On This Day

1905 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Aug 31 Mbunga rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East Africa
  • Sep 1 Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Sep 5 Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Sep 5 The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Theodore Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Sep 5 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after its victory over Russia
  • Sep 6 Atlanta Life Insurance Company forms
  • Sep 6 General Trade journal publishes 1st Dutch photo (train accident)
  • Sep 10 Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes
  • Sep 14 Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • Sep 14 Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • Sep 14 RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • Sep 18 Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • Sep 20 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • Sep 21 Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms
  • Sep 22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)

  • Sep 23 Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 27 The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • Oct 15 Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • Oct 16 The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • Oct 20 Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 Russian Tsar Nicholas II allows the Poles to speak Polish to help quell the revolution in the Kingdom of Poland

  • Oct 23 Edward Milton Royle's play "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • Oct 26 Union of Sweden & Norway ends
  • Oct 29 Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fatally injured
  • Oct 30 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 31 Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg
  • Nov 3 Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners
  • Nov 4 Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • Nov 9 Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages
  • Nov 10 Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • Nov 11 High Commissioner Prince George declares amnesty for all leaders of the insurrection that has been disturbing Crete during the recent months - but which never gained mass support
  • Nov 12 (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.

  • Nov 14 David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16 Dutch Russian Count Witte becomes Prime Minister of Russia
  • Nov 17 The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • Nov 18 George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London
  • Nov 18 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
  • Nov 19 The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • Nov 22 British, Italian, Russian, French and Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • Nov 23 Henry Watson Furness, an American physician from Indiana is named US minister to Haiti
  • Nov 24 Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel

CameraPhotography

Nov 24 Photographer Alfred Stieglitz opens the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession in Manhattan, New York

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • Nov 25 Telimco makes the 1st ever advertisement for a radio set, by advertising a $7.50 set in the "Scientific American" which claimed to receive signals for up to one mile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 28 Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Féin in Dublin

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 British government of Arthur Balfour resigns

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Dec 5 Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
  • Dec 9 French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
  • Dec 10 Austrian pacifist and writer Bertha von Suttner becomes the 1st woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 11 120°F (49°C), Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record)
  • Dec 11 British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms
  • Dec 11 A workers uprising occurs, establishing the Shuliavka Republic in Kiev.
  • Dec 15 The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
  • Dec 16 "Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published
  • Dec 18 H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of F-C debut (NSW v Qld)
  • Dec 22 Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street
  • Dec 27 M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW v Victoria
  • Dec 28 NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253
  • Dec 30 Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 198 of 198


Person of interestLillian Hellman

Jun 20 Lillian Hellman, American playwright (Toys in the Attic, Little Foxes), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1984)

Playwright Lillian Hellman
Playwright
Lillian Hellman

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

Jun 21 Jean-Paul Sartre, French existentialist philosopher and writer (Le Mur, Nobel 1964; declined), born in Paris (d. 1980)

  • Jun 23 Jack Pickersgill, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • Jun 26 Jack Longland, British director of education (Derbyshire), born in London (d. 1993)
  • Jun 26 Jan Louis Guillaume Doornik, Dutch resistance fighter in France, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • Jun 27 Ruby Middleton Forsythe, African-American teacher (50 years in 1 room school in SC), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1992)
  • Jun 29 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet and publisher (La lenta libertad), born in Málaga, Spain (d. 1959)
  • Jun 29 Alphaeus Hamilton Zulu, Anglican bishop of Zululand and Swaziland, born in South Africa (d. 1988)
  • Jul 4 Lionel Trilling, American literary critic and author (1969 Poses Award, The Liberal Imagination), born in NYC, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jul 4 Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer and adventurer, born in Hadley, Massachusetts (d. 1991)
  • Jul 9 Myles Horton, American educator and Civil Rights Movement teacher, born in Savannah, Tennessee (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1948)
  • Jul 12 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English King George V, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1919)
  • Jul 13 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • Jul 19 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Red star over China), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • Jul 20 Molly Mary Nesta Keane, writer
  • Jul 21 Diana Trilling, American critic and writer (d. 1996)
  • Jul 25 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1994)
  • Jul 25 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), born in Lamport, Northamptonshire (d. 1990)

