On This Day

April 1900 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
  • Apr 2 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)

MurderAssassination Attempt

Apr 4 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • Apr 4 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • Apr 5 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

  • Apr 12 The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
  • Apr 14 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
  • Apr 15 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens (till 12th Nov)
  • Apr 15 An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
  • Apr 16 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • Apr 17 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
  • Apr 23 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • Apr 30 The "Hawaiian Organic Act" is enacted by US Congress making Hawaii a US territory
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones dies heroically in a train wreck at Vaughn, Mississippi, while driving Cannonball Express (immortalized in"Ballad of Casey Jones")

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • Apr 6 Leo Robin, American writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, born in Les Bons Villers, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • Apr 11 Sándor Márai, Hungarian writer (A gyertyák csonkig égnek), born in Kassa, Hungary (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • Apr 19 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), born in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud"), born in Franeker, Friesland (d. 1992)
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, French politician and secretary-general (French Communist Party), born in Noyelles-Godault, Pas-de-Calais, France (d. 1964)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 5 Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
  • Apr 7 Frederick Edwin Church, American romantic landscape painter (Hudson River Sch), dies at 73
  • Apr 11 Seth Barton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • Apr 20 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, dies at 68
  • Apr 24 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, dies at 36 heroically in Cannonball Express train wreck