December 1901 in History

Events in History

Historic Event

Dec 2 King C. Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

Explosive Background to the Nobel Prize

Dec 10 First Nobel Peace Prizes awarded to Red Cross founder Jean Henri Dunant and peace activist Frederic Passy

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

Radio Premiere

Dec 12 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

  • Dec 16 Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • Dec 24 Private companies allowed to use the word "postcard" in the US. Previously they were labelled "Private Mailing Cards" and known as "souvenir cards".
  • Dec 25 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • Dec 31 In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 5 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist and psychologist, born in Aurum, Nevada (d. 1980)

Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

Dec 5 German physicist who discovered the uncertainty principle (Nobel 1932), born in Würzburg, Germany

  • Dec 7 Tony Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944)) (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Jean Mermoz, French pilot, born in Aubenton, Aisne, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 9 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian writer (A Child of Our Time), born in Sušak, Rijeka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Dec 10 Franz Fischer, German Gestapo official and war criminal (one of the Breda 4)
  • Dec 14 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64), born in Tatoi Palace, Athens, Kingdom of Greece (d. 1964)

Margaret MeadMargaret Mead (1901-1978)

Dec 16 American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa, Thoughts & Female), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

  • Dec 19 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist and novelist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1963)
  • Dec 20 Louis Kahn, American architect (Salk Institute), born in Pärnu, Estonia [or Feb 20]
  • Dec 20 Robert Van de Graaff, American engineer & physicist (Mobility of Gaseous Ions), born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama
  • Dec 21 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer, born in Portugalete, Spain (d. 1982)
  • Dec 25 Alice C, English duchess of Gloucester/aunt of Elizabeth II