On This Day

1906 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • Jan 1 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

InventionHistoric Invention

Jan 2 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • Jan 4 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
  • Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Miroirs" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 8 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • Jan 10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • Jan 12 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • Jan 12 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 12 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Jan 19 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 22 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • Jan 25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • Jan 27 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • Jan 29 Coen de King skates a world record 32,370m in one hour

  • Jan 31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • Feb 1 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • Feb 1 Dorothy Grey, wife of British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey fatally injured
  • Feb 2 Pope encyclical against separation of church & state
  • Feb 8 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; confusion because no declaration of war given
  • Feb 9 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • Feb 10 British battleship HMS Dreadnought launches after only 100 days, renders all other capital ships obsolete with its revolutionary design
  • Feb 10 State of siege proclaimed in Zululand
  • Feb 15 British Labour Party founded
  • Feb 18 Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'été à La Montagne" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 19 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's
  • Feb 22 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 24 Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
  • Feb 27 France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
  • Mar 3 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traian Vuia tested in France
  • Mar 6 Heavy storm bursts dike, flooding Vlissingen, Netherlands
  • Mar 6 Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Mar 7 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor
  • Mar 10 Europe's worst mining accident when a coal dust explosion kills 1,060 at Courrieres, France
  • Mar 10 Baker Street & Waterloo Railway opens, constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London. The contraction Bakerloo became the official name in July 1906.

  • Mar 12 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
  • Mar 15 Britons Rolls, Royce & Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd
  • Mar 17 The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio
  • Mar 19 Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London

  • Mar 24 "Census of the British Empire" shows Great Britain rules 1/5th of the world
  • Mar 27 Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mar 31 GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 31 Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States is founded to set rules in amateur sports; becomes the National Collegiate Athletic Association in 1910
  • Apr 5 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • Apr 5 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people
  • Apr 7 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • Apr 13 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Apr 15 The Armenian organization AGBU is established.
  • Apr 18 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

Historic CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

Apr 18 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city
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Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
  • Apr 18 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement
  • Apr 19 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • Apr 19 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • Apr 26 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia dismisses his moderate Prime Minister Witte and appoints Ivan Goremykin, a conservative bureaucrat

  • May 3 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • May 6 "Temporary" permit to erect overhead wires on Market Street, San Francisco allows United Railroads to run electric streetcars
  • May 6 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia claims right to legislate by decree and restricts the power of the Duma (Russian Parliament)
  • May 10 Russian Duma (Parliament) meets for 1st time
  • May 10 Italian King Victor Emmanuel & Swiss President Ludwig Forrer open Simplon tunnel
  • May 13 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
  • May 17 Switzerland's Simplon Tunnel open to rail traffic
  • May 19 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
  • May 19 Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
  • May 21 Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars
  • May 21 The US and Mexico sign an agreement over distribution of the waters of the Rio Grande, increasingly diverted to the US for irrigation
  • May 22 Wright Brothers are granted a patent for their "flying machine," having applied for one 3 years earlier (patent no. 821,393)
  • May 22 A British garrison leaves Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: the last British soldiers stationed in Canada
  • May 26 Archaeological Institute of America forms
  • May 26 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • May 31 Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria of Battenberg in Madrid
  • Jun 3 Belgian King Leopold II claims Congo as his private possession
  • Jun 5 Determined to keep pace with Britain as a major naval power, the German Reichstag passes new navy legislation, increasing the total tonnage in Germany's fleet
  • Jun 6 Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz)
  • Jun 7 Famous Cunard passenger liner Lusitania launches
  • Jun 9 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3
  • Jun 14 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • Jun 22 Haakon VII crowned King of Norway
  • Jun 29 US Congress pass the Hepburn Act, permitting the regulation of rates charged by railroads, pipelines, and terminals engaged in interstate commerce
  • Jun 30 John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act; these laws owe much to the expose journalism of the period (Upton Sinclair's 'The Jungle' in particular)

  • Jul 2 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • Jul 4 Great Britain, France, and Italy declare independence of Ethiopia (Abyssinia), but all lay claim to their own 'spheres of influence' in that land
  • Jul 11 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy"
  • Jul 12 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
  • Jul 15 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 17 Clement Armand Fallieres is elected President of France, but power lies with Georges Clémenceau

