On This Day

June 1900 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 1 British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa
  • Jun 5 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • Jun 6 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • Jun 6 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • Jun 7 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • Jun 9 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege
  • Jun 10 In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking
  • Jun 11 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha

Historic Event

Jun 11 David Beatty and 150 men from HMS Barfleur land as part of a force of 2,400 defending Tientsin from 15,000 Chinese troops plus Boxers

  • Jun 12 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • Jun 13 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night
  • Jun 14 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy
  • Jun 14 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • Jun 16 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • Jun 18 Empress Dowager Cixi orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • Jun 18 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy

Presidential Convention

Jun 19 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

  • Jun 20 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • Jun 20 Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • Jun 21 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • Jun 22 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • Jun 23 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • Jun 23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • Jun 24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • Jun 25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • Jun 25 Dunhuang manuscripts, including the Diamond Sutra, world's oldest surviving dated book, discovered by Daoist monk Wang Yuanlu in the Mogao Caves, China
  • Jun 26 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • Jun 26 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • Jun 26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • Jun 29 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against foreigners in China blaming them for hostilities and giving license to the Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • Jun 30 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks in New Jersey, 326 die

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 3 Gerard den Brabander [Jan G Jofriet], Dutch poet (Nothing New) (d. 1968)

Dennis Gabor

Jun 5 Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1979)

  • Jun 6 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, born in Nadvorna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Jan Engelman, Dutch poet, translator and critic (Garden of Eros), born in Utrecht, the Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jun 8 H. J. Friedericy, Dutch author (Last General), born in Stadskanaal, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Jun 9 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer and pilot, born in Astène, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Jun 10 Henri Bruning, Dutch poet and literary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • Jun 11 Lawrence E. Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1994)
  • Jun 12 Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Sonna), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1955)
  • Jun 15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16 Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)

Martin Bormann

Jun 17 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), born in Wegeleben, Germany (d. 1945)

  • Jun 24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)

Lord Mountbatten

Jun 25 Louis Mountbatten, British naval officer and statesman, last Viceroy of India (1947), born in Windsor, England (d. 1979)

  • Jun 26 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Jun 27 Otto Passman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana (1947-77), born in Franklinton, Washington Parish Louisiana (d. 1988)
  • Jun 28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham), born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1962)
  • Jun 29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), born in Lyon, France (d. 1944)

Deaths in History

  • Jun 2 Samori Ture, Muslim leader of the Wassoulou Empire (1878-98), dies in captivity at 69 or 70
  • Jun 3 Mary Kingsley, English ethnographer and explorer who became the first European to enter parts of Gabon, Africa, dies of typhoid at 37

Stephen Crane

Jun 5 Stephen Crane, American novelist (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28

  • Jun 9 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, dies in jail awaiting trial at 24
  • Jun 29 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)