On This Day

1898 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Sep 21 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • Sep 29 French troops reach Guinea & Sudan, Samori caught
  • Sep 30 City of NY established
  • Oct 1 Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
  • Oct 1 Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
  • Oct 1 Jews are expelled from Kiev, Ukraine
  • Oct 1 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities
  • Oct 1 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • Oct 6 Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
  • Oct 8 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • Oct 12 Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • Oct 18 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • Oct 20 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • Nov 2 French government of Dupuy forms
  • Nov 2 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem

Historic InventionFirst Official Cheerleader

Nov 2 Cheerleading begins in the United States as Johnny Campbell leads the crowd cheering on the football team at the University of Minnesota

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Johhny Campbell coordinates a team to lead the crowd on a football game cheering for University of Minnesota team
Johhny Campbell coordinates a team to lead the crowd on a football game cheering for University of Minnesota team
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Music releaseTheater Premiere

Nov 5 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Fuhrmann Henschel" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 10 Wilmington, North Carolina Coup D'état: White Supremacists violently overthrow local government, killing and threatening Black leaders [1] [2]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 David Beatty is promoted to commander

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Nov 24 The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.
  • Nov 26 -27) Snow and ice storm over US kills 455
  • Nov 26 SS Portland “The Titanic of New England” leaves for Cape Cod, shipwrecked off Cape Ann, all 192 on board killed

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

Dec 10 Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish–American War is signed by US President McKinley; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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  • Dec 10 The first western pilgrims were welcomed at The House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá
  • Dec 18 Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Dec 24 Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto" premieres in Amsterdam

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 28 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1968)
  • Jul 29 Isidor Isaac Rabi, Polish physicist (explored atom, Nobel 1944)
  • Jul 30 Henry Moore, English artist and sculptor (known for Three Piece Sculpture: Vertebrae), born in Castleford (d. 1986)
  • Aug 3 Karl Kehrle, Benedictine monk and beekeeper, born in Mittelbiberach, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Aug 8 Paul Belmondo, French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orleans)
  • Aug 9 David de Jong, Dutch writer (Mutiny on the Canal)
  • Aug 11 Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, politician/trade unionist
  • Aug 15 Lillian Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's (1977-1981) mom, born in Richland, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • Aug 15 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), born in Zhmerynka, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Aug 17 Gerard Schmook, Flemish librarian/historian/custodian
  • Aug 20 Gerard Kraus, Dutch psychiatrist and director Santpoort (Insanity in Netherlands) (d. 1956)
  • Aug 20 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1968)
  • Aug 20 Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author (The Emigrants) and historian, born in Moshultamåla, Sweden (d. 1973)
  • Aug 24 Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and physician (Nobel 1974), born in Longlier, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Aug 24 Malcolm Cowley, American author (Flowering of New England), born in Belsano, Pennsylvania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 25 Helmut Hasse, German mathematician, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Aug 26 Peggy Guggenheim, American art patron & collector, born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • Aug 28 Ludwig Turek, German writer, born in Stendal, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Sep 10 Waldo Semon, American inventor (polyvinyl chloride), born in Demopolis, Alabama (d. 1999)
  • Sep 12 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), born in Kaunas, Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • Sep 14 Ernest Nash, German-American photographer and archaeologist, born in Nowawes, Germany (d. 1974)
  • Sep 15 John J Slauerhoff, Dutch ship's doctor/writer/poet (El Dorado)
  • Sep 16 H. A. Rey, American children's author and creator of "Curious George", born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Sep 19 Giuseppe Saragat, 5th President of Italy (1964-71), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Sep 21 Tushar Kanti Ghosh, Indian journalist and world's oldest and longest serving newspaper editor
  • Sep 24 Charlotte van Pallandt, Dutch sculptress, born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1997)

Person of interestHoward Florey

Sep 24 Howard Florey, Australian pathologist and pharmacologist who purified penicillin (Nobel 1945), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 1968)

