On This Day

1903 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Nov 3 Colombia grants independence to Panama
  • Nov 3 Giovanni Giolitti becomes Prime Minister of Italy; a progressive liberal, he will hold his post through most of the next decade and introduce social, agrarian and labor reforms
  • Nov 4 Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • Nov 6 USA recognizes independence of Panama
  • Nov 17 Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • Nov 17 In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • Nov 18 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
  • Nov 19 Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are engaged

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Nov 23 Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
  • Nov 24 Clyde Coleman of NYC patents automobile electric starter
  • Nov 24 George Ade's "County Chairman" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 1 "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
  • Dec 3 Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
  • Dec 6 Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders
  • Dec 9 Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie for their study of spontaneous radiation

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Dec 11 British forces under MacDonald & Younghusband march into Tibet
  • Dec 12 Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • Dec 14 Reg Foster completes 287 England v Australia on his Test Cricket debut
  • Dec 14 The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
  • Dec 15 NY Wall Street vendor Italo Marchiony [Marcioni] granted patent for a mound for making ice cream cones
  • Dec 16 Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
  • Dec 16 The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel opens its doors to guests for the first time

Plane1st Airplane Flight

Dec 17 The Wright brothers make the 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight at 10:35 AM, piloted by Orville Wright at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

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Seconds into the first ever flight of the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Orville Wright is flying, Wilbur Wright is running alongside.
Seconds into the first ever flight of the Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Orville Wright is flying, Wilbur Wright is running alongside.
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  • Dec 19 Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn and Manhattan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28 Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It" premieres in NYC

Playwright Clyde Fitch
Playwright
Clyde Fitch
  • Dec 29 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad and Ubangi-Shari
  • Dec 30 Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history
  • Dec 30 American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 196 of 196

  • Jun 14 Alonzo Church, American Mathematician whose work provided foundation for computer science, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1995)
  • Jun 17 Mikhail Svetlov, Russian poet and writer, born in Yekaterinoslav, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • Jun 17 Ruth Wakefield, American inventor (created the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie), born in East Walpole, Massachusetts (d. 1977)
  • Jun 18 Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Le diable ouch corps)
  • Jun 19 Hans Litten, German jurist (d. 1938)
  • Jun 21 Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (NINA, NY Times), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2003)

Person of interestJohn Dillinger

Jun 22 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1934)

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
  • Jun 23 Anthony Veiller, American writer (Night of Iguana, Moulin Rouge), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 23 Hans C Branner, Danish writer (Two Minutes of Silence), born in Ordrup, Denmark (d. 1966)
  • Jun 23 Paul Joseph James Martin, Canadian politician (d. 1992)

Person of interestGeorge Orwell

Jun 25 George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair], British author (Animal Farm, 1984), born in Motihari, British India (d. 1950)

  • Jun 26 Ashley Clarke, British diplomat to Italy and president (Venice in Peril Fund) (d. 1994)
  • Jun 29 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1942)

Person of interestAmy Johnson

Jul 1 Amy Johnson, British pilot, first female pilot to fly alone Britain to Australia, born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 1941)

Aviator Amy Johnson
Aviator
Amy Johnson

Person of interestAlec Douglas-Home

Jul 2 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • Jul 2 Olav V, King of Norway (1957-91), born in Appleton House, Sandringham, Norfolk (d. 1991)
  • Jul 6 Axel Theorell, Swedish biochemist (Nobel 1955-discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects), born in Linköping, Sweden (d. 1982)
  • Jul 10 John Wyndham, American sci-fi author (Day of the Triffids), born in Dorridge, Warwickshire, England (d. 1969)
  • Jul 11 Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (d. 1976)
  • Jul 13 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (Civilisation), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • Jul 14 Irving Stone, American author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
  • Jul 15 Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician (d. 1975)
  • Jul 20 Jef van de Wiele, Belgian politician
  • Jul 21 Roy Neuberger, American financier and art patron (Neuberger Museum of Art), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 2010)
  • Jul 27 Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician and 1st President of Greece, born in Kalamata, Kingdom of Greece (d. 2002)
  • Aug 1 Paul Horgan, American novelist (Mountain Standard Time), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1995)

Person of interestLouis Leakey

Aug 7 Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist (1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey
  • Aug 8 August Cool, Belgian union leader/minister of state
  • Aug 11 Michael Whalley Wickham, artist
  • Aug 12 Frances Clode, CEO (WRVS)
  • Aug 14 John Ringling North, American circus director (Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus from 1937-43), born in Baraboo, Wisconsin (d. 1985)
  • Aug 14 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • Aug 19 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • Aug 22 René Wellek, Czech-American writer (Concepts of Criticism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Aug 23 Mauritius van Haegendoren, Flemish historian and senator, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • Aug 24 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, born in Lubań, Poland (d. 1945)
  • Aug 27 Xavier Villaurrutia, Mexican poet (Nocturno de los Angeles), born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1950)
  • Aug 28 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian-American psycho-analyst (Uses of Enchantment), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1990)
  • Aug 29 Ernst Kreuder, German writer (The Attic Pretenders), born in Zeitz, Germany (d. 1972)
  • Aug 31 Vladimir Jankélévitch, French philosopher, born in Bourges, France (d. 1985)
  • Sep 3 Willem Kooiman, Dutch theologist and church historian (d. 1968)
  • Sep 9 Phyllis Whitney, American writer (d. 2008)
  • Sep 11 Theodor W. Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist, born in Frankfurt (d. 1969)
  • Sep 22 Joseph Valachi, American gangster (d. 1971)
  • Sep 25 Olive Ann Beech, American businesswoman (Co-Founder of Beech Aircraft Company), born in Waverly, Kansas (d. 1993)
  • Sep 25 Mark Rothko [Marcus Rothkovich], American abstract expressionist (Green on Blue), born in NYC, New York (d. 1970)
  • Sep 26 Gerhard Nebel, German writer, born in Dessau (d. 1974)
  • Sep 29 Diana Vreeland, French-American fashion editor (Harper's Bazaar, Vogue), born in Paris (d. 1989)
  • Oct 4 Bona Arsenault, French Canadian politician, historian and genealogist, born in Bonaventure, Quebec (d. 1993)
  • Oct 5 M. King Hubbert, American geologist and geophysicist, born in San Saba, Texas (d. 1989)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • Oct 10 Charles Théodore Henri Antoine Meinrad de Belgique, Count of Flanders, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Oct 12 Grayson L. Kirk, 14th President of Columbia University (1953-68), born in Jeffersonville, Ohio (d. 1997)
  • Oct 16 Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 Nathanael West, American novelist (Day of the Locusts)
  • Oct 22 George Beadle, US biologist (Nobel 1958)