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • Jul 20 Brooklyn Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0
  • Jul 23 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
  • Jul 28 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
  • Aug 10 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • Aug 13 Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • Aug 15 1st freight delivery tunnel system begins, underneath Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits German Emperor Wilhelm II to discuss the escalating rivalry between their nations' naval forces

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Aug 16 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000
  • Aug 22 1st Victor Victrola manufactured

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 236

  • Jan 3 Roman Brandstaetter, writer
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • Jan 6 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • Jan 6 Jaap Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jan 8 Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
  • Jan 11 Albert Hofmann, Swiss chemist (discovered LSD)
  • Jan 11 Robert Nesbitt, impresario
  • Jan 13 Zhou Youguang [Zhou Yaoping], Chinese language scholar (father of pinyin), born in Changzhou (d. 2017)
  • Jan 15 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)
  • Jan 16 Clement Greenberg, art critic
  • Jan 18 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours), born in Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Jan 21 Fred Fehl, Austrian/US Broadway photographer
  • Jan 21 John Putz, British journalist (Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 22 Robert E. Howard, American pulp fiction author (Conan the Barbarian), born in Peaster, Texas (d. 1936)
  • Jan 22 Willa B Brown (Coffey), US African American air pioneer (NAAA)
  • Jan 24 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • Jan 28 Harry van Kruiningen, [Henri A Janssen], painter and graphic artist
  • Feb 3 George Adamson [Baba ya Simba - "Father of Lions"], British conservationist (Born Free), born in Etawah, India (d. 1989)
  • Feb 4 Clyde William Tombaugh, American astronomer (discovered Pluto)
  • Feb 4 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist (Confessing Church)
  • Feb 7 Henry P'u-i, last emperor of China, puppet emperor of Manchukuo
  • Feb 7 Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • Feb 8 Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopy)
  • Feb 8 Henry Roth, American writer (Call it Sleep), born in Tysmenitz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Feb 9 André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)
  • Feb 10 Henry Phelps Brown, British historian and economist, born in Calne (d. 1994)
  • Feb 10 Walraven (Wally) van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis
  • Feb 11 Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal
  • Feb 13 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)
  • Feb 15 Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
  • Feb 17 Galo Plaza Lasso, President of Ecuador (1948-52), head of OAS (1968-75)
  • Feb 18 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • Feb 24 Alexis Curvers, Belgian author (Tempo di Roma, Bourg-le-Rond)
  • Feb 25 Domingo Ortega, Spanish bullfighter
  • Feb 25 Howard Zahniser, Father of Wilderness Act
  • Feb 26 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, born in Athens (d. 1994)
  • Feb 27 H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)

Person of interestBugsy Siegel

Feb 28 Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, American gangster who created casinos in Las Vegas, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1947)

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel
  • Mar 3 Artur Lundkvist, Swedish writer/Swedish Academy (Agadir)
  • Mar 3 Krishnarao Shiva Shelvankar, journalist/diplomat
  • Mar 4 Meindert DeJong American author (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Georges Ronsse, Belgian national cyclo-cross and world champion road cyclist (d. 1969)
  • Mar 4 Charles Rudolph Walgreen, Jr., American businessman (d. 2007)
  • Mar 16 Francisco Ayala, Spanish writer, born in Granada, Spain (d. 2009)
  • Mar 17 Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], German actress (Gloria, Gold, Metropolis), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Mar 18 Roy L Johnson, US admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)

Person of interestAdolf Eichmann

Mar 19 Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), born in Solingen, German Empire (d. 1962)

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • Mar 20 Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC's 1st Jewish mayor
  • Mar 20 Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
  • Mar 21 John D. Rockefeller III, billionaire philanthropist (oil)
  • Mar 21 Jim Thompson, American designer and businessman

Person of interestA. J. P. Taylor

Mar 25 A.J.P Taylor [Alan John Percival], English historian (The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848–1918, Origins of the Second World War), born in Southport, England (d. 1990)

