On This Day

1908 in History (Part 2)

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Bank of Italy (now Bank of America) opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery, San Francisco

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • Aug 20 Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo

BoatGreat White Fleet

Aug 20 America's Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia

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American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
American naval ships leave Virginia on December 16, 1907, the first day of their two-year voyage
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  • Aug 25 Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race
  • Aug 25 National Association of Colored Nurses forms
  • Aug 29 NY gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London
  • Sep 3 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 9 Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va

  • Sep 9 Russia takes part of Poland
  • Sep 12 Canada appoints a Civil Service Commission, initiating a more equitable system for selecting civil servants
  • Sep 16 Carriage-maker, William C. Durant, founds General Motors in Flint, Michigan
  • Sep 17 Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
  • Sep 18 Cleveland Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1
  • Sep 22 Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • Sep 23 University of Alberta opens

Historic InventionModel T

Sep 27 Henry Ford's first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan

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The 1910 Model T Ford
The 1910 Model T Ford
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 30 Maurice Maeterlinck's "L'oiseau Blue" premieres in Moscow

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • Oct 1 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
The mass-produced Model T that brought motoring to the masses
The mass-produced Model T that brought motoring to the masses
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 5 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • Oct 6 Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
  • Oct 7 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • Oct 7 Serbia & Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
  • Oct 18 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
  • Oct 20 King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • Oct 24 Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 The English Newspaper the Daily Telegraph prints an interview with Germany's Emperor Wilhelm II, who characterises himself as personally friendly to Britain but suggests the German people are hostile, causing uproar in both countries

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3 William Howard Taft (R) elected 27th U.S. President over William Jennings Bryan (D)

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • Nov 6 Leonid Andreyev's "Dui Nashey Zhizni" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Nov 7 Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • Nov 10 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room
  • Nov 12 Andrew Fisher assumes the position of prime minister for what turns out to be a short-lived second Labour government, Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Nov 14 Liberal candidate Jose Miguel Gomez wins national elections for president in Cuba
  • Nov 28 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 30 The US Secretary of State and Japan's ambassador to the US exchange notes in what becomes known as the Root-Takahira Agreement: they affirm support for an independent China with an 'open door' policy and for the status quo in the Pacific
  • Dec 2 Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
  • Dec 4 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • Dec 4 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • Dec 5 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
  • Dec 9 The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
  • Dec 11 Frederick Delius' "In a Summer Garden" premieres in London
  • Dec 16 1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 17 In Turkey the new parliament convenes with reformist Young Turks as the majority

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • Dec 28 Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • Dec 29 Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisconsin

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 225

  • Jun 29 Paul Lebeau, Flemish writer (Last Rose, Xanthippe), born in Borgerhout, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Jun 30 Charles Camproux, French linguistic and author (Bestiari), born in Marseilles, France (d. 1994)
  • Jun 30 Monica Maurice, industrialist and Managing Director and Chairman of the Wolf Safety Lamp Company, Sheffield, born in Hucknall, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 30 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • Jul 1 Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
  • Jul 2 Jean Sinclair, South African campaigner, founder member and first president of the Black Sash in 1955, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 1996)

Person of interestThurgood Marshall

Jul 2 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • Jul 3 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France (d. 1998)
  • Jul 3 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, born in Albion, Michigan (d. 1992)
  • Jul 3 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1984)
  • Jul 7 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • Jul 7 Harriette Arnow, Wayne Co, Ky, novelist (Dollmaker)
  • Jul 7 Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)

Person of interestNelson Rockefeller

Jul 8 Nelson Rockefeller, American politician (Vice President: 1974-1977; Governor of New York (R), 1959-73), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1979)

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller
  • Jul 9 Rasheed Turabi, Pakistani scholar, orator and philosopher, born in Hyderabad, India (d. 1973)
  • Jul 12 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • Jul 14 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • Jul 16 Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist and politician (first Mayor of Delhi), born in Kalka, Punjab, British India (d. 1996)
  • Jul 16 Maurice Adams, British surgeon and rear admiral
  • Jul 18 Peace Pilgrim [Mildred Lisette Norman], American peace activist, born in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (d. 1981)

Person of interestMad Dog Coll

Jul 20 [Vincent] Mad Dog Coll, Irish-American mob hitman, born in Gweedore, Ireland (d. 1932)

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • Jul 22 Amy Vanderbilt, American authority on etiquette (Complete Book of Etiquette, Complete Cook Book), born in NYC, New York
  • Jul 25 Joseph Mitchell, American writer (Joe Gould's Secret), born in Fairmont, North Carolina (d. 1996)

Person of interestSalvador Allende

Jul 26 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • Jul 27 Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2004)
  • Aug 4 Leslie Wilkinson, journalist
  • Aug 4 Osbert Lancaster, English cartoonist and author (Daily Express), born in London (d. 1986)
  • Aug 6 James Lees-Milne, English writer and architectural historian, born in Wickhamford, Worcestershire (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Sol Adler, economist Sinophile
  • Aug 8 Arthur J Goldberg, Ill, UN ambassador/Supreme Court justice (1962-65)
  • Aug 8 Chivu Stoica, premier of Romania (1955-61)
  • Aug 12 Lord Renton, QC/British government minister
  • Aug 14 Jean Knox, Director of the Auxiliary Territorial Service (1941-43) (d. 1993)
  • Aug 16 William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (The New Yorker), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Aug 18 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu), born in North Sumatra, Indonesia (d. 1970)
  • Aug 18 Edgar Faure, Prime Minister of France (1952, 52-56) and writer, born in Béziers, France (d. 1988)
  • Aug 20 John Reginald Bevins, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 1996)
  • Aug 20 Kingsley Davis, American sociologist and demographer (coined the term "population explosion"), born in Tuxedo, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Aug 21 M. M. