On This Day

1901 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • Jan 8 New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • Jan 9 New South Wales (918) defeat South Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • Jan 10 Oil discovered at Spindletop, Beaumont, marking the start of the Texas oil boom (gusher age)

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jan 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 21 Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in NYC

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Playwright
Clyde Fitch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • Jan 24 Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children
  • Jan 24 Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917
  • Jan 31 Boer generals Jan Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river, Transvaal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • Jan 31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, dissolved on September 7, 1900, by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections sees the defeat of extremists
  • Feb 2 Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization

UKQueen Victoria's Funeral

Feb 2 Queen Victoria's funeral takes place in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

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The funeral cortege of Queen Victoria outside St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on February 2, 1901
The funeral cortege of Queen Victoria outside St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle on February 2, 1901
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  • Feb 2 Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed
  • Feb 2 The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000

  • Feb 3 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform

Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
  • Feb 5 Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
  • Feb 5 Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp
  • Feb 12 Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
  • Feb 18 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 20 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
  • Feb 21 In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25 US Steel Corporation organized under J. P. Morgan, Sr.

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 26 British General Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
1st Prime Minister of South Africa Louis Botha
1st Prime Minister of South Africa
Louis Botha
  • Feb 27 NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
  • Feb 27 A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • Mar 2 Hawaii's first telegraph company opens
  • Mar 2 United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
  • Mar 4 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)

<b>President Inaugurated</b>President Inaugurated

Mar 4 William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore Roosevelt serves as Vice President

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Mar 4 Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

  • Mar 12 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
  • Mar 14 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with Great Britain in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • Mar 17 Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

  • Mar 23 Dame Nellie Melba reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • Mar 25 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa
  • Mar 29 Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia's first parliamentary election
  • Apr 5 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • Apr 7 SDAP demands general voting right, abolishing First Chamber
  • Apr 15 1st British motorized burial
  • Apr 15 Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe

Philippine <b>Revolution</b>Philippine Revolution

Apr 19 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Apr 24 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
  • Apr 25 New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee)
  • Apr 29 Antisemitic riot in Budapest
  • May 1 Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
  • May 3 Fire destroys 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
  • May 8 In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
  • May 8 A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899

AustraliaFirst Australian Parliament

May 9 The first Australian Parliament opens in Melbourne, though the first working session will not be until 21 May

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Federal Labor Party MPs elected to the Australian House of Representatives and Senate at the first 1901 election
Federal Labor Party MPs elected to the Australian House of Representatives and Senate at the first 1901 election
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  • May 9 A financial panic begins in the USA following the struggle between two groups to control the railroads between the Great Lakes and the Pacific
  • May 12 US President McKinley visits San Francisco
  • May 23 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
  • May 23 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
  • May 24 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales
  • May 28 Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • May 30 Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
  • May 31 At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected
  • Jun 11 Cook Islands annexed and proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • Jun 12 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • Jun 17 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT
  • Jun 20 Charlotte Maxeke becomes the first native African to graduate from a US college (Wilberforce University in Ohio)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 24 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso aged 19, opens in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • Jun 24 Jewish National Fund starts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jul 12 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • Jul 12 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • Jul 15 NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • Jul 16 The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 20 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • Jul 22 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • Jul 22 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case

The Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short LifeThe Story of Writer O. Henry’s Short Life

Jul 24 Writer O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank

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The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in 2012 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the birth of William Porter
The U.S. Postal Service issued a stamp in 2012 commemorating the 150th anniversary of the birth of William Porter
Read Article
  • Jul 25 Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 31 Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
  • Aug 1 Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
  • Aug 6 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation
  • Aug 9 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • Aug 12 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • Aug 14 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • Aug 14 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • Aug 15 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • Aug 15 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • Aug 17 The Royal Titles Act adds the words 'and the British Dominions beyond the Seas' to the monarch's style
  • Aug 20 The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • Aug 22 Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
  • Aug 30 English engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patents the powered vacuum cleaner
  • Sep 1 Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Sep 3 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • Sep 6 US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York
  • Sep 7 Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
  • Sep 12 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Christine Wttewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch politician (CDD)
  • Jan 2 Robert "Bob" Marshall, American forester, wilderness activist and co-founder of the Wilderness Society, born in NYC, New York (d. 1939)
  • Jan 3 Eric Voegelin, German American philosopher (Order & History), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1985)

Person of interestNgô Đình Diệm

Jan 3 Ngô Đình Diệm, President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), born in Quảng Bình, French Indochina (d. 1963)

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • Jan 4 C. L. R. James, writer and journalist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 Henri Honoré d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter, born in Verrières-le-Buisson, France (d. 1941)
  • Jan 5 Mario Scelba, Italian politician (Prime Minister 1954-55), born in Caltagirone, Italy (d. 1991)
  • Jan 8 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), born in Ohain, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • Jan 9 Chic Young, American cartoonist (Blondie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1973)
  • Jan 11 Andries D Copier, Dutch glass manufacturer (Gildeglass)
  • Jan 11 Kwon Ki-ok, Korean pilot (d. 1988)
  • Jan 13 A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • Jan 13 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • Jan 14 Carlos P. Romulo, Philippine diplomat & statesman, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1985)

Person of interestFulgencio Batista

Jan 16 Fulgencio Batista, Dictator and President of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59), born in Banes, Cuba (d. 1973)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Jan 16 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • Jan 17 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • Jan 18 Arie Querido, Dutch social psychiatrist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Jan 18 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician, born in Sevsk, Russia (d. 1973)
  • Jan 23 Benno Stokvis, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Jan 29 Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected commercial practical cathode ray tube)
  • Jan 30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • Jan 31 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, born in Slochteren (d. 1943)
  • Jan 31 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer
  • Feb 7 Bob den Doolaard [Cornelis Spoelstra], Dutch writer (Grape Pickers)
  • Feb 11 Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
  • Feb 15 Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
  • Feb 15 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • Feb 15 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
  • Feb 19 Cor[nelis RJ] Kieboom, Dutch resistance fighter/chairman (Feyenoord)
  • Feb 20 Ali Muhammad Naguib, Khartoum, president of Egypt (1952-54)
  • Feb 20 Cecil H King, Irish/British daily newspaper publisher (Daily Mirror)
  • Feb 20 Henry Eyring, Mexican/US chemist
  • Feb 20 Louis I Kahn, Estonia, architect (Bryn Mawr dormitory) [or Dec 20]
  • Feb 20 René Jules Dubos, French US microbiologist/author (Health & Disease)
  • Feb 22 Charles E Whittaker, Kansas, US Supreme Court justice (1957-62)
  • Feb 23 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
  • Feb 23 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • Feb 27 Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter

Person of interestLinus Pauling

Feb 28 Linus Pauling, American chemist and peace activist (Nobel 1954, 1962), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1994)