Person of interestDag Hammarskjöld

Jul 29 Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish public servant, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61) and posthumous Nobel Peace Prize winner (1961), born in Jönköping, Sweden (d. 1961)

Secretary-General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Dag Hammarskjöld
  • Jul 29 Stanley Kunitz, American poet (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Trenchard Cox, British museum director, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Aug 3 Maggie Kuhn, American activist and co-founder (Gray Panthers), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1995)
  • Aug 4 Michael Scott Montague Fordham, English child psychiatrist and Jungian analyst, born in Kensington, London (d. 1995)
  • Aug 8 Wachtang Ananjan, writer
  • Aug 9 Elizabeth Lane, 1st female British supreme court justice, born in Bowden, Cheshire (d. 1988)
  • Aug 10 Bernard Benjamin Gillis, British judge
  • Aug 10 Richard F Kahn, baron of Hampstead/British economist
  • Aug 10 Era Bell Thompson, American magazine editor (Ebony), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1986)
  • Aug 11 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • Aug 14 Nicolás Cotoner, 23rd Marquess of Mondéjar, Spanish nobleman and military officer, born in Palma de Mallorca, Spain (d. 1996)
  • Aug 17 John Hay Whitney, American diplomat and publisher (NY Herald Tribune 1961-67), born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • Aug 19 Fitzhugh Lee, US pilot/vice-admiral (WW II, Navy Cross)
  • Aug 20 Jean Gebser, German-born author, linguist, and poet, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1973)
  • Aug 24 Siaka Stevens, President of Sierra Leone (1971-85), born in Moyamba, Sierra Leone (d. 1988)
  • Aug 25 Sister Faustina [Helena Kowalska], Polish Roman Catholic nun and mystic, born in Głogowiec, Poland (d. 1938)
  • Aug 27 Alexander Johnston, CEO (Board of Inland Revenue)
  • Aug 29 Martinus A. Jansen, Bishop of Rotterdam (1956-70), born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • Aug 31 Sal Tas, Dutch journalist & CIA agent (Het Parool) [or 1897]

Person of interestCarl David Anderson

Sep 3 Carl David Anderson, American physicist (1936 Nobel Prize for physics), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)

