On This Day

November 1897 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 23 Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • Nov 23 Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • Nov 25 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • Nov 29 1st motorcycle race (Surrey, England)

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 1 Naomi Mitchison, Scottish author (African Heroes, Return to Fairy Hill), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1999)
  • Nov 2 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • Nov 3 Frederick Stratten Russell, English marine biologist (plankton life history and linked their depth in the seas to light availability helping explain long-term changes in the ecosystem), born in Bridport, Dorset, England (d. 1984)
  • Nov 7 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955, born in Ilford, London (d. 1992)

Person of interestDorothy Day

Nov 8 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert Dorothy Day
Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert
Dorothy Day
  • Nov 9 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1978)
  • Nov 11 Gordon Allport, American psychologist (personalities), born in Montezuma, Indiana (d. 1967)
  • Nov 14 John Steuart Curry, American painter/lithographer (Baptism in Kansas)
  • Nov 15 Sacheverell Sitwell, English author (People's Palace), born in Scarborough, England (d. 1988)
  • Nov 15 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • Nov 16 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (one of the earliest proponents of the creation of the state of Pakistan and recognized as the creator of the name “Pakistan” for a separate Muslim, homeland in South Asia and is known as the founder of the Pakistan National Movement), born in Garhshankar, Punjab, British India (d. 1951)
  • Nov 18 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), born in London (d. 1974)
  • Nov 19 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1918)
  • Nov 20 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Nov 21 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, born in Dunaevtsy, Russia (d. 1980)
  • Nov 22 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer, born in Chemnitz, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1989)
  • Nov 23 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • Nov 23 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
  • Nov 27 Vito Genovese, Italian-American crime syndicate boss, born in Risigliano, Tufino, Italy (d. 1969)
  • Nov 28 Uno Chiyo, Japanese writer (Confessions of Love), born in Iwakuni (d. 1996)
  • Nov 29 Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Little Emperor)

Deaths in History

  • Nov 15 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, dies at 67
  • Nov 17 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • Nov 19 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • Nov 30 Abraham Carel Wertheim, Dutch banker and philanthropist, dies at 64