On This Day

1899 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Dec 2 Philippine–American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • Dec 4 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • Dec 4 Webb Hayes, son of US President Rutherford Hayes, receives medal of honor
  • Dec 9 Boer War: During Siege of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • Dec 10 -15] British "Black Week" due to defeats in South Africa
  • Dec 10 Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs British army
  • Dec 10 Delta Sigma Phi fraternity founded at City College of New York, to spread "the principles of friendship and brotherhood among college men, without respect to race or creed."
  • Dec 12 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
  • Dec 15 Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army)
  • Dec 18 Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British supreme commander in South Africa
  • Dec 23 British Field Marshal Lord Roberts departs Southampton for South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • Dec 23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • Dec 25 Shelling on besieged Ladysmith during the Boer War includes one shell containing a plum pudding
  • Dec 26 Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
  • Dec 29 British fleet seizes German Imperial Mail Steamer Bundesrath accused of carrying contraband

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 23 Gustav Heinemann, President of West Germany (1969-74), born in Schwelm, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1976)
  • Jul 26 Carel C. van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art), born in Amsterdam (d. 1963)
  • Jul 26 Danton Walker, American columnist (Broadway Spotlight), born in Mariette, Georgia (d. 1960)
  • Jul 30 Harry Moorman, Dutch vice-admiral (KVP), born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Aug 2 George Malcolm Thomson, British journalist, born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Aug 4 Ezra Taft Benson, 13th President of Latter-day Saints and US Secretary of Agriculture, born in Whitney, Idaho (d. 1994)
  • Aug 9 Armand Salacrou, French playwright, born in Rouen, France (d. 1989)
  • Aug 9 P.L. [Pamela Lyndon] Travers, Australian British writer (Mary Poppins), born in Maryborough, Australia (d. 1996)
  • Aug 12 Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)
  • Aug 19 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), widely used as a disinfectant to sterilize wounds and burns, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • Aug 20 Hanns Lilje, German Lutheran bishop and antifascist (Church und Welt), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1977)
  • Aug 24 Johan Fabricius, Dutch novelist (Island of Demons), born in Bandung, Java, Indonesia (d. 1981)

Person of interestJorge Luis Borges

Aug 24 Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine writer of fiction and essays (Labyrinths), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1986)

  • Aug 24 Ruth Schaumann, German painter, writer and sculptor (Rose, Black King), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Aug 26 Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter
  • Aug 27 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • Aug 29 Lyman Lemnitzer, United States Army Marine Corps general (WWII), born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania (d. 1988)
  • Aug 31 Paul E Garber, American founder/1st curator of National Air & Space Museum, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 1992)
  • Sep 3 Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Australian virologist (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for tissue grafting), born in Traralgon, Victoria (d. 1985)
  • Sep 6 Billy Rose [William Samuel Rosenberg], American theatrical producer (Diamond Horse Show), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • Sep 7 Leendert Antonie Donker, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA), born in Almkerk, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Sep 9 Brassaï [Gyula Halász], Hungarian-French artist, born in Brassó, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
  • Sep 12 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect and painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • Sep 13 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist and writer, born in Brouwershaven, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • Sep 13 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), born in Huși, Vaslui County, Romania (d. 1938)
  • Sep 15 Milton S Eisenhower, Dwight's brother/pres (Pennsylvania State)
  • Sep 17 Winnie Lightner, American comedienne (Sit Tight, Side Show), born in Greenport, New York (d. 1971)
  • Sep 20 Elliott Nugent, American director (And So They Were Married), born in Dover, Ohio (d. 1980)
  • Sep 20 Leo Strauss, German-American political philosopher, born in Kirchhain, Hesse-Nassau, German Empire (d. 1973)
  • Sep 21 Luc Haesaerts, Flemish art critic (Flandre), born in Antwerp (d. 1962)
  • Sep 21 Frederick Coutts, Scottish 8th General of The Salvation Army, born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1986)
  • Sep 23 Louise Nevelson, sculptor (Sky Cathedral), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • Sep 24 William Dobell, Australian portrait artist, born in Cooks Hill, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1970)
  • Sep 29 Billy Butlin, South Africa, holiday camp promoter
  • Sep 29 Jolie Gabor, mother of Magda, Zsa Zsa, & Eva
  • Sep 29 Lásló Jósef Bíró, Hungarian inventor (ballpoint pen), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1985)
  • Sep 30 Hendrik Marsman, Dutch poet, writer and critic, born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • Oct 1 Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
  • Oct 5 George, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Oct 8 Milner Gray, British graphic designer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • Oct 8 Pandit Rambharos Gangaram Panday, Suriname relig leader/co-found (VHP)
  • Oct 9 Bruce Catton, American historian and writer (Civil War), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1978)

