October 1897 in History

Events in History

Devil's Disciple

Oct 4 George Bernard Shaw's play "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 5 Swedish explorer Solomon August Andrée expedition to the North Pole reaches White Island
  • Oct 15 Aaron and Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch

Event of Interest

Oct 15 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown

  • Oct 21 Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • Oct 22 World's first car dealer opens in London

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 3 Josephine Riley Matthews "Mama Jo" , African-American midwife (delivered over 1300 babies), born in Aiken, South Carolina (d. 1993)
  • Oct 3 Louis Aragon, French poet and writer (Les Lettres françaises, Pour un réalisme socialiste), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)

Elijah Muhammad (1897-1975)

Oct 7 American religious leader, and Black separatist (Nation of Islam, 1934-75), born in Sandersville, Georgia

  • Oct 11 Nathan Farragut Twining, U.S. Air Force general, born in Monroe, Wisconsin (d. 1982)
  • Oct 16 Louis de Cazenave, France's oldest living man (oldest survivor from WWI), born in Saint-Georges-d'Aurac, France (d. 2008)
  • Oct 18 Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
  • Oct 19 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • Oct 20 Yevsei Liberman, Ukrainian Soviet economist (Plan, profit, bonuses), born in Slavuta, Russia (d. 1983)
  • Oct 20 Yi Un of Korea, last crown prince of Korea, born at Deoksu Palace, Seoul (d. 1970)
  • Oct 28 Hans Speidel, German general and NATO-supreme commander (1957-64), born in Metzingen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire (d. 1984)

Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945)

Oct 29 German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany (1933-45), born in Rheydt, Germany

Deaths in History

  • Oct 8 Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter, dies at 67
  • Oct 9 John Heemskerk, Dutch politician (Minister of the Interior 1866-88), dies at 79
  • Oct 19 George Pullman, American industrialist and inventor (railway sleeping car), dies at 66
  • Oct 24 Francis Turner Palgrave, English poet (Golden Treasury), dies at 73
  • Oct 27 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, granddaughter of George III, grandmother of Edward VIII and George VI and great-grandmother of Elizabeth II, dies at 63
  • Oct 28 Hercules Robinson, British colonial administrator (Ceylon, Fiji, New Zealand, South Africa), dies at 72
  • Oct 29 Henry George, American politician economist and land reformer (Progress & Poverty), dies after a stroke at 58