On This Day

1904 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Sep 9 Mounted police 1st used in NYC
  • Sep 19 Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties
  • Sep 20 George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • Sep 21 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends
  • Sep 23 Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet
  • Sep 25 Charles Follis is 1st black to play professional American football
  • Sep 26 Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
  • Sep 26 GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, NYC
  • Sep 29 1st monument honoring Spanish–American War erected, in Monroeville, Ohio
  • Oct 1 JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 1 Netherlands and Portugal lay down boundaries splitting the island of Timor in two
  • Oct 2 German General Lothar von Trotha issues order to exterminate Herero people of Namidia, first genocide of the 20th Century, will kill 65,000 Herero and 100,000 of the Nama tribe
  • Oct 3 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • Oct 3 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School

  • Oct 10 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 15 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • Oct 16 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors in San Francisco, founded by Amadeo Giannini

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • Oct 19 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • Oct 20 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; recognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • Oct 22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • Oct 27 First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), fare one nickel
  • Oct 28 St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • Oct 29 First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
  • Nov 4 First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 8 American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B. Parker (D)

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Nov 8 Inventor and manufacturer Harvey Hubbell receives the first U.S. patent for a separable electric attachment plug
  • Nov 9 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes

InventionHistoric Invention

Nov 15 King C. Gillette patents the Gillette razor blade

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • Nov 18 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup
  • Nov 28 Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa
  • Dec 6 Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary)
  • Dec 10 King Peter I of Serbia named nationalist regime

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Ivan Pavlov awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for work on the physiology of digestion, first Russian to win a Nobel Prize

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • Dec 10 Founding of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity.

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 John William Strutt [Lord Rayleigh] and William Ramsay are presented with the Nobel Prize for Physics for their discovery of Argon

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • Dec 12 CMS McClellan's "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 24 German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
  • Dec 27 Stage play "Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London
  • Dec 27 W B Yeats and Lady Gregory's "On Baile's Strand" premieres in Dublin
  • Dec 28 1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)
  • Dec 31 First New Year's Eve celebration held in Times Square, New York City

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 217

  • Jun 24 Kurt Kusenberg, German writer (Wein Auf Lebenszeit)
  • Jun 25 Jan van Axel [Johannes P. Kraakman], Dutch director (Overschotje)
  • Jun 26 Frank Scott Hogg, Canadian astronomer, born in Preston, Ontario (d. 1951)
  • Jul 1 Mary Calderone, American physician and founder (planned parenthood), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • Jul 2 Gerarda Rueter, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • Jul 4 Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American yiddish writer (Yentl, Nobel Prize for Literature 1978), born in Leoncin, Russian Empire (d. 1991)
  • Jul 5 Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, born in Villa La Pietra, Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • Jul 5 Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist (evolutionary theory), born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2005)
  • Jul 6 Erik Wickberg, 9th Salvation Army general, born in Gävle, Sweden (d. 1996)
  • Jul 7 Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
  • Jul 8 Henri Cartan, French mathematician, born in Nancy (d. 2008)

Person of interestPablo Neruda

Jul 12 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • Jul 15 Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)
  • Jul 16 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1996)
  • Jul 24 James R. Killian Jr., 10th president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1948-59), born in Blacksburg, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • Jul 24 Nikolay Kuznetsov, Russian naval commander (Admiral of the Fleet during World War II), born in Medvedki, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • Jul 27 Kenneth Bainbridge, American physicist (measurements of mass differences between nuclear isotopes), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1996)
  • Jul 28 Selwyn Lloyd, British politician involved in Suez crisis, born in West Kirby, England (d. 1978)
  • Jul 29 J. R. D. Tata, Indian industrialist (d. 1993)
  • Jul 30 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • Jul 31 Brett Halliday, American writer (Dividend on Death), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1977)
  • Aug 3 Clifford D. Simak, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Empire, Way Station), born in Millville, Wisconsin (d. 1988)
  • Aug 4 Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author (Ferdydurke, Pornography), born in Małoszyce, Russian Empire (d. 1969)
  • Aug 5 Kenneth Thimann, English American botanist (Balzan Prize), born in Ashford, England (d. 1997)

