On This Day

1908 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
  • Jan 2 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • Jan 7 England beat Australia by one wicket at the MCG
  • Jan 9 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • Jan 9 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established
  • Jan 12 A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • Jan 13 Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.

PlaneHenri Farman Wins the Grand Prix d'Aviation

Jan 13 Henri Farman becomes the first person to fly an observed circuit of more than 1km, winning the Grand Prix d'Aviation
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Henri Farman crosses the line to win the Grand Prix d'Aviation for the first observed circular flight of 1km
Henri Farman crosses the line to win the Grand Prix d'Aviation for the first observed circular flight of 1km
  • Jan 14 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v England in Adelaide (116)
  • Jan 15 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
  • Jan 15 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority: first Greek-letter organization established by African American college for women
  • Jan 16 Pinnacles National Monument, California established
  • Jan 18 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • Jan 21 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • Jan 21 "Sullivan Ordinance" is passed in NYC, making it illegal for a woman to smoke in public places. It was vetoed 2 weeks later by mayor George B. McClellan Jr.
  • Jan 22 Katie Mulcahey is arrested for lighting a cigarette, violating the 1-day old "Sullivan Ordinance" banning women from smoking in public, and is fined $5. Appearing before the judge she stated “I’ve got as much right to smoke as you have. I never heard of this new law, and I don’t want to hear about it. No man shall dictate to me.”

  • Jan 23 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 24 Lieutenant General Robert Baden-Powell publishes "Scouting for Boys" as a manual for self-instruction in outdoor skills and self-improvement. The book becomes the inspiration for the Scout Movement.

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • Jan 25 John Blockx's opera "Baldie" premieres in Antwerp
  • Jan 27 Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
  • Jan 29 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • Feb 1 King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
  • Feb 3 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Feb 3 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • Feb 4 Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma on November 16, 1907
  • Feb 11 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • Feb 12 Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
  • Feb 18 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
  • Feb 18 The American ambassador to Japan is given a note by the Japanese in which they agree to restrict Japanese emigration to the US; this becomes known as the 'Gentlemen's Agreement'
  • Feb 24 In 'Muller v Oregon', the US Supreme Court favors an Oregon law limiting maximum hours a woman may work and denies that it curtails 'liberty of contract'
  • Feb 25 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens
  • Feb 27 Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
  • Feb 28 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • Feb 29 Dutch scientists produce solid helium
  • Mar 4 Primary school catches fire in Collingwood, Ohio (180 killed)
  • Mar 5 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica

  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stands before city council and announces that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles"
  • Mar 8 Dutch utopist Frederick of Eden speaks in Carnegie Hall, NY
  • Mar 12 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia
  • Mar 15 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"
  • Mar 23 American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in hospital two days later
  • Mar 25 Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 5 British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 H. H. Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • Apr 12 Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea, Massachusetts
  • Apr 16 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • Apr 21 Frederick Cook claims to reach North Pole (He didn't)
  • Apr 23 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • Apr 24 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m
  • May 1 World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
  • May 2 1908 "Take me out to the Ball Game" registered for copyright.

BoatGreat White Fleet

May 5 Great White Fleet arrives in San Francisco
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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
  • May 7 Emperor Franz-Joseph celebrates his golden jubilee with festivities throughout the Austro-Hungarian empire
  • May 9 Dirk Fock becomes governor of Suriname
  • May 10 1st Mother's Day observed (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 George Bernard Shaw's "Getting Married" premieres in London

  • May 12 Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B Stubblefield
  • May 14 1st passenger flight in an airplane
  • May 15 Reich Association Law comes into force
  • May 21 Bill Burns pitching for Washington Senators has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • May 23 Dirigible explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none killed
  • May 23 Part of Great White Fleet arrives in Puget Sound, Washington
  • May 24 Belgium Catholic socialist/liberal parliamentary election
  • May 24 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • May 26 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made, rights acquired by the United Kingdom
  • May 27 Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din iss elected the first Khalifa of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
  • May 30 1st federal workmen's compensation law approved
  • May 30 Aldrich Vineland Currency Act forerunner to Federal Reserve System
  • May 30 Paris advocate E Archdeacon is 1st passenger in a airplane
  • May 30 US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah authorized
  • May 31 Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
  • Jun 1 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Tsar Nicholas II at Reval, Russia, where the two discuss the growing power of Germany and British plans for reform in Macedonia

  • Jun 10 1st flying club, Aeronautical Society of NY, opens
  • Jun 10 The Australian Parliament passes the Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act providing for pensions for British subjects (excluding aborigines) at age 65
  • Jun 12 Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • Jun 14 Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing of the building of another four major warships
  • Jun 15 World congress for Women's rights opens in Amsterdam

