On This Day

January 1904 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • Jan 4 In 'Gonzales v Williams', the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted
  • Jan 5 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jan 5 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jan 5 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st international radio distress signal

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Jan 8 Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
  • Jan 12 Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, rebel against German colonial rule

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 17 Anton Chekhov's play "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 25 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 25 John Millington Synge's play "Riders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • Jan 29 1st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • Jan 5 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer "A Gift of Prophecy", born in Medford, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • Jan 8 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (New Yorker), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 8 Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • Jan 11 Frederick Boland, Irish diplomat/president (UN General Assembly)
  • Jan 14 Cecil Beaton, English photographer, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom (d. 1980)
  • Jan 14 Emily Hahn, American journalist & author, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1997)
  • Jan 18 Henri-Georges Adam, French engraver & sculptor (Grand Nude), born in Paris, France (d. 1967)
  • Jan 19 James W. Watts, American neurosurgeon, developer of the Frontal Lobotomy, born in Lynchburg, Virginia (d. 1994)
  • Jan 20 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician, born in Campania, Italy (d. 1959)
  • Jan 20 Theodore Brameld, American philosopher & educator (Use of Explosive Ideas), born in Neillsville, Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • Jan 21 Richard P Blackmur, Mass, critic/poet (Good European)
  • Jan 22 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
  • Jan 25 Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist (Het Parool), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)

Person of interestSeán MacBride

Jan 26 Seán MacBride, Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army and founder of Amnesty International (Nobel 1974), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1988)

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride
  • Jan 26 Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)
  • Jan 28 Canuplin, Filipino magician and bodabil entertainer (d. 1979)
  • Jan 31 E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/ARP-alderman/co-founder (Trouw)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 28 German chancellor Konrad Adenauer (28) weds Emma Weyer at St. Stephan Catholic Church in Lindenthal, Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer

Deaths in History


  • Jan 2 Mathilde Bonaparte, French princess (daughter of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte and his second wife, Catharina of Württemberg, daughter of King Frederick I of Württemberg) and socialite, dies at 83
  • Jan 5 Karl Alfred Ritter von Zittel, German geologist and paleontologist (Libya), dies at 64
  • Jan 10 Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (b. 1824)
  • Jan 26 John P R Tak, Dutch liberal politician, dies at 64
  • Jan 26 Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)