)
  • Dec 15 Betty Smith, American novelist (A Tree Grows in Brooklyn), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1972)

Person of interestMiles Dempsey

Dec 15 Miles Dempsey, British WWII general (XIII Corps, Second Army), born in New Brighton, Cheshire (d. 1969)

British WWII General Miles Dempsey
British WWII General
Miles Dempsey
  • Dec 19 John Seldon Whale, theologian
  • Dec 21 Carl Romme, Dutch catholic foreman/KVP-min Socialist Business, born in Oirschot, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • Dec 21 Constantine Rokossovski, Russian marshal/vice-premier of Poland, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1968)
  • Dec 22 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • Dec 23 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (The Leopard), born in Palermo, Sicily (d. 1957)
  • Dec 27 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright
  • Dec 27 Ewan Calague, economist/statistician (Social Security Board)
  • Dec 27 Louis Bromfield, Mansfield Ohio, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)
  • Dec 29 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican social realist painter & muralist (Lib of Chile), born in Chihuahua, Mexico (d. 1974)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History