On This Day

April 1902 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 2 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • Apr 5 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • Apr 7 Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • Apr 8 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • Apr 8 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • Apr 11 Second Boer War: British forces defeat Boer commandos in Battle of Rooiwal, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 J. C. Penney opens his first store, The Golden Rule Store, in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Apr 15 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Church in US"

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
Leo XIII
  • Apr 15 Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • Apr 15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Marie and Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive compound radium chloride

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Apr 25 Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
  • Apr 28 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1 Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date
  • Apr 29 Congress extends the Chinese Exclusion Act (of 1882) prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers from territories to the mainland, a rule clearly aimed at Chinese in the Philippines

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 1 Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • Apr 2 Jan Tschichold, German typographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1974)
  • Apr 4 Louise Lévêque de Vilmorin, French poet and author (Lutin Sauvage), born in Verrières-le-Buisson, Essonne, Paris (d. 1969)
  • Apr 4 Stanley G. Weinbaum, American sci-fi author (Martian Odyssey), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1935)
  • Apr 6 Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (d. 1989)
  • Apr 12 Louis J. M. Beel, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1946-48, 58-59), born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Apr 14 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (head of Lubavitcher Jews), born in Nikolaev, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1994)
  • Apr 15 Fernando Pessa, Portuguese journalist, born in Aveiro District, Portugal (d. 2002)
  • Apr 17 Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexican politician, 2nd Director-General of the UNESCO (1948-52), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • Apr 18 Giuseppe Pella, 31st Prime Minister of Italy, born in Valdengo, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1981)
  • Apr 21 Ben Stroman, Dutch writer (Jomtof & Blue Beard), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • Apr 22 Megan Lloyd George, English politician (1st female MP for Welsh - Carmarthen), born in Criccieth, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1966)
  • Apr 23 Halldór Laxness, Icelandic writer (Nobel 1955), born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 1998)
  • Apr 25 Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist, one of the main organizers of Nazi Germany's T-4 Euthanasia Program, born in Forst, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Apr 28 Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (Lillelord), born in Kristiana, Norway (d. 1979)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 10 Physicist Robert A. Millikan (34) weds Greta Blanchard

Deaths in History

  • Apr 2 Esther Morris [Esther Hobart McQuigg], American suffragist, anti-slavery activist, and 1st female justice of the peace in the US, dies at 87
  • Apr 6 Gleb Uspensky, Russian author (Power of the Soil), dies at 58
  • Apr 8 Dmitry Sipyagain, Russian Minister of Interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated by a Socialist-Revolutionary at 49
  • Apr 11 General Jacobus Potgieter, South African Boer commander, dies in Second Boer War Battle of Rooiwal, South African Republic
  • Apr 12 Marie Alfred Cornu, French physicist (b. 1842)
  • Apr 17 Francis of Assisi of Bourbon, King Consort of Spain (b. 1822)
  • Apr 27 Julius Sterling Morton, American politician (3rd U.S. Secretary of Agriculture) & founder of Arbor Day, dies at 70