On This Day

July 1905 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 3 Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • Jul 6 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time
  • Jul 7 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)
  • Jul 8 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • Jul 8 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Romanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • Jul 10 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Black intellectuals and activists lead by W.E.B. Du Bois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Jul 12 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902) for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jul 24 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar
Nicholas II
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jul 29 US Secretary of War William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jul 30 Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • Jul 31 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga, German East Africa

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 4 Lionel Trilling, American literary critic and author (1969 Poses Award, The Liberal Imagination), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jul 4 Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer and adventurer, born in Hadley, Massachusetts (d. 1991)
  • Jul 9 Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher, born in Savannah, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Jul 12 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English King George V, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1919)
  • Jul 13 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • Jul 19 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Red star over China), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • Jul 20 Molly Mary Nesta Keane, writer
  • Jul 21 Diana Trilling, writer
  • Jul 25 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1994)
  • Jul 25 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), born in Lamport, Northamptonshire (d. 1990)
  • Jul 29 Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish public servant, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61) and posthumous Nobel Peace Prize winner (1961), born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1961)
  • Jul 29 Stanley Kunitz, American poet (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Trenchard Cox, British museum director, born in London (d. 1995)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 4 Élisée Reclus, French anarchist (b. 1830)
  • Jul 5 Carel V Gerritsen, free thinker, dies
  • Jul 16 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • Jul 23 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76