On This Day

August 1900 in History

Events in History

Historic Publication

Aug 1 The 1st Michelin Guide is published by the brothers Édouard and André Michelin as a hotel and restaurant reference guide to encourage more road travel and thus boost tire sales (exact date beyond Aug 1900 unknown)

Historic Event

Aug 3 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company founded

  • Aug 4 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • Aug 5 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • Aug 7 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • Aug 14 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • Aug 15 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • Aug 15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • Aug 20 Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling.
  • Aug 23 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)

Victory in Battle

Aug 27 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha

  • Aug 29 Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment; he will commit suicide in jail on 22 May 1901
  • Aug 30 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • Aug 31 British troops over run Johannesburg

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 3 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize, 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

John T. Scopes

Aug 3 John T. Scopes, American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), born in Paducah, Kentucky (d. 1970)

  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

Aug 4 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1964)

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Aug 18 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (rocket engines and gas turbines), born in Wedel, Germany (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • Aug 30 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (Lutheran World Relief), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1943)

Weddings in History

Edward L. Doheny

Aug 22 Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory

Deaths in History

  • Aug 4 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • Aug 5 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • Aug 6 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), dies at 74

Thomas Elkins

Aug 10 Thomas Elkins, African American abolitionist and inventor who held patents for a type of furniture called the chamber commode and the Refrigerating Apparatus, dies at around 82 [1]

  • Aug 12 James Edward Keeler, American astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42

Collis P. Huntington

Aug 13 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), dies at 78

  • Aug 16 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer, dies at 54
  • Aug 25 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese diplomat and politician (2nd Prime Minister of Japan, 1888-1889; President of the Privy Council, 1894-90), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 59

Friedrich Nietzsche

Aug 25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies of a stroke due to syphilis at 55

  • Aug 28 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies at 62