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • Feb 28 Rudolf W. Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen)
  • Mar 2 Willem Bruynzeel, Dutch timber-merchant
  • Mar 4 Charles H Goren, bridge master (26 US Titles)
  • Mar 4 Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937)
  • Mar 5 Julian Przybos, Polish poet (Sruby)
  • Mar 6 Mark Donskoy, Odessa Russia, director (Heart of a Mother)
  • Mar 16 Potti Sreeramulu, Indian revolutionary known as the Father of Andhra for conducting a 56 day hunger strike in support of a separate Telugu-speaking state, born in Nellore District, Madras, British India (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17 Eisaku Sato, premier of Japan (Nobel 1974)
  • Mar 18 William H. Johnson, African-American artist of the Harlem Renaissance (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • Mar 19 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • Mar 21 Richard Leslie Hill, historian
  • Mar 21 Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • Mar 22 Greta Kempton, American artist (d. 1991)
  • Mar 23 Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
  • Mar 24 Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 27 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician, leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (1952-63), born in Madgeburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • Mar 27 Satō Eisaku, Japanese Prime Minister (1964-72), (Nobel 1974), born in Tabuse, Japan (d. 1975)
  • Mar 29 Uuno Kailas, Finnish poet, born in Heinola, Finland (d. 1933)
  • Mar 29 Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (The Tomb in the Rainforest), born in Muo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • Mar 30 Haj Ali Razmara, 33rd Prime Minister of Iran (1950-51), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1951)
  • Apr 1 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • Apr 5 Alexander Alexeieff, Russian-French painter and graphic artist, born in Kazan, Russia (d. 1982)
  • Apr 5 Chester Bowles, American ambassador and writer (Conscience of a Liberal), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1986)
  • Apr 6 Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • Apr 11 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer and manufacturer (typewriter), born in Ivrea, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Apr 11 Glenway Wescott, American writer (Apartment in Athens), born in Kewaskum, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • Apr 12 Lowell Stockman, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon, born in Helix, Oregon (d. 1962)
  • Apr 13 René Pleven, Prime Minister of France (1950-51, 5152), born in Rennes, France (d. 1993)
  • Apr 13 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist, born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • Apr 14 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • Apr 17 George Keyt, Sri Lankan painter, born in Ceylon (d. 1993)
  • Apr 20 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist, born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • Apr 23 E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist, born in Dalton-in-Furness, Lancashire (d. 1988)
  • Apr 29 G. O. Sayles, English historian, born in Chesterfield, England (d. 1994)

Person of interestHirohito

Apr 29 Hirohito, 124th Emperor of Japan (1926-89), born in Aoyama Palace, Tokyo (d. 1989)

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Hirohito
  • Apr 30 Simon Kuznets, American economist (Nobel 1971), born in Pinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • May 1 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1945)
  • May 2 Lev Lunts, Russian writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth), born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1924)
  • May 2 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)
  • May 7 Lowell T. Coggeshall, American medical scientist and US Secretary of HEW (1956-58), born in Saratoga, Indiana (d. 1987)
  • May 10 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • May 11 Mari Sandoz, Nebraska, author (Cheyenne Autumn)

Person of interestWitold Pilecki

May 13 Witold Pilecki, Polish WWII resistance fighter (volunteered to go to Auschwitz, Witold's Report), born in Olonets, Russian Empire

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • May 14 Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)
  • May 15 Xavier Herbert, Australian author (d. 1984)
  • May 18 Vincent du Vigneaud, US biochemist
  • May 21 Suzanne Lilar [Verbist], France/Belgian writer (Le burlador)
  • May 22 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • May 27 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), born in McFarland, Wisconsin (d. 1962)
  • May 30 Cornelia Otis Skinner, Chic, writer (When Our Hearts Were Young & Gay)

Person of interestAnastasia Nikolaevna

Jun 5 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Daughter of the last Russian Tsar, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna

Person of interestSukarno

Jun 6 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), born in Surabaya, Java (d. 1970)

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Jun 8 Lena Baker, American murderer, convicted of capital murder of her employer, Ernest Knight, born in Cuthbert, Georgia (d. 1945)
  • Jun 9 George Price, American cartoonist (The New Yorker), born in Fort Lee, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Jun 13 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), born in Antwerp (d. 1944)
  • Jun 13 Tage Erlander, Swedish politician (25th Prime Minister of Sweden 1946-69), born in Ransäter, Värmland County, Sweden (d. 1985)
  • Jun 20 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • Jun 22 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), South African poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch, born in Wolmaransstad, Transvaal
  • Jun 23 Mariel-Henri Jaspar, Belgian minister/ambassador

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 7 Queen Wilhelmina marries Prince Heinrich von Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 9 Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr (27) weds Abby Aldrich in Warwick Neck, Rhode Island

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Ignatius Donnelly, American politician & writer, dies at 69
  • Jan 7 James Dunwoody Bulloch, Confederacy's chief foreign agent in Great Britain during the American Civil War, dies at 77
  • Jan 8 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies during the Second Boer War at 27
  • Jan 9 Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • Jan 10 Sir James Dickson, Premier of Queensland, Australian Minister for Defence (b. 1832)
  • Jan 14 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), dies at 78
  • Jan 14 Mandell Creighton, British historian and a bishop of the Church of England, dies at 57
  • Jan 14 Victor Balaguer, Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76

