On This Day

August 1904 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 3 British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • Aug 7 Train derails on bridge in Eden, Colorado, during a flash flood, kills 96
  • Aug 9 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (future Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

  • Aug 10 Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock
  • Aug 10 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • Aug 11 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • Aug 11 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • Aug 16 NYC begins building Grand Central Station
  • Aug 17 George H Reid succeeds John Watson as Prime Minister of Australia

AustraliaFirst Labour Government

Aug 18 Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid

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Australia's first Labor ministry, the first in the world
Australia's first Labor ministry, the first in the world
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  • Aug 23 Automobile tire chain patented
  • Aug 24 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 3 Clifford D. Simak, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Empire, Way Station), born in Millville, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • Aug 4 Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author (Ferdydurke, Pornography), born in Małoszyce, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • Aug 5 Kenneth Thimann, English American botanist (Balzan Prize), born in Ashford, England (d. 1997)

Person of interestRalph Bunche

Aug 7 Ralph Bunche, American diplomat to the UN (Nobel Peace Prize1950), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1971)

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Aug 12 Aleksei N Romanov, son of Tsar Nicholas II [OS=July 30]
  • Aug 12 Frank Ervin, harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 66)

Person of interestAlexei Nikolaevich

Aug 12 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1918)

Tsarevich of Russia Alexei Nikolaevich
Tsarevich of Russia
Alexei Nikolaevich
  • Aug 16 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • Aug 17 Mary Cain, American newspaper editor and politician (d. 1984)
  • Aug 18 Sterling W Cole, (Rep-R-NY)
  • Aug 18 [Francis] Max Factor, American CEO of Max Factor Cosmetics, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 19 Ted Nightingale, former colonial governor
  • Aug 20 Jaap [Jacobus Albertus Wilhelmus] Burger, Dutch politician and chairman (PvdA), born in Willemstad, Netherlands (d. 1986)

Person of interestDeng Xiaoping

Aug 22 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan (d. 1997)

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • Aug 26 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)
  • Aug 27 Norah Lofts, British author (The Town House), born in Shipdham, Norfolk, England (d. 1983)
  • Aug 27 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • Aug 28 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Werner Forssmann, German urologist (Nobel 1956), born in Berlin (d. 1979)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 2 Novelist Hermann Hesse (27) weds Maria Bernoulli

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse

Deaths in History

  • Aug 9 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • Aug 10 Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French politician (29th Prime Minister of France), dies at 57
  • Aug 22 Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, American writer, dies at 54
  • Aug 25 William Hall, Canadian Royal Naval sailor (b. 1827)
  • Aug 29 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), dies at 63