Nobel Laureat Physicist Carl David Anderson
Nobel Laureat Physicist
Carl David Anderson
  • Sep 4 Mary Renault [Challans], British writer (King Must Die, Funeral Games), born in Forest Gate, Essex, England (d. 1983)
  • Sep 5 Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-British writer (Arrow in Blue), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1983)
  • Sep 5 Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician, born in Tanza, Cavite, Philippines (d. 2005)
  • Sep 7 John Whitley, British air-marshal (d. 1997)
  • Sep 9 Hussain Sha - Indian Saint, Philosopher, Pithapuram
  • Sep 16 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1980)
  • Sep 19 James Holland, English artist and exhibition organiser, born in Gillingham, Kent (d. 1996)
  • Sep 19 Leon Jaworski, American Watergate scandal special prosecutor, born in Waco, Texas (d. 1982)
  • Sep 22 Eugen Sänger, Austrian aerospace engineer (d. 1964)
  • Sep 24 Severo Ochoa, Spanish-American physician and biochemist (Nobel 1959), born in Luarca, Asturias, Spain (d. 1993)
  • Sep 25 Nahman Avigad, Israeli archaeologist (Discovering Jerusalem), born in Zavaliv, Ukraine (d. 1992)
  • Sep 25 Edith Barstow, American choreographer (Frankie Laine Time, The Gem of the Ocean), born in Ashtabula, Ohio (d. 1960)
  • Sep 27 Vjekoslav Kaleb, Croatian writer (Splendor of the Fabric), born in Tisno, Croatia (d. 1996)
  • Sep 29 Francis Joseph Quinn, academic
  • Sep 30 Nevill Francis Mott, English physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1977 for work on amorphous semiconductors), born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • Sep 30 Savitri Devi [Maximiani Portas], Greek French Nazi writer, born in Lyon, France (d. 1982)
  • Oct 11 Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump, born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)
  • Oct 15 Charles P. Snow, English novelist (Death Under Sail, Strangers and Brothers) and physical chemist, born in Leicester, England (d. 1980)
  • Oct 17 Franco Albini, Italian architect
  • Oct 18 Felix Houphouet-Boigny, President of Ivory coast (1960-93)
  • Oct 22 Karl Jansky, Czech, discoverer (cosmic radio emissions in 1932)
  • Oct 23 Felix Bloch, Swiss/US nuclear physicist (Nobel 1952)
  • Oct 26 George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal, born in Paris, Ontario, Canada (d. 1989)
  • Oct 28 Harry Broadhurst, British Royal Air Force commander and flying ace of the Second World War, born in Frimley, Surrey, England (d. 1995)
  • Oct 29 Laurence Dowdall, Scottish lawyer, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Nov 1 Paul-Émile Borduas, Canadian abstract painter, born in Saint-Hilaire, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • Nov 2 Frederic Lipmann, French watchmaker, born in Besancon, France (d. 1996)
  • Nov 3 Lois Mailou Jones, American painter (Peasants on Parade), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • Nov 3 William Donald Campbell, diarist/ornithologist
  • Nov 4 Martin Raschke, German author and publisher, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Nov 9 Erika Mann, German-American author (Other Germany) and daughter of Thomas Mann, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1969)
  • Nov 9 James William Fulbright, American politician (Sen-D-Mo), born in Sumner, Missouri (d. 1995)
  • Nov 11 Israel Aaron Maisels, South African lawyer and communal leader, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Nov 14 L H Ruitenberg, vicar/editor in chief (Reformed of Netherlands)
  • Nov 14 Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian author
  • Nov 17 Astrid of Sweden, Queen of the Belgians, first wife of King Leopold III (1934-35), born in Arvfurstens palats, Stockholm, Kingdom of Sweden (d. 1935)
  • Nov 17 Wazyk [Adam Wagman], Polish poet/author (Eyes & Mouth)
  • Nov 22 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism)
  • Nov 29 Mowbray Henry Gordon Howard, 6th Earl of Effingham
  • Nov 29 Marcel Lefebvre, French Roman catholic bishop (d. 1991)
  • Dec 1 Charles Finney, American author (Circus of Dr Lao)
  • Dec 4 Emílio Garrastazu Médici, 28th President of Brazil (1969-74), born in Bagé, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (d. 1985)
  • Dec 7 Gerard Kuiper, Dutch-American astronomer (moons of Uranus, Neptune), born in Tuitjenhorn, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • Dec 8 Julius Silverman, British Labour Party politician, born in Leeds, England (d. 1996)
  • Dec 11 Eugen Fink, German philosopher, born in Konstanz, German Empire (d. 1975)
  • Dec 11 Robert Henriques, English writer (100 Hours to Suez) (d. 1967)
  • Dec 12 Manès Sperber, Austrian-French writer (Like a Tear in the Ocean: A Trilogy), born in Zabolotiv, Ukraine (d. 1984)
  • Dec 16 Piet Hein, poet/inventor
  • Dec 17 Simo Häyhä, Finnish sniper (d. 2002)
  • Dec 17 Érico Lopes Veríssimo, Brazilian writer (d. 1975)
  • Dec 19 (Charles) Robert Medley, English abstract and figurative style painter, born in London (d. 1994)
  • Dec 21 Anthony Powell, English novelist (Infants of Spring), born in Westminster, United Kingdom (d. 2000)
  • Dec 22 Kenneth Rexroth, American poet & translator & critical essayist (Birds in the Bush), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1982)
  • Dec 24 Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Dec 30 Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher
  • Dec 30 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1942)
  • Dec 31 Guy Mollet, Prime Minister of France (1956-57), born in Flers, France (d. 1975)
  • Dec 31 Tadeusz Breza, Polish writer (The Bronze Gate), born in Sekežintsõ, Ostrog (d. 1970)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History