On This Day

October 1902 in History

Events in History


Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 2 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 10 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 10 American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 13 US President Theodore Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Oct 20 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • Oct 21 In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends.
  • Oct 24 Santa Maria volcano in Guatemala erupts, killing 6,000 people and becoming one of the three largest eruptions of the 20th century

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Maxim Gorky's "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • Oct 25 Santa Maria, Guatemala hit by Earthquake, killing an estimated 6,000 people

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (13th Chancellor of Austria), born in Rust, Michelhausen, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • Oct 3 Arturo da Costa e Silva, 27th President of Brazil (1967-69), born in Taquari, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1969)
  • Oct 10 Dick Ket, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1940)
  • Oct 11 Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
  • Oct 12 Dick Binnendijk, Dutch poet and literary critic (Authoritarian Regimes in Transition), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1984)

Person of interestArna Bontemps

Oct 13 Arna Bontemps, American poet (100 years of negro freedom), born in Alexandria, Louisiana (d. 1973)

  • Oct 18 Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • Oct 22 Frank Spedding, Canadian Chemist whose uranium extraction process helped make possible the first atomic bomb, born in Hamilton, Ontario
  • Oct 25 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 31 Charles Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (Claro Enigma), born in Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • Oct 31 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (field of statistical sequential analysis), born in Cluj-Napoca, Austria-Hungary (d. 1950)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 4 Lionel Pigot Johnson, British poet and critic (Ireland & Other Poems), dies of a stroke at 35
  • Oct 25 Frank Norris, American journalist and writer (McTeague), dies at 32