January 1906 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • Jan 1 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

Air Conditioning

Jan 2 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

  • Jan 4 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
  • Jan 8 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • Jan 10 The British and French begin consultations on military and naval issues
  • Jan 12 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100 (100.26)
  • Jan 12 Football rules committee legalizes forward pass

Election of Interest

Jan 12 Henry Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet (which included H. H. Asquith, David Lloyd George, and Winston Churchill) embarks on sweeping social reforms after a Liberal landslide in the British general election

  • Jan 16 -Apr 13] Conference of Algeciras (about Morocco)

Theater Premiere

Jan 19 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

  • Jan 22 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130
  • Jan 25 Del Valle Inclans "El Marqués de Bradomin" premieres in Madrid
  • Jan 27 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • Jan 31 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Aleksey Stachanov, Russian model miner, born in Lugovaya, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • Jan 3 Roman Brandstaetter, Polish poet, playwright and journalist, born in Tarnów, Poland (d. 1987)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • Jan 6 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • Jan 6 Jaap Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Jan 8 Jan A.H.J.S. Bruins Slot, Dutch co-founder and editor (illegal) (d. 1972)

Albert HofmannAlbert Hofmann (1906-2008)

Jan 11 Swiss chemist who first synthesized and ingested LSD, born in Baden, Switzerland

  • Jan 11 Robert Nesbitt, English theatre impresario (Royal Variety Show), born in London, England (d. 1995)

Zhou YouguangZhou Youguang (1906-2017)

Jan 13 Chinese economist and linguist known as the "father of pinyin", born in Changchow, Kiangsu, Qing Empire

  • Jan 15 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)
  • Jan 16 Clement Greenberg, American art critic (Art & Culture), born in New York City (d. 1994)
  • Jan 18 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours), born in Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • Jan 21 Fred Fehl, Austrian-American photographer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • Jan 21 John Putz, British journalist (Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • Jan 22 Robert E. Howard, American pulp fiction author (Conan the Barbarian), born in Peaster, Texas (d. 1936)
  • Jan 22 Willa Brown, American air pioneer (NAAA) and civil rights activist (1st African American woman to hold a pilot's license), born in Glasgow, Kentucky (d. 1992)
  • Jan 24 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • Jan 28 Harry van Kruiningen, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Kruiningen, Netherlands (d. 1996)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Sir Hugh Nelson, Australian politician (Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • Jan 5 Kathleen Kenyon, English Archaeologist who excavated Jericho (the oldest known continuously occupied human settlement that has been inhabited for the last 11,000 years), dies at 72
  • Jan 13 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • Jan 16 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, dies at 71
  • Jan 19 Bartolomé Mitre [Martínez], Argentine general, author, statesman and President (1862-1868), dies at 84
  • Jan 25 Joseph Wheeler, American Major General (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee), dies at 70
  • Jan 25 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, dies at 78
  • Jan 29 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1893-1906), dies at 87