Person of interestMiguel Ángel Asturias

Oct 19 Miguel Ángel Asturias, Guatemalan novelist (Hombres de Maiz, Nobel 67), journalist and poet, born in Guatemala City (d. 1974)

Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist Miguel Ángel Asturias
Nobel Prize winning Novelist and Journalist
Miguel Ángel Asturias
  • Oct 20 Evelyn Brent, American actress (Panama Lady, Last Command), born in Tampa, Florida (d. 1975)
  • Oct 20 Marnix Gijsen [baron Jan-Albert Goris], Flemish writer (Grote God Pan)
  • Oct 24 Ferhat Abbas, Algerian politician and President of the National Constituent Assembly of Algeria (1962-63), born in Taher, Algeria (d. 1985)
  • Oct 30 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch SS officer and founder (NSNAP), born in Banyumas Regency, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1953)
  • Nov 2 Edgar du Perron, Dutch author and poet (Land of Origin), born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • Nov 3 Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist, born in Birzula, Russian Empire (d. 1986)
  • Nov 13 Martin Bodmer, Swiss Bibliophile and scholar (Bodmer Papyri), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1971)
  • Nov 15 Avdy Andresson, Estonian statesman (d. 1990)
  • Nov 15 Iskander Mirza, first President of Pakistan (d. 1969)
  • Nov 16 Mary Margaret McBride, American radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC), born in Paris, Missouri (d. 1976)
  • Nov 17 Roger Vitrac, French poet/dramatist (Coup of Trafalgar)
  • Nov 18 Howard Thurman, African-American theologian and author (Deep River, Deep is the Hunger), born in Daytona Beach, Florida (d. 1981)
  • Nov 19 Allen Tate, American poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 1979)
  • Nov 19 Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei, Iranian influential Shia Islamic scholar, born in Khoy, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran (d. 1992)
  • Nov 23 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • Nov 24 Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (d. 1966)
  • Nov 25 W. R. Burnett, American author (Little Caesar), born in Springfield, Ohio (d. 1982)
  • Nov 26 Bruno Hauptmann, German kidnapper of Charles Augustus Lindbergh III, born in Kamenz, Saxony, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Nov 29 Andrija Artuković, Croatian war criminal (d. 1988)
  • Dec 1 Robert W. Welch Jr., American businessman who founded the conservative John Birch Society, born in Chowan County, North Carolina (d. 1985)
  • Dec 3 Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (1960-64), born in Takehara, Hiroshima, Japan (d. 1965)
  • Dec 4 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, Frisian farmer and writer, born in Poppenwier, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Dec 6 Harry Buller Siege Willis, son of South Africa boer in Ladysmith
  • Dec 8 Sarah Williamson, US missionary in Liberia
  • Dec 9 Jean de Brunhoff, French children's book author (Babar the Elephant), born in Paris (d. 1937)
  • Dec 9 Léonie Adams, American poetess (Those not elected), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1988)
  • Dec 11 Vera von der Heydt, German psychoanalyst, born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • Dec 13 Harold Guinzburg, American publisher (founder of Literary Guild), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • Dec 16 Harold Walter Bailey, philologist
  • Dec 20 John Sparkman, American politician (Sen-D-Alabama 1946-79, Rep-D-Alabama 1937-46), born in Hartselle, Alabama (d. 1985)
  • Dec 25 Raphael Soyer, Russian-born american artist (Depression Scenes in NYC), born in Borisoglebsk, Tambov (d. 1987)
  • Dec 29 Nie Rongzhen, People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff, born in Chongqing, China (d. 1992)
  • Dec 30 Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (d. 2001)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History