<b>Republican</b> PartyRepublican Party

Jun 16 The Republican Party convenes in Chicago where President Theodore Roosevelt picks William Howard Taft as his successor

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 18 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • Jun 23 The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro's government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899
  • Jun 23 Shah Mohammed Ali leads a successful counter-revolution in Persia, aided by the Russian legation and a Cossack brigade

RussiaTunguska Fireball

Jun 30 A giant fireball, most likely caused by the air burst of a large meteoroid or comet flattens 80 million trees near the Stony Tunguska River in Yeniseysk Governorate, Russia, in the largest impact event in recorded history
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Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
Downed Trees as a result of the Tunguska explosion in Russia in 1908
  • Jul 1 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • Jul 3 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • Jul 5 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Jul 6 Robert Peary's arctic expedition sails from NYC for the north pole

Arctic Explorer Robert Peary
Arctic Explorer
Robert Peary
  • Jul 7 Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 7 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jul 8 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • Jul 9 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • Jul 10 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • Jul 24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • Jul 25 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • Jul 26 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)
  • Aug 3 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • Aug 7 The first train to travel the length of New Zealand's North Island 'main trunk line', leaves Wellington
  • Aug 11 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy

Historic InventionModel T

Aug 12 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car
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The 1910 Model T Ford
The 1910 Model T Ford
  • Aug 13 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 229


Person of interestSimone de Beauvoir

Jan 9 Simone de Beauvoir, French author & feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex), born in Paris, France (d. 1986)

  • Jan 12 Clement Hurd, American illustrator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1988)

Person of interestEdward Teller

Jan 15 Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist, father of the Hydrogen bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • Jan 16 Günther Prien, German World War II submarine captain (d. 1941)
  • Jan 17 Akkineni LV Lakshmi Varaprasada Rao Prasad, producer
  • Jan 18 Albert P. Morano, American politician (Rep-R-Conn, 1951-59), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1987)
  • Jan 18 Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, mother of the current King of Sweden, born in Schloss Friedenstein Gotha, Gotha, Germany (d. 1972)
  • Jan 19 Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • Jan 20 Wilfred Conwell Bain, American music educator, born in Shawville, Canada (d. 1997)
  • Jan 25 Lord Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph/Autocar), born in Coventry, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • Jan 27 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (Hearst Newspapers) and 1955 Pulitzer Prize winner, (d. 1993)
  • Jan 29 Adam Clayton Powell, (Rep-D-NY, 1945-70)
  • Feb 1 George Pal, Hungarian/American director (When Worlds Collide, Puppetoons)
  • Feb 5 Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)
  • Feb 6 Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician (Prime Minister), born in Pieve Santo Stefano, Italy (d. 1999)
  • Feb 6 Edward Lansdale, United States Air Force Officer, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • Feb 8 Leslie Kenneth O'Brien, Lord O'Brien of Lothbury, missionary
  • Feb 11 Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
  • Feb 11 Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)
  • Feb 12 Jacques Herbrand, French logician and mathematician (d. 1931)
  • Feb 12 Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (d. 1982)
  • Feb 15 Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
  • Feb 15 Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
  • Feb 20 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1)
  • Feb 20 Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix
  • Feb 22 Romulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (1945-48, 1958-64)
  • Feb 23 William McMahon, Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
  • Feb 25 Frank G Slaughter, author (Sangaree)
  • Feb 26 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
  • Feb 26 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • Feb 28 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (d. 2005)
  • Feb 29 Balthus [Balthazar Klossowski], French Polish painter (Valerie), born in Paris, France (d. 2001)
  • Mar 2 Jan Brasser, Dutch resistance fighter (Witte Ko)/communist
  • Mar 2 Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (d. 1968)
  • Mar 2 Walter Bruch, German engineer (d. 1990)
  • Mar 4 Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [NS=Mar 17]
  • Mar 5 Irving Fiske, American writer, playwright, (d. 1990)
  • Mar 7 Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st chamber member (CPN)
  • Mar 12 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician
  • Mar 12 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 13 Walter Annenberg, American publisher (Triangle-TV Guide) and philanthropist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2002)
  • Mar 14 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher
  • Mar 14 Ed Heinemann, American aircraft designer (Douglas Aircraft; d. 1991)
  • Mar 17 Boris N Poveloi, [Kampov], Russian journalist/writer [OS=Mar 4]
  • Mar 22 Maurice Stans, American politician, Secretary of Commerce and Watergate figure, born in Shakopee, Minnesota (d. 1998)
  • Mar 22 Albrecht Goes, German writer and theologian, born in Langenbeutingen (d. 2000)
  • Mar 22 Louis D L'Amour, American best-selling author (Hondo, Jubal Sackett), born in Jamestown, North Dakota (d. 1988)
  • Mar 22 Maurice H Stans, Shakope Minn, Secretary of Commerce (1969-72)
  • Mar 23 Dominique de Menil, arts patron/human rights advocate
  • Mar 25 Bridget D'Oyly Carte, British theater & hotel director, born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • Mar 26 Betty MacDonald, [Anne E Campbell Bard], American writer (Egg & I)
  • Mar 26 Kenneth Mellanby, entomologist
  • Mar 26 Robert William Paine, architect
  • Mar 27 Jacques [Izaak] den Haan, Dutch writer (Dangerous Book), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • Apr 1 Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
  • Apr 4 Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American author (Cheaper by the Dozen), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • Apr 5 Jagjivan Ram, Indian independence activist and politician, born in Chandwa, Bhojpur, Bihar, British India (d. 1986)
  • Apr 7 Le Duan, Vietnamese politician
  • Apr 8 Neil Lawson, British high court judge
  • Apr 10 Aidan Crawley, British journalist and politician (Labour MP 1945-51), born in Benenden, Kent (d. 1993)
  • Apr 11 Masaru Ibuka, Japanese electronics industrialist (Sony Corp), born in Nikkō City, Japan (d. 1997)
  • Apr 11 Jane Bolin, first African American female judge, born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 2007)
  • Apr 12 Carlos Lleras Restrepo, President of Colombia (1966-70), born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1994)
  • Apr 12 Robert Lee Scott, Jr., American General and Air Force pilot, born in Waynesboro, Georgia (d. 2006)
  • Apr 20 Wilhelmus Marinus Bekkers, Dutch Roman Catholic bishop of Hertogenbosch, born in Sint-Oedenrode, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Apr 29 Jack Williamson, American sci-fi author (Cometeers), born in Brisbee, Arizona Territory (d. 2006)
  • Apr 30 Bjarni Benediktsson, 13th Prime Minister of Iceland (1963-70), born in Reykjavík, Iceland (d. 1970)
  • May 1 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian writer (Don Camillo, Peppone), born in Roccabianca, Emilia, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1968)
  • May 5 Jacques Massu, French general who led Battle of Algiers, born in Châlons-sur-Marne (d. 2002)
  • May 5 Kurt Böhme, German bass, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1989)
  • May 9 Mary Goldsmith, American ceramist (d. 2007)
  • May 10 Carl Albert, , American politician, US speaker of the House (1971-77), (Rep (D) OK 1947-77), born in McAlester, Oklahoma (d. 2000)
  • May 10 Henry Diamond, Irish Nationalist MP
  • May 13 Michael Richardson, commandant (Home for Disabled Sailors)
  • May 16 Hilary Preston, editor
  • May 16 Mohammed Roem, Indonesian foreign minister (Linggadjati)

