On This Day

1900 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 235

  • Jun 1 British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa
  • Jun 5 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • Jun 6 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • Jun 6 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • Jun 7 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • Jun 9 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
  • Jun 10 In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking
  • Jun 11 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 David Beatty and 150 men from HMS Barfleur land as part of a force of 2,400 defending Tientsin from 15,000 Chinese troops plus Boxers

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Jun 12 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • Jun 13 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night
  • Jun 14 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy
  • Jun 14 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • Jun 16 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • Jun 18 Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • Jun 18 General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 19 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 20 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • Jun 20 Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • Jun 21 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • Jun 22 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • Jun 23 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • Jun 23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • Jun 24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • Jun 25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • Jun 25 Dunhuang manuscripts, including the Diamond Sutra, world's oldest surviving dated book, discovered by Daoist monk Wang Yuanlu in the Mogao Caves, China
  • Jun 26 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • Jun 26 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • Jun 26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • Jun 29 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • Jun 30 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 3 Trying to stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war
  • Jul 4 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber

  • Jul 9 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
  • Jul 12 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jul 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • Jul 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci
  • Jul 30 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Aug 1 The 1st Michelin Guide is published by the brothers Édouard and André Michelin as a hotel and restaurant reference guide to encourage more road travel and thus boost tire sales (exact date beyond Aug 1900 unknown) [1]

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company founded

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Aug 4 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • Aug 5 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country
  • Aug 7 Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • Aug 14 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • Aug 15 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion
  • Aug 15 Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria
  • Aug 20 Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling.
  • Aug 23 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 27 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha

1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • Aug 29 Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment; he will commit suicide in jail on 22 May 1901
  • Aug 30 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • Aug 31 British troops over run Johannesburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Cumann na nGaedheal (Irish Council) founded by Arthur Griffith in order to promote a buy Irish campaign

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith
  • Sep 2 Telegraph use between Germany & US begins
  • Sep 2 A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule
  • Sep 3 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • Sep 3 Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary
  • Sep 5 France proclaims a protectorate over Chad
  • Sep 6 British General Buller occupies Lydenburg, South Africa
  • Sep 8 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
  • Sep 10 20.3 cm rainfall at Elk Point, South Dakota (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • Sep 13 Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine–American War.
  • Sep 14 There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels.
  • Sep 15 A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa
  • Sep 17 Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
  • Sep 17 Philippine–American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • Sep 17 USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
  • Sep 27 Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 4 In a final confrontation, around 4,000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Oct 6 Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony)
  • Oct 7 The term "orienteering" is first used for an event
  • Oct 9 8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • Oct 10 Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising
  • Oct 10 In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S. Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

  • Oct 16 Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State
  • Oct 17 Bernhard von Bülow becomes German Chancellor
  • Oct 18 Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire
  • Oct 19 Painter Henry O Tanner wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • Oct 19 South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger departs for Europe
  • Oct 24 General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • Oct 25 Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony
  • Oct 31 AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace
  • Nov 3 First US automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC)
  • Nov 5 Under US military control since the end of the Spanish–American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention
  • Nov 6 Battle at Bothaville: Major General Charles Knox beats Boers

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 186 of 186

  • Jul 13 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald [née Sayre], American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1948)
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist (Return to Ithaca), Nobel Prize (1974), born in Svartbjörnsbyn (d. 1976)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, American pollster (Roper Poll), born in Hebron, Nebraska (d. 1971)
  • Aug 3 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

Person of interestJohn T. Scopes

Aug 3 John T. Scopes, American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), born in Paducah, Kentucky (d. 1970)

Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution John T. Scopes
Teacher Convicted for Teaching Evolution
John T. Scopes
  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66), born in Pergamino, Argentina (d. 1983)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Person of interestQueen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

Aug 4 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1964)

Person of interestVijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Aug 18 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), born in Altona, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • Aug 30 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (Lutheran World Relief), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist, born in Carrara, Italy (d. 1943)
  • Sep 1 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
  • Sep 3 Urho Kekkonen, 8th President of Finland (1956-81), born in Pielavesi, Finland (d. 1986)
  • Sep 4 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, born in Nieuwe-Tonge, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Sep 6 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • Sep 6 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician, born in New Brunswick, Canada (d. 1979)
  • Sep 7 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • Sep 8 Claude Pepper, American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1963-89), born in Dudleyville, Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1989)
  • Sep 9 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • Sep 11 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman, born in Royston, Georgia (d. 1999)
  • Sep 15 Larry Kent, CA, director (High Stakes)
  • Sep 17 J. Willard Marriott, American entrepreneur and hotelier (founder of Marriott Corporation), born in Marriott Settlement, Utah (d. 1985)
  • Sep 20 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazilian military leader and 26th President of Brazil (1964-67), born in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • Sep 24 Ham Fisher, American comic strip writer and cartoonist (Joe Palooka), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • Sep 29 Miguel Alemán Valdés, Mexican attorney and President of Mexico (1946-52), born in Sayula, Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Sep 30 Otto Roesch, paleontologist

Person of interestCoco the Clown

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Person of interestThomas Wolfe

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe

Person of interestHeinrich Himmler

Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi and head of the Gestapo, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, Russian-British architect and designer, born in Grozny, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • Oct 22 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1949)
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, Russian-English teacher of Salvonic languages, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1996)
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abboud, 1st President and 4th Prime Minister of Sudan (1958-64), born in Suakin, Sudan (d. 1983)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), born in Helsinge, Finland (d. 1991)
  • Nov 4 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist, born in Bacău, Romania (d. 1954)
  • Nov 5 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 1972)

Person of interestMargaret Mitchell

Nov 8 Margaret Mitchell, American author (Gone With the Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1949)

  • Nov 8 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology, born in Küsnacht, Switzerland (d. 1988)
  • Nov 11 Hugh Scott, American lawyer and politician (Senate Minority Leader 1969-77), born in Fredericksburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • Nov 14 Clara Fasano, sculptor
  • Nov 18 Constantin Alajalov, Armenian-American artist (Ditters & Jitters), born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia (d. 1987)
  • Nov 18 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1982)
  • Nov 19 Anna Seghers [Netty Reiling], German author (The 7th Cross), born in Mainz, Germany (d. 1983)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1980)
  • Nov 20 Chester Gould, American cartoonist (Dick Tracy), born in Pawnee, Oklahoma (d. 1985)
  • Nov 22 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and writer (The White Lanes of Summer), born in Capel Bangor, Dyfed, Wales (d. 1980)
  • Nov 25 Rudolf Höss, German commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, born in Baden-Baden, German Empire (d. 1947)
  • Nov 30 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • Dec 3 Richard Kuhn, Austrian-German biochemist (Nobel 1938-work on carotenoids and vitamins), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1967)
  • Dec 3 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide, born in Zermatt, Valais (d. 2004)
  • Dec 8 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War), born in Jinnu, Lujiang, Chaohu, Anhui, Qing dynasty (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Dec 15 Francesco Messina, Italian sculptor, born in Linguaglossa, Italy (d. 1995)
  • Dec 16 Victor S Pritchett, literary critic/author (Myth Makers)
  • Dec 17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician, born in Aynho, United Kingdom (d. 1998)
  • Dec 21 Oda Schaefer, German writer & journalist (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only), born in Wilmersdorf, Berlin
  • Dec 21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • Dec 23 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • Dec 24 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician (Premier of Newfoundland), born in (d. 1991)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History