Person of interestRalph Bunche

Aug 7 Ralph Bunche, American diplomat to the UN (Nobel Peace Prize1950), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1971)

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • Aug 12 Aleksei N Romanov, son of Tsar Nicholas II [OS=July 30]
  • Aug 12 Frank Ervin, harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 66)

Person of interestAlexei Nikolaevich

Aug 12 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1918)

Tsarevich of Russia Alexei Nikolaevich
Tsarevich of Russia
Alexei Nikolaevich
  • Aug 16 Wendell Stanley, American biochemist, first to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946), born in Ridgeville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • Aug 17 Mary Cain, American newspaper editor and politician (d. 1984)
  • Aug 18 Sterling W Cole, (Rep-R-NY)
  • Aug 18 [Francis] Max Factor, American CEO of Max Factor Cosmetics, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 19 Ted Nightingale, former colonial governor
  • Aug 20 Jaap [Jacobus Albertus Wilhelmus] Burger, Dutch politician and chairman (PvdA), born in Willemstad, Netherlands (d. 1986)

Person of interestDeng Xiaoping

Aug 22 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan (d. 1997)

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • Aug 26 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)
  • Aug 27 Norah Lofts, British author (The Town House), born in Shipdham, Norfolk, England (d. 1983)
  • Aug 27 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • Aug 28 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Werner Forssmann, German urologist (Nobel 1956), born in Berlin (d. 1979)
  • Sep 4 Julian W. Hill, American research chemist (developed nylon), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1996)
  • Sep 4 Max Delbrück, German-American biologist and molecular geneticist (bacteriophage, Nobel Prize 1969), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1981)
  • Sep 6 Arvi Kivimaa, Finnish writer (Groenende Cross), born in Hartola, Finland (d. 1984)
  • Sep 10 Max Shachtman, American politician (d. 1972)
  • Sep 14 Anton Zischka, Austrian writer (Lebendiges Europa), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1997)
  • Sep 15 Umberto II, van Piemonte, the last King of Italy (ruled 1946)

Person of interestFrederick Ashton

Sep 17 Frederick Ashton, British choreographer (Cinderella), born in Guayaquil, Ecuador (d. 1988)

Choreographer Frederick Ashton
Choreographer
Frederick Ashton
  • Sep 19 Bergen Evans, American professor of English ($64,000 Question), born in Franklin, Ohio (d. 1978)
  • Sep 19 Karen Aabye, Danish author (Less bedstemor there jomfru), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1982)
  • Sep 21 Hans Hartung, German-French painter, born in Leipzig, German Empire (d. 1989)
  • Sep 22 Ellen Church, American 1st female airline stewardess (United flight in 1930 from San Francisco to Cheyenne), born in Cresco, Iowa (d. 1965)
  • Sep 23 Meyer Schapiro, Lithuanian-born American art historian, born in Šiauliai, Russian Empire
  • Sep 24 Owen Saunders, English mathematician and mechanical engineer, born in Streatham, London (d. 1993)
  • Sep 25 Columbus O'Donnell Iselin, American oceanographer, born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 1971)
  • Sep 28 Hendrik J Hofstra, Dutch minister of Finance (PvdA)
  • Sep 29 Dorothy Emmet, philosopher
  • Oct 1 Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
  • Oct 1 A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
  • Oct 2 Dermot Boyle, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, born in Rathdowney, County Laois, Ireland (d. 1993)
  • Oct 2 Godfrey Baseley, British radio executive, born in Alverchurch, Worchestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • Oct 2 Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indian politician and Prime Minister of India (1964-66), born in Mughalsarai, British India (d. 1966)

Person of interestGraham Greene

Oct 2 [Henry] Graham Greene, English novelist (Brighton Rock, The Power and the Glory), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire (d. 1991)

  • Oct 3 Charles J. Pedersen, American biochemist (Nobel 1987), born in Pusan, Korea (d. 1989)
  • Oct 4 Rene Cloke, British illustrator, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 5 George Chesterman Phillips, British naval officer (d. 1995)
  • Oct 6 Horst Lange, German writer (The Long Lament), born in Liegnitz, Silesia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 9 Johannes Karel Marie Ditto, Dutch dominican and broadcast chairman (KRO, 1938-45), born in Velsen, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • Oct 12 Ding Ling, Chinese writer (The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River), born in Linli, Hunan, China (d. 1986)
  • Oct 12 Lester Dent, American writer (Doc Savage), born in La Plata, Missouri (d. 1959)
  • Oct 13 Jutta Hecker, German writer, born in Weimar (d. 2002)
  • Oct 15 Julian Hodge, British financier and multi-millionaire (Hodge Group), born in Camberwell, London (d. 2004)
  • Oct 18 A. J. Liebling, American journalist (d. 1963)

Person of interestTommy Douglas

Oct 20 Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician (Father of Medicare), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1986)

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • Oct 21 Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, American sci-fi author (Danger Planet)
  • Oct 21 Patrick Kavanagh, Irish poet (d. 1967)

Person of interestMoss Hart

Oct 24 Moss Hart, playwright (You Can't Take it With You, Act 1), born in The Bronx, New York

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • Oct 30 Paul D. Stoop, American vice-admiral (WW II-Coral Sea), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • Nov 4 Walter Bauer, German Canadian writer, born in Merseburg (d. 1976)
  • Nov 4 Tadeusz Żyliński, Polish technician and textilist, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1967)
  • Nov 8 Cedric Belfrage, English writer and journalist (co-founder of National Guardian), born in Marylebone, London (d. 1990)
  • Nov 9 Viktor Brack, German Nazi physician and war criminal, born in Haaren, Rhine Province, German Empire (d. 1948)
  • Nov 11 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), born in Madras, India (d. 1960)
  • Nov 14 Marya Mannes, American author (The Reporter), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 16 Frederik van der Meer, Dutch archaeologist and art historian, born in Bolsward (d. 1994)
  • Nov 16 Nnamdi Azikiwe, 1st President of Nigeria (1963-66), born in Zungeru, Northern Nigeria Protectorate (d. 1996)
  • Nov 17 Isamu Noguchi, Japanese American sculptor (1963 Fine Arts Medal, Noguchi table), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1988)
  • Nov 17 Salomėja Nėris [Salomėja Bačinskaitė - Bučienė], Lithuanian poet, born in Kiršai, Poland (d. 1945)
  • Nov 18 Jean Paul Lemieux, Canadian painter, born in Quebec (d. 1990)
  • Nov 19 Jacob "Jaap" Nanninga, Dutch painter (d. 1962)
  • Nov 19 Nathan Leopold, American murderer of Bobby Franks with Richard Loeb, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1971)
  • Nov 22 Theodore Besterman, British bibliographer and psychical researcher, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1976)
  • Nov 25 Ba Jin, Chinese novelist (d. 2005)
  • Nov 26 Armand Frappier, French-Canadian physician and microbiologist, born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, Canada (d. 1991)
  • Nov 28 James Eastland, American politician (Sen-D-Miss 1943-68), born in Doddsville, Mississippi (d. 1986)
  • Nov 28 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1973)
  • Nov 29 Egon Eiermann, German architect (d. 1970)
  • Nov 30 Clyfford Still, American abstract painter
  • Dec 1 W A "Tony" Boyle, United Mine Workers president
  • Dec 3 Juan E Yrausquin, founder (Party of Patriot Arubans)/minister
  • Dec 6 Ève Curie, French author and daughter of Madame Curie, born in Paris (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History