On This Day

October 1900 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 4 In a final confrontation, around 4,000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Oct 6 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • Oct 7 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • Oct 9 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • Oct 10 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • Oct 10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Historic Event

Oct 12 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S. Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

  • Oct 16 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State
  • Oct 17 Bernhard von Bülow becomes German Chancellor
  • Oct 18 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • Oct 19 Painter Henry O Tanner wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition

Historic Event

Oct 19 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe

  • Oct 24 General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • Oct 25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony

Birthdays in History

Coco the Clown

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Thomas Wolfe

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1938)

Heinrich Himmler

Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect (Shute House), born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, Russian-British architect and designer, born in Grozny, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, American politician (Senator-(R&D)-Oregon 1945-69), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1974)
  • Oct 22 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 2 Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern

Deaths in History

  • Oct 14 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter and etcher, dies at 56
  • Oct 20 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (As We Go), dies at 70
  • Oct 20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, dies at 54
  • Oct 28 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, dies at 76 (b. 1823)