Person of interestMelvin Purvis

Oct 24 Melvin Purvis [Little Mel], American FBI agent that lead the manhunt for outlaws like Baby Face Nelson, Pretty Boy Floyd, and John Dillinger, born in Timmonsville, South Carolina (d. 1960)

FBI Agent Melvin Purvis
FBI Agent
Melvin Purvis
  • Oct 25 Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1976)
  • Oct 25 Harry Shoulberg, American expressionist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Oct 28 Evelyn Waugh, English author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England (d. 1966)
  • Nov 1 Gerard Nabrink, Dutch anarchist and co-founder (NVSH), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • Nov 1 Jean Tardieu, French dramatist, born in St Germain de Joux (d. 1995)
  • Nov 1 Edward "Carji" Greeves, Australian Rules Football midfielder (winner inaugural Brownlow Medal 1924), born in Warragul, Victoria (d. 1963)
  • Nov 3 Walker Evans, American photographer (Fortune Magazine), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1975)
  • Nov 7 Albert Helman [Lou Lichtveld], Suriname politician and novelist, born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1996)
  • Nov 7 Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist and ethologist (Man & His Ideas, Nobel Prize 1973), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1989)
  • Nov 9 Leon-Etienne Duval, French prelate and cardinal of the Catholic Church in Algeria, born in Chênex, Haute-Savoie, France (d. 1996)
  • Nov 9 Margaret Fay Shaw, American photographer and folklorist known for her work in the Scottish Hebrides, born in Glenshaw, Pennsylvania (d. 2004)
  • Nov 11 Charles Bruce Perry, Professor of Medicine (Bristol University) (d. 1996)
  • Nov 11 Thomas Allibone, English physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2003)
  • Nov 19 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), born in Porta Westfalica, Westphalia, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Nov 20 Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist, born in Patyali, near Allahabad, United Provinces of British India (d. 1981)
  • Nov 22 Herbert Sally Frankel, South African born economist (d. 1996)
  • Nov 25 Martin Soames, British traveller
  • Nov 30 Germaine Emilie Madame Gres Krebs, haute Couturist
  • Dec 4 A. L. Rowse, British author and historian, born in Tregonissey, St Austell, Cornwall (d. 1997)
  • Dec 4 Cornell Woolrich, American writer (El Angel Negro), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • Dec 4 Al Leader, Canadian-American Hockey Hall of Fame player, referee and administrator (Western Hockey League), born in Barnsley, Manitoba (d. 1982)

Person of interestCecil Frank Powell

Dec 5 Cecil Frank Powell, English physicist who discovered pion (pi-meson), a subatomic particle (Nobel 1950), born in Tonbridge, England (d. 1969)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank Powell
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Cecil Frank Powell
  • Dec 7 Danilo Blanuša, Croatian mathematician, born in Osijek, Austria-Hungary (d. 1987)
  • Dec 8 Adele Simpson, American fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1946), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • Dec 8 Irene Eisinger, German-British singer, born in Cosel, German Empire (d. 1994)
  • Dec 8 Kitty Muggeridge, British author and translator, born in Chateau d'Oex, Switzerland (d. 1994)
  • Dec 10 William Plomer, South African-British author (Paper Houses, I Speak of Africa), born in Transvaal, South Africa (d. 1973)
  • Dec 12 Enid Balint-Edmonds, British psychoanalyst, born in London (d. 1994)
  • Dec 13 Yevgeny Petrov [Yevgeny Petrovich Kataev], Soviet writer, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1942)
  • Dec 13 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WWI) and official war painter, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1992)
  • Dec 16 Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (El hombre deshabitado)
  • Dec 17 Erskine Caldwell, American novelist (Tobacco Road, God's Little Acre), born in Moreland, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Dec 19 Cyril Dean Darlington, English biologist and geneticist who discovered the mechanics of chromosomal crossover and its role in inheritance and evolution, born in Chorley, England (d. 1981)
  • Dec 19 George Davis Snell, Bradford, Massachusetts, American geneticist (H-2 gene)
  • Dec 19 Theo Harych, German writer, born in Doruchow, Posen (d. 1958)
  • Dec 22 Barbara Moore, Russian-born British engineer (walked across US in 86 days in 1960), born in Russia (d. 1977)
  • Dec 22 Haldan Keffer Hartline, American biophysicist (Nobel 1967), born in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1983)
  • Dec 23 Michael Kalatozov, Russian producer (When the Cranes Fly)
  • Dec 28 John von Neumann, mathematician and astronomer (Bocher Award 1938), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History