On This Day

October 1908 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
The mass-produced Model T that brought motoring to the masses
The mass-produced Model T that brought motoring to the masses
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 5 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • Oct 6 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Oct 7 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • Oct 7 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • Oct 18 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • Oct 20 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • Oct 24 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 3 David Herbert, British writer and raconteur (d. 1995)
  • Oct 5 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), born in Texarcana, Texas (d. 1988)
  • Oct 6 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
  • Oct 9 Jim Folsom, American politician (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59), born in Coffee County, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • Oct 9 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, England (d. 1961)
  • Oct 10 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • Oct 12 Ann Lane Petry, American journalist and author (Street), born in Old Saybrook, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Oct 12 Paul Engle, American poet and writer (Worm Earth, American Song), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1991)
  • Oct 13 John Grant, British rear-admiral (Royal Navy) (d. 1996)
  • Oct 13 Werner Reinowski, German writer, born in Bernburg, Germany (d. 1987)

Person of interestJohn Kenneth Galbraith

Oct 15 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), born in Iona Station, Ontario (d. 2006)

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • Oct 16 Enver Hoxha, post-war leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania (d. 1985)
  • Oct 22 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist
  • Oct 23 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1990
  • Oct 24 John Alwyne Kitching, British zoologist (d. 1996)
  • Oct 24 John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 1993)
  • Oct 25 Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (L'histoire de Jonas), born in Belgium (d. 2004)
  • Oct 27 Lee Krasner, American abstract expressionist painter, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1984)