July 1908 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 "SOS" (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help
  • Jul 3 Indian nationalist Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrested for sedition by the British in wake of Muzzafarpur bombing
  • Jul 5 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
  • Jul 6 Robert Peary's expedition sails from NYC for north pole

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 7 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jul 8 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • Jul 9 CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • Jul 10 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • Jul 24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • Jul 25 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • Jul 26 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation)
  • Jul 29 St Louis Browns Rube Waddell strikes out 16 Philadelphia Athletics

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
  • Jul 2 Jean Sinclair, teacher/campaigner

Person of interestThurgood Marshall

Jul 2 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • Jul 3 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France (d. 1998)
  • Jul 3 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, born in Albion, Michigan (d. 1992)
  • Jul 3 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1984)
  • Jul 7 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • Jul 7 Harriette Arnow, Wayne Co, Ky, novelist (Dollmaker)
  • Jul 7 Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)

Person of interestNelson Rockefeller

Jul 8 Nelson Rockefeller, American politician (Vice President: 1974-1977; Governor of New York (R), 1959-73), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1979)

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller
  • Jul 9 Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, born in Hyderabad, India (d. 1973)
  • Jul 12 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Jul 14 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • Jul 16 Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist and politician (first Mayor of Delhi), born in Kalka, Punjab, British India (d. 1996)
  • Jul 16 Maurice Adams, British surgeon and rear admiral
  • Jul 18 Peace Pilgrim [Mildred Lisette Norman], American peace activist, born in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (d. 1981)

Person of interestMad Dog Coll

Jul 20 [Vincent] Mad Dog Coll, Irish-American mob hitman, born in Gweedore, Ireland (d. 1932)

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Jul 22 Amy Vanderbilt, American authority on etiquette (Complete Book of Etiquette, Complete Cook Book), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 25 Joseph Mitchell, American writer (Joe Gould's Secret), born in Fairmont, North Carolina (d. 1996)

Person of interestSalvador Allende

Jul 26 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • Jul 27 Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2004)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 3 Joel Chandler Harris, American writer, created Uncle Remus, dies at 59
  • Jul 5 Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (The Family at Gilje: A Domestic Story of the Forties), dies at 74
  • Jul 10 Eliza Laurillard, Dutch vicar, poet and writer, dies at 78
  • Jul 22 William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • Jul 24 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet, dies at 41 (b. the same day 1867)