March 1898 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 8 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen


Mar 9 Peter of Tarantaise (Pope Innocent V) beatified as a saint in the Catholic Church by Pope Leo XIII 9 March 1898

1st Modern Submarine

Mar 17 John Philip Holland achieves successful test run for the first modern submarine off Staten Island, submerging for 1 hour 40 minutes

  • Mar 25 Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC
  • Mar 25 Swami Vivekananda initiates Margaret Noble (Sister Nivedita) into vow of Brahmacharya, first western woman received into Indian monastic order

The Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short Life

Mar 25 Writer O. Henry sentenced to 5 years in prison for embezzling $854 from a bank reportedly to pay for his sick wife's medical bills. Goes on to write many classics while in jail including "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking".

  • Mar 26 Sabi Game Reserve opens in South Africa, the world's 1st officially designated game reserve; now part of Kruger National Park
  • Mar 26 Sabie Game Reserve proclaimed in the Transvaal - the beginnings of Kruger National Park

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp, Dutch pastor and resistance fighter (aided people in hiding during WWII), born in Ruinerwold, Netherlands (d. 1978)

Zhou EnlaiZhou Enlai (1898-1976)

Mar 5 Premier of the People's Republic of China, born in Huai'an, China

  • Mar 7 Jan Antonín Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer (Bata), born in Uherské Hradišt, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • Mar 14 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • Mar 18 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • Mar 23 Georgios Grivas, Cypriot leader and patriot (fought guerilla war for independence against British), born in Trikomo, Cyprus (d. 1974)
  • Mar 24 Dorothy Stratton, American coast guard officer (1st woman officer in US Coast Guard, SPARS), born in Brookfield, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • Mar 24 George Alpert, American railroad executive (New Haven Line), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1988)
  • Mar 29 Cecil Arthur Lewis, British fighter pilot and writer, born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1997)
  • Mar 30 Heinz Risse, German writer, born in Dusseldorf (d. 1989)

Weddings in History

Paul Laurence Dunbar

Mar 6 Poet Paul Laurence Dunbar (25) weds political activist and poet Alice Ruth Moore (22) in New York

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India and author, dies at 72
  • Mar 10 George Müller, Prussian Christian evangelist and orphanage builder, dies at 92
  • Mar 11 William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • Mar 12 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish-Swedish writer (b. 1818)
  • Mar 15 Henry Bessemer, English inventor (Bessemer engine), dies at 85
  • Mar 16 Aubrey (Vincent) Beardsley, English illustrator (Salome), dies at 23
  • Mar 17 Blanche Kelso Bruce, American politician (Senator-Mississippi, 1875-1881), dies at 57
  • Mar 18 Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • Mar 19 João da Cruz, Brazilian poet, dies at 26
  • Mar 27 Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian Muslim intellectual and one of the founding fathers of Pakistan dies at 80
  • Mar 31 Edward Noyes Westcott, US attorney/writer (David Harum), dies