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • Sep 25 Robert Brackman, American artist, born in Odes'ka Oblast, Ukraine (d. 1980)
  • Sep 28 Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • Sep 29 Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biologist and agronomist, born in Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1976)
  • Sep 30 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German Finnish masseuse (masseuse to Heinrich Himmler who helped save people from Nazi persecution), born in Tartu, Imperial Russia (d. 1960)
  • Sep 30 Princess Charlotte of Monaco, illegitimate daughter of Louis II and mother of Prince Rainier III born in Constantine, French Algeria (d. 1977)
  • Oct 10 Lilly Daché, French-American milliner and fashion designer, born in Bègles, France (d. 1989)
  • Oct 16 Arthur H Dean, lawyer/advisor to FDR
  • Oct 16 William O Douglas, Maine, 81st Supreme Court justice (1939-75)
  • Oct 17 Mildred Knopf, cookbook writer
  • Oct 17 Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer/poet (5th Seal)
  • Oct 21 Amedeo duke of Aosta, viceroy of Ethiopia/gov-gen of Italian East-Africa
  • Oct 22 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • Oct 25 Sidney James van den Bergh, Dutch businessman and politician, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Oct 31 Alfred Sauvy, French statistician (Affluence & Population), born in Villeneuve-de-la-Raho, France (d. 1990)
  • Nov 7 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, born in Saloniki, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • Nov 9 Owen Barfield, British philosopher of language, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Nov 9 Leonard Carmichael, American Psychologist and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1953-64), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1973)
  • Nov 11 Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle, German Jesuit priest and Buddhism Zen teacher, born in Nieheim, Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1990)
  • Nov 12 Abraham J D van Oosten, Dutch poet/author (His Master's Voice)
  • Nov 15 Willy Alfredo [Willem Jue], Dutch entertainer/poet (Fish-Trap)
  • Nov 18 Joris Ivens, Dutch director (A Tale of the Wind, Rain), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1989)
  • Nov 19 Arthur R. von Hippel, German physicist (pioneer in the study of dielectrics, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric materials, and semiconductors and was a codeveloper of radar during World War II), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Nov 21 René Magritte, Belgian surrealist painter (This is Not a Pipe), born in Lessines, Belgium (d. 1967)

Person of interestWiley Post

Nov 22 Wiley Post, American aviator (1st solo flight around the world), born in Corinth, Van Zandt County, Texas (d. 1935)

Aviator Wiley Post
Aviator
Wiley Post

Person of interestKarl Ziegler

Nov 26 Karl Ziegler, German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), born in Helsa, German Empire (d. 1973)

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • Nov 27 Fredric Warburg, British publisher (Animal Farm) and author, born in Paddington, London (d. 1981)

Person of interestC. S. Lewis

Nov 29 C. S. Lewis [Clive Staples], British sci-fi author (Silver Chair), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1963)

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • Dec 2 Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I flying ace, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1918)
  • Dec 5 Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan, born in Malihabad, North-Western Provinces, British India (d. 1982)
  • Dec 6 Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-American photojournalist (V-J Day in Times Square), born in Dirschau, West Prussia, German Empire (d. 1995)
  • Dec 6 Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish sociologist and economist (Nobel 1974), born in Gagnef, Sweden (d. 1987)
  • Dec 9 Emmett Kelly, American circus clown (Weary Willie), born in Sedan, Kansas (d. 1979)
  • Dec 10 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • Dec 10 Yuri Nikolayevich Libedinski, Ukrainian writer (Birth of Hero), born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1959)
  • Dec 11 Nils Johan Einar Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn), born in Karlstad, Sweden (d. 1961)
  • Dec 18 Jacob Kruijt, Dutch sociologist
  • Dec 21 Ira S. Bowen, American physicist & astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), born in Seneca Falls, New York (d. 1973)
  • Dec 22 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • Dec 22 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Soviet physicist, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1974)
  • Dec 25 Theo Swagemakers, Dutch portrait painter
  • Dec 28 Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)
  • Dec 28 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History