On This Day

March 1905 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 3 US Forest Service forms

Agreement of Interest

Mar 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

Theater Premiere

Mar 4 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Elga" premieres in Berlin

Historic Publication

Mar 7 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Return of Sherlock Holmes" collection in London after public pressure to revive his famous detective (Feb New York)

  • Mar 10 Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • Mar 12 The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906

Historic Event

Mar 17 Albert Einstein finishes his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics

Historic Event

Mar 24 A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers

  • Mar 25 Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South
  • Mar 28 The Lawa railway from Paramaribo to Dam railway opens in Suriname

Historic Event

Mar 31 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there


Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Pol le Roy, Flemish author/novelist/writer (Stroom)
  • Mar 5 Gilroy Roberts, US chief engraver (1948-64)
  • Mar 7 Vera Fjodorova Panova, Russian author (Sputniki)
  • Mar 9 FĂ©lix Labisse, French painter (libidoscaphes), born in Marchiennes, France (d. 1982)
  • Mar 9 Peter C. Quennell, English biographer and critic (Byron in Italy), born in Bickley, Kent (d. 1993)
  • Mar 9 Rex Warner, English poet and writer (Wild Goose Chase), born in Birmingham (d. 1986)
  • Mar 14 Raymond Aron, French sociologist/political scientist
  • Mar 15 Berthold Schenck von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat who attempted to assassinate Hitler, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1944)
  • Mar 18 Mollie Parnis, American fashion designer (Mollie Roberts Collection), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 18 Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)

Albert Speer

Mar 19 Albert Speer, German architect and Nazi leader (Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production), born in Mannheim, German Empire (d. 1981)

  • Mar 21 Phyllis McGinley, American poet (Pulitzer 1961, Love Letters)
  • Mar 22 Grigorij Kosinzev, Russian director of film and theater, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • Mar 22 Phyllis McGinley, American children's author and poet (Pulitzer Prize 1961), born in Ontario, Oregon (d. 1978)
  • Mar 23 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • Mar 24 Andre Christiaens, Flemish writer (Unfindable Country)
  • Mar 24 Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (d. 2007)
  • Mar 26 Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (Man's Search for Meaning) and founder of logotherapy, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • Mar 27 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, born in Vancouver (d. 1980)
  • Mar 27 John Fleming (Jack) Brock, South African nutritional scientist, physician and a professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • Mar 30 Albert Pierrepoint, last and longest serving British executioner (est. 433-608 executed), born in Clayton, West Riding of Yorkshire (d. 1992)

Weddings in History

Guglielmo Marconi

Mar 16 Inventor and electrical engineer Guglielmo Marconi (30) weds Beatrice O'Brien

Wedding of Interest

Mar 17 Eleanor Roosevelt (20) marries Franklin D. Roosevelt (23) later 32nd US President in New York, & given away by her uncle, 26th President Theodore Roosevelt


Deaths in History

  • Mar 6 John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician, dies at 86
  • Mar 12 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, dies at 92
  • Mar 15 Arnold Kerdijk, Dutch liberal/founder (Social Weekly), dies at 60
  • Mar 15 Amalie Skram, Norwegian author (Paa St Jorgen), dies at 58

Jules Verne

Mar 24 Jules Verne, French writer known as the "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 Days), dies at 77