Historian A. J. P. Taylor
Historian
A. J. P. Taylor
  • Mar 25 Howard Pyle, (Gov-R-Az, 1951-55)
  • Mar 26 Rafael Mendez, Mexican trumpetist (d. 1981)
  • Apr 3 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College), born in Berwick-upon-Tweed (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • Apr 6 Virginia Hall [Goillot], American spy with British Special Operations during WWII (1940-1966), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1982)
  • Apr 8 Charles J B Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer (Mirror of the Sea)
  • Apr 9 Hugh Gaitskell, British politician (Leader of the Labour Party), born in Kensington, London (d. 1963)
  • Apr 9 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian-French painter and author (Op Art), born in Pécs, Hungary, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Apr 10 Kathleen Major, British historian and principal (St Hilda's College, England), born in Lincolnshire (d. 2001)
  • Apr 11 Dale Messick [Dalia Messick], American cartoonist (Brenda Starr, Reporter), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2005)

Person of interestSamuel Beckett

Apr 13 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett

Person of interestFaisal of Saudia Arabia

Apr 14 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

  • Apr 16 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist (d. 1994)
  • Apr 16 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 17 Sidney Garfield, American physician and pioneer of health maintenance organizations (Kaiser Permanente), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1984)
  • Apr 18 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Apr 21 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • Apr 22 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, Swedish prince second in line to the Swedish throne, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1946)
  • Apr 24 William Joyce, American-born Irish Fascist politician, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1946)
  • Apr 25 Sally Salminen, Finnish writer (Katrina), born in Vårdö, Finland (d. 1976)
  • Apr 25 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • Apr 27 Mark Alexander Abrams, English market researcher, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1994)
  • Apr 27 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • Apr 28 Bart [Bartholomeus Jan] Bok, Dutch-American astronomer (Milky Way), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Apr 28 Pierre Boileau, French novelist (Vertigo), born in Paris, France (d. 1989)
  • Apr 28 Kurt Gödel, Austrian-American mathematician (Gödel's incompleteness theorems), born in Brünn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1978)
  • May 1 Horst Schumann, Nazi physician, born in Halle an der Saale, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1983)
  • May 2 Philippe Halsman, American portrait photographer, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1979)
  • May 6 André Weil, French mathematician (foundational work in number theory and algebraic geometry), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • May 6 Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (La Llamarada), born in Moca, Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • May 9 Eleanor Estes, author (Ginger Pye, Moffats)
  • May 11 Jacqueline Cochran, US pilot and 1st woman to break the sound barrier, born in Muscogee, Florida (d. 1980)
  • May 12 William M Ewing, US geologist/geophysicist
  • May 13 Thomas Mitchell, architect and engineer, born (d. 1996)
  • May 14 Hastings Kamuzu Banda, president of Malawi (1964-94)
  • May 16 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuela, writer/minister (Lanzas Coloradas)
  • May 16 Nicholas Beriozoff, ballet master
  • May 16 Alfred Pellan, French Canadian painter (d. 1988)
  • May 16 Margret Rey, author and illustrator (d. 1996)
  • May 17 Eric Mensforth, British pioneer in the development of the helicopter in Britain, born in Stretford, Manchester (d. 2000)
  • May 20 Giuseppe Siri, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
  • May 24 John Mayo, director-general (Help the Aged)
  • May 27 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), born in Birkenhead, Cheshire (d. 1992)

Person of interestT. H. White

May 29 T. H. White, English novelist (England Have My Bones) and author of the King Arthur novels,, born in Bombay, British India (d. 1964)

Author T. H. White
Author
T. H. White
  • May 30 Bruno Gröning, German faith healer (d. 1959)
  • Jun 5 John Kemp, 1st Viscount Rochdale, British soldier and businessman (d. 1993)
  • Jun 6 Max August Zorn, German mathematician (lemma of Zorn), born in Krefeld, Rhenish Prussia, Germany (d. 1993)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 17 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt's daughter Alice marries in the White House

LoveWedding of Interest

May 2 US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes marries Maude Busch

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes

LoveWedding of Interest

May 3 Waldof Astor marries fellow American Nancy Langhorne Shaw at All Souls Church in London, England

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 28 Future dictator of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin (27) weds Ekaterina Svanidze (21) at St. David's Church in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia)

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Sir Hugh Nelson, Australian politician (Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, English Archaeologist who excavated Jericho (the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement that has been inhabited for the last 11,000 years), dies at 72
  • Jan 13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • Jan 16 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, dies at 71
  • Jan 19 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), dies at 84
  • Jan 25 Joseph Wheeler, American Major General (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee), dies at 70
  • Jan 25 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, dies at 78
  • Jan 29 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1893-1906), dies at 87