Person of interestHiram R. Revels

Jan 16 Hiram R. Revels, American politician, 1st African American Senator, dies at 73

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • Jan 16 Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
  • Jan 17 Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist, dies at 87
  • Jan 19 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), dies at 79
  • Jan 20 Zénobe Gramme, Belgian engineer (Gramme dynamo), dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)

Person of interestQueen Victoria

Jan 22 Victoria [Alexandrine], Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901), dies at 81

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • Feb 11 Milan I, King of Serbia, dies at 56
  • Feb 12 Ramón de Campoamor y Campoosorio, Spanish poet (Colon), dies at 83
  • Feb 21 George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)
  • Feb 26 Chi-hsui, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • Feb 26 Hsu Cheng-yu, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • Mar 8 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German politician, dies at 64

Person of interestBenjamin Harrison

Mar 13 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Republican: 1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Mar 17 Franz Melde, German physicist (Melde Test), dies at 69
  • Apr 1 Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
  • Apr 19 Alfred Horatio Belo, American newswriter and businessman (b. 1839)
  • Apr 22 William Stubbs, English historian & Anglican bishop of Oxford, dies at 74
  • May 4 John Jones Ross, Canadian politician, 7th Premier of Quebec (1884-87), dies at 69
  • May 5 Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Parsi entrepreneur and founder of the first textile mills in India, dies at 77
  • May 13 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), dies at 49
  • May 19 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president of the Republic South Africa, dies at 81
  • May 22 Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (assassinated King Umberto I of Italy on July 29, 1900), dies at 31
  • May 30 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician, dies at 60
  • Jun 2 James A Herne [J Aherne], US playwright (Margaret Fleming), dies
  • Jun 2 George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
  • Jun 9 Walter Besant, English writer and philanthropist (Rebel Queen), dies at 64
  • Jun 10 Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • Jun 16 Herman Grimm, German writer, poet and historian, dies at 75
  • Jul 4 John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green], American historian and philosopher, dies at 59
  • Jul 4 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, dies at 55
  • Jul 6 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
  • Jul 7 Johanna Spyri, Swiss children's book author (Heidi), dies at 74
  • Jul 20 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (b. 1840)
  • Jul 30 Herbert Baxter Adams, American historian (American Historical Association), dies at 51
  • Aug 5 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, dies at 60
  • Aug 11 Francesco Crispi, Italian statesman, dies at 82
  • Aug 12 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer and mineralogist, dies at 68
  • Aug 15 Karl Weinhold, German sociologist (founder of Journal of the Association of Folklore), dies at 77
  • Aug 25 Clara Maass, American army nurse who sacrificed her life at 25 to prove that mosquitoes carry yellow fever. Her death put an end to yellow fever experiments on human beings.
  • Sep 5 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
  • Sep 9 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter, dies at 36
  • Sep 9 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, minister of Cologne dies

Person of interestWilliam McKinley

Sep 14 US President William McKinley, dies in Buffalo, after being shot 8 days earlier by anarchist, Leon Czolgosz

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Sep 25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • Oct 1 Abdur Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1880-1901)
  • Oct 2 Rudolph Koenig, German physicist, dies at 68
  • Oct 10 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), dies at 87
  • Oct 19 Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
  • Oct 21 James A. Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • Oct 23 Georg von Siemens, founder (Deutsche Bank), dies
  • Oct 29 Leon Czolcosz, assassin of President McKinley, is electrocuted
  • Oct 30 ... Opperman, South African Boer general (Spy), killed in battle
  • Oct 30 U Benson, British lt-col (Magers' fountain), killed in battle
  • Nov 6 Kate Greenaway, English artist known for her children's book illustrations (Under the Window), dies of breast cancer at 55
  • Nov 7 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli, dies
  • Nov 8 Mary Ann Bickerdyke, American army nurse (union), dies at 84
  • Nov 22 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), dies at 61
  • Nov 27 Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)
  • Nov 30 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86