On This Day

May 1900 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

  • May 8 John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
  • May 12 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • May 12 Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • May 17 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • May 17 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed
  • May 17 "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is first published by L. Frank Baum with illustrations by William Wallace Denslow in Chicago
  • May 18 Britain proclaims protectorate over Kingdom of Tonga
  • May 19 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) linking Italy and Switzerland opens
  • May 22 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • May 23 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • May 23 William Harvey Carney becomes the first African-American soldier awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in the Civil War at the Battle of Fort Wagner
  • May 26 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 27 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 28 Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
  • May 28 Total solar eclipse occurs
  • May 28 In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work
  • May 28 Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British
  • May 29 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
  • May 31 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • May 31 Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • May 31 US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion

Birthdays in History

  • May 1 Ignazio Silone, Italian novelist (Fontamara, Pane e vino), born in Pescina, Italy (d. 1978)
  • May 5 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • May 7 Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979)
  • May 12 Helene Weigel, Austrian-German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • May 13 Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • May 14 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 14 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 18 Sarah Miriam Peale, American portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)
  • May 20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle, born in Calais, France (d. 1979)

Person of interestHans Frank

May 23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (occupied Poland) who was executed at Nuremberg, born in Karlsruhe, Baden, German Empire (d. 1946)

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank
  • May 25 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (Né à Québec: Louis Jolliet), born in Saint-Casimir, Quebec (d. 1975)
  • May 27 Uładzimir Žyłka, Belarusian poet, born in Makaszy, Nesvizh, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • May 31 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)

Deaths in History

  • May 4 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist, dies at 73
  • May 5 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • May 18 Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher, dies at 86
  • May 28 George Grove, English biblical scholar and misicographer, dies at 79
  • May 31 James Loudon, Dutch politician, Governor-General of Dutch East Indies (1872-75), dies at 75
  • May 31 John Power, Irish baronet and whiskey manufacturer (Powers Whiskey), dies in battle