Person of interestPaul Laurence Dunbar

Feb 9 Paul Laurence Dunbar, African American dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio

  • Feb 10 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, dies at 78
  • Feb 13 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, dies at 39
  • Feb 18 Willem Doorenbos, Dutch literary and critic, dies at 85
  • Feb 18 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, dies at 75
  • Feb 23 Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
  • Feb 27 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71
  • Mar 1 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833)
  • Mar 1 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), dies at 68
  • Mar 4 John McAllister Schofield, former U.S. Secretary of War and Commanding General of the U.S. Army (b. 1831)
  • Mar 10 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), dies at 67

Person of interestSusan B. Anthony

Mar 13 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, dies of pneumonia at 86

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • Mar 15 Alfred Gilpin Jones, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1900-06), dies at 81
  • Mar 17 Carlos Calvo, Argentina diplomat (Calvo Clause), dies at 82
  • Mar 29 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (b. 1878)
  • Mar 30 Betsy Perk [Christina Elizabeth], Dutch journalist, writer and pioneer of the Dutch women's movement, dies at 73
  • Apr 6 Alexander L Kielland, Norwegian writer (Working People), dies at 57
  • Apr 8 Auguste Deter, German woman notable for being the 1st person diagnosed with Alzheimer's, dies of sepsis caused by an infected bedsore at 55
  • Apr 11 Georgi Apollonovitch Gapon, Rus-orthodox clergyman/tsarist agent, dies

Person of interestJames Anthony Bailey

Apr 11 James Anthony Bailey, American circus ringmaster and showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 58

Circus Showman and Businessman James Anthony Bailey
Circus Showman and Businessman
James Anthony Bailey
  • Apr 11 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (b. 1839)
  • Apr 18 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 59
  • Apr 19 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, dies in a cart accident at 46
  • Apr 20 Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26
  • May 12 Gabriel C. Wharton, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • May 14 Carl Schurz, German revolutionary and statesman (b. 1829)
  • May 23 Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian playwright (Doll House, Peer Gynt), dies at 78
  • May 31 Hermann Schell, German theologist (Gott und Geist), dies at 56
  • May 31 King Alfonso XIII, assassinated in Madrid
  • May 31 Victoria von Battenberg, assassinated in Madrid
  • Jun 5 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (b. 1842)
  • Jun 6 Johan Philip van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter, lithographer and writer, dies at 74
  • Jun 7 Johan P. Van de Kellen, stamp cutter/lithographer, dies at 74
  • Jun 10 Richard John Seddon, longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand, dies at 61
  • Jun 11 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • Jun 17 William Dale, international legal consultant, dies
  • Jun 20 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • Jun 22 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), dies at 34
  • Jun 25 Stanford White, American architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit at 52
  • Jul 5 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), committed suicide at 42
  • Jul 15 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), dies at 67
  • Jul 19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, dies at 57
  • Aug 24 Alfred Stevens, Belgian painter, dies
  • Aug 30 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, dies at 59
  • Sep 5 Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (thermodynamics), dies at 62
  • Sep 19 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • Sep 20 Robert R. Hitt, American politician (b. 1834)
  • Sep 21 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator, dies at 72
  • Sep 23 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist and Mayor of Antwerp, dies at 53
  • Oct 5 Raja Ravi Varma, Indian painter, dies at 58
  • Oct 7 Honoré Beaugrand, Canadian journalist and politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1848)
  • Oct 9 Joseph Glidden, American inventor (barbed wire) and businessman, dies at 93
  • Oct 16 Varina Howell Davis, First Lady of the Confederate States (1862-65), dies at 80

Person of interestPaul Cézanne

Oct 22 Paul Cézanne, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), dies of pneumonia at 67

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • Nov 4 John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • Nov 9 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor of Ukkel, dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Hendrik Jan Schimmel, Dutch writer and dramatist (2 Tudors), dies at 83
  • Nov 22 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, dies at 55
  • Dec 7 Élie Ducommun, Swiss journalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1833)
  • Dec 14 Jean Abraham Chrétien Oudemans, Dutch geographer & astronomer, dies at 78
  • Dec 30 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", dies at 92