On This Day

August 1903 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 2 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • Aug 4 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • Aug 4 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • Aug 12 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • Aug 17 Joe Pulitzer donates $1 million to Columbia University & begins the Pulitzer Prizes in America
  • Aug 23 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
  • Aug 29 The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Paul Horgan, American novelist (Mountain Standard Time), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1995)

Louis Leakey

Aug 7 Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist ((Olduvai Gorge; 1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

  • Aug 8 August Cool, Belgian union leader/minister of state
  • Aug 11 Michael Whalley Wickham, artist
  • Aug 12 Frances Clode, CEO (WRVS)
  • Aug 14 John Ringling North, American circus director (Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus from 1937-43), born in Baraboo, Wisconsin (d. 1985)
  • Aug 14 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • Aug 19 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • Aug 22 René Wellek, Czech-American writer (Concepts of Criticism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Aug 23 Mauritius van Haegendoren, Flemish historian and senator, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • Aug 24 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, born in Lubań, Poland (d. 1945)
  • Aug 27 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nocturno de los Angeles), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1950)
  • Aug 28 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American psycho-analyst (Uses of Enchantment), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1990)
  • Aug 29 Ernst Kreuder, German writer (The Attic Pretenders), born in Zeitz, Germany (d. 1972)
  • Aug 31 Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher, born in Bourges, France (d. 1985)

Deaths in History

Calamity Jane

Aug 1 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, dies at 51

  • Aug 2 Edmond Nocard, French veterinarian (Louis Pasteur Institute), dies at 53
  • Aug 11 Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator and nationalist (b. 1839)

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Aug 22 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), dies at 73

  • Aug 23 Paul Gabriël, Dutch water colors painter and etcher, dies at 75
  • Aug 29 William Henry Penrose, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 71
  • Aug 30 Vicente Fidel López, Argentine historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87