Person of interestJohn Bardeen

May 23 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), born in Madison, Wisconsin (d. 1991)

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • May 23 Max Abramovitz, US architect (Lincoln Center, UN Building)
  • May 24 Michael Roberts, English historian, born in Lytham St Annes, Lancashire (d. 1996)
  • May 25 Theodore Roethke, American poet (Words for the Wind), born in Saginaw, Michigan (d. 1963)
  • May 26 Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, Prime Minister of South Vietnam, born in Long Xuyên, Annam, French Indochina (d. 1976)
  • May 27 Melle Oldeboerrigter, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1976)
  • Jun 1 Percy Edwards, English entertainer (known for his animal impressions), born in Suffolk, England (d.1996)
  • Jun 4 Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal, Hitler's reputed lover and half-niece, born in Linz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1931)
  • Jun 4 Walther Vanbeselaere, Flemish art historian, born in Zevekote, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • Jun 4 Tony Giffard, 3rd Earl of Halsbury, British peer and scientist (d. 2000)
  • Jun 5 Jack Jacob, British senior master (British Supreme Court), born in Shanghai (d. 2000)
  • Jun 10 Brinsley Ford, British art historian and CEO (National Art Collections Fund), born in Petworth, Sussex, England (d. 1999)
  • Jun 11 Clifford Leofric Purdy Bishop, Anglican pastor and bishop, born in Cley next the Sea, Suffolk, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 12 Ronald Selby Wright, Scottish Church of Scotland minister, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • Jun 13 Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, Portuguese painter (Infinite Passage), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1992)

