January 1905 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • Jan 2 American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms
  • Jan 2 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • Jan 2 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • Jan 5 Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • Jan 5 Incorporation of the National Association of Audubon Society, a nonprofit environmental organization dedicated to conservation
  • Jan 17 Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
  • Jan 18 French government of Combes falls

Event of Interest

Jan 20 US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

1905 Russian Revolution

Jan 22 In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'

  • Jan 26 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea

World's Largest Diamond Discovered

Jan 26 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa

  • Jan 27 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France

Event of Interest

Jan 29 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • Jan 31 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • Jan 31 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Charles Melvin Price, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois 1945-88), born in East St. Louis, Illinois (d. 1988)
  • Jan 1 Stanisław Mazur, Lemberg, Western Ukraine, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • Jan 2 Lev Schnirelmann, Gomel, Russian Empire, mathematician (d. 1938)
  • Jan 3 Dante Giacosa, Italian engineer and automobile designer (Fiat), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1996)
  • Jan 6 Eric Frank Russell, British sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space, Dark Tides), born in Sandhurst, Berkshire (d. 1978)
  • Jan 8 Carl Gustav Hempel, German writer & philosopher, born in Oranienburg, Germany (d. 1997)
  • Jan 11 Clyde Kluckhohn, American anthropologist (d. 1960)
  • Jan 11 John Henry Jacques, English co-operative retailer and politician, born in Ashington, Northumberland (d. 1995)
  • Jan 12 James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist, born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1997)
  • Jan 14 Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan, born in Gunma, Japan (d. 1995)
  • Jan 17 Franz Schmid, German climber (1st to ascend northside of Matterhorn 1931), born in Garmisch, Germany (d. 1992)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Bonanno, Italian-American mafioso and crime boss of the Bonanno crime family, born in Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, Italy (d. 2002)
  • Jan 19 Anne Hummert, American radio pioneer and producer of daytime radio serials during the 1930s and 1940s (Just Plain Bill, The Romance of Helen Trent), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 Oveta Culp Hobby, American government official (1st US Secretary of Health) and newspaper publisher (Houston Post), born in Killeen, Texas (d. 1995)

Christian DiorChristian Dior (1905-1957)

Jan 21 French fashion designer (New Look), born in Granville, France

  • Jan 21 Karl "The Great" Wallenda, German acrobat (The Flying Wallendas) (d. 1978)
  • Jan 23 Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • Jan 24 J. Howard Marshall [James Howard Marshall II), American businessman and husband of Anna Nicole Smith, born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Jan 26 John Carmel Heenan, British clergyman, Catholic Cardinal (Archbishop of Westminster, 1963-75), born in Ilford, England (d. 1975)
  • Jan 27 Luther Diamond, American radio personality (d. 1994)
  • Jan 28 Luther Simjian, Armenian-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), born in Aintab, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)
  • Jan 29 Barnett Newmann, American abstract expressionist painter (Black Fire I), born in New York City (d. 1970)

Emilio G. SegrèEmilio G. Segrè (1905-1989)

Jan 30 Italian physicist & Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton), born in Tivoli, Italy

  • Jan 31 Anna Blaman [Johanna P Vrugt], Dutch writer (Wife & Friend), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Jan 31 Eva Hart, British Titanic passenger, one of last living survivors, born in Ilford, Essex, England (d. 1996)
  • Jan 31 John O'Hara, American short story writer and novelist (Appointment in Samarra; Pal Joey; BUtterfield-8), born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1970)

Weddings in History

John J. Pershing

Jan 26 General officer John J. Pershing (44) weds Helen Frances

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 Yehudah Aryeh Leib Alter, Warsaw, Hasidic rabbi (b. 1847)
  • Jan 13 George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
  • Jan 14 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • Jan 19 Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)