February 1897 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 1 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Company
  • Feb 1 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • Feb 5 Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel

The Benin Pendant Mask

Feb 9 Invasion of Benin City by British Expedition force, the city is burnt and looted, marks the end of Nigerian Kingdom of Benin formed in the 11th century

  • Feb 10 NY Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
  • Feb 11 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC

Battle of Zapote Bridge

Feb 17 Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

  • Feb 17 National Organization of Mothers formed in American by Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst (Parent Teacher Association)
  • Feb 19 Inaugural meeting of the Women's Institute at Stoney Creek, Ontario, set at the suggestion of Adelaide Hoodless, the organization will rapidly spread around the world [1]

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Denise Robins, English romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • Feb 2 Aimé Avignon, France's former oldest living man (d. 2007)
  • Feb 2 Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Erhard, German politician (CDU, as Chancellor of Germany 1963-66 led German "economic miracle"), born in Fürth, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1977)
  • Feb 5 Dirk Stikker, Dutch politician, diplomat (Ambassador to Great Britain, 1952-58; Secretary General of NATO, 1961-64), and CEO (Heineken), Born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • Feb 6 Alberto [de Almeida] Cavalcanti, Brazilian director (Nicholas Nickleby), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1982)

Louis Buchalter (1897-1944)

Feb 6 Jewish-American mobster (Murder, Inc.), born in NYC, New York

Max Newman (1897-1984)

Feb 7 British mathematician and codebreaker (Colossus), born in Chelsea, London

  • Feb 8 Zakir Husain, 3rd President of India (1967-69) and scholar, born in Hyderabad, Hyderabad State (d. 1969)
  • Feb 9 Charles Kingsford-Smith, Australian pioneering aviator (1st transpacific flight), born in Brisbane, Australia (d. 1935)
  • Feb 10 John Franklin Enders, American microbiologist (1954 Nobel in Physiology or Medicine for culturing poliovirus, developed measles vaccine), born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1985)
  • Feb 18 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d. 2005)
  • Feb 20 Ivan Albright, American painter (Door, Window), born in North Harvey, Illinois (d. 1983)
  • Feb 22 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • Feb 27 Bernard Lyot, French astronomer (Coronagraph, Lyot-filter), born in Paris (d. 1952)
  • Feb 27 Paul Schuitema, Dutch graphic designer and photographer (System-O-Color), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1973)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 1 Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist, dies at 70
  • Feb 2 Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, dies at 65
  • Feb 6 Ebenezer C Brewer, British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable), dies
  • Feb 7 Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist and electrical engineer, dies at 49
  • Feb 13 Joseph O. Shelby, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 66
  • Feb 19 Karl Weierstrass, German mathematician (theory of functions), dies at 81
  • Feb 22 Charles Blondin, French acrobat and tight rope walker, dies at 72