Person of interestSam Giancana

Jun 15 Sam Giancana, American mafioso, born in Chicago, Illinois

Gangster Sam Giancana
Gangster
Sam Giancana
  • Jun 17 Jacob "Jimmy" Herman Huizinga, journalist/Writer
  • Jun 17 Enrique Peralta Azurdia, Colonel and military President of Guatemala (1963-66), born in Guatemala City (d. 1997)
  • Jun 18 Bud Collyer, American TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 18 Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • Jun 19 Ernst B. Chain, German-British chemist and bacteriologist (penicillin, Nobel 1945), born in Berlin (d. 1979)
  • Jun 19 Quentin N Burdick, (Sen-D-ND, 1960-91)
  • Jun 21 William Frankena, American philosopher, born in Manhattan, Montana (d. 1994)
  • Jun 22 George Armin Goyder, businessman and social philosopher (d. 1997)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

May 19 Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent (26) weds Jeanne Renault

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 9 Poet Joyce Kilmer (21) weds author Aline Murray (19)

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 2 Naval officer Robert Scott (40) weds sculptress Kathleen Bruce (30) at the Chapel Royal in London, England

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott

LoveWedding of Interest

Sep 12 Politician Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 25 Vaudeville performer Will Rogers (29) weds Betty Blake

Humorist Will Rogers
Humorist
Will Rogers

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Antony Winkler Prins, writer (Groiller Encyclopaedia), dies at 70
  • Jan 9 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • Jan 9 Wilhelm Busch, German poet, dies at 75
  • Jan 14 Holger Drachmann, writer, dies
  • Jan 17 Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, dies at 72
  • Jan 25 Ouida, English writer (b. 1839)
  • Jan 28 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 47
  • Feb 1 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by Republican sympathisers at 44
  • Feb 10 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist, Nationalist and a founder of Egyptian National Party, dies at 33
  • Feb 21 Harriet Hosmer, American neoclassical sculptor, dies at 77
  • Feb 23 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • Feb 29 Pat Garrett, American Western lawman, dies at 57
  • Feb 29 John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, first Governor-General of Australia (as Lord Hopetoun)
  • Mar 3 Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely, German Jesuit biblical scholar, dies at 77
  • Mar 11 Benjamin Waugh, English social reformer who founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, dies at 69
  • Mar 12 Edmondo de Amicis, Italian writer (L'idioma Gentile), dies at 61
  • Mar 25 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (b. 1851)
  • Mar 28 John Eliot, English meteorologist, dies at 68
  • Apr 22 Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • May 23 Francois Coppee, French poet, dies
  • May 26 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Indies theologist (Ahmadiyya motion), dies at 69
  • May 31 Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Canadian poet, dies at 68
  • Jun 2 Redvers Buller, English general and recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies at 68
  • Jun 9 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os meus amores), dies at 46
  • Jun 11 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, dies at 45
  • Jun 14 Frederick Arthur Stanley, Governor general of Canada (b. 1841)

Person of interestGrover Cleveland

Jun 24 Grover Cleveland, 22nd & 24th US President (1885-89, 93-97), dies at 71

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Jul 3 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer (created Uncle Remus stories), dies at 59
  • Jul 5 Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (The Family at Gilje: A Domestic Story of the Forties), dies at 74
  • Jul 10 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, dies at 78
  • Jul 22 William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • Jul 24 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet, dies at 41 (b. the same day 1867)
  • Aug 8 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, architect (Wiener Sezession), dies at 40
  • Aug 11 Khudiram Bose, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1889)

Person of interestHenri Becquerel

Aug 25 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), dies at 55

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • Aug 25 Eyre Massey Shaw, British first chief of London Fire Brigade, dies at 78
  • Aug 26 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, dies at 71
  • Aug 30 Alexander P. Stewart, American Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), dies at 86
  • Sep 3 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, Dutch jurist and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1888-93), dies at 61
  • Sep 17 Thomas E Selfridge, earlier American aviator, 1st to die in an air crash
  • Sep 23 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, dies at 74
  • Sep 29 Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis, Brazilian writer (Epitaph of a small winner), dies at 69
  • Nov 4 Tomés Estrada Palma, 1st president Cuba (1902-06), dies

Person of interestButch Cassidy

Nov 7 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American train and bank robber, shot by Bolivian soldiers at 42

  • Nov 8 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, dies at 60
  • Nov 12 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), dies at 60
  • Nov 14 Kwang-siu, emperor of China, dies
  • Nov 15 Empress Dowager Cixi [the old Buddha], empress-widow of China, dies at 72
  • Nov 16 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French-Canadian politician (7th Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia), dies at 78
  • Nov 20 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), dies at 40
  • Nov 27 Jean Albert Gaudry, French geologist and palaeontologist, dies at 81
  • Dec 9 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), dies of injuries sustained in an elevator accident at 68
  • Dec 13 Augustus Le Plongeon, French-American photographer and antiquitarian, dies at 83
  • Dec 22 Marie Jungius, Dutch teacher/fairy tale writer, dies at 44
  • Dec 30 Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian lawyer, journalist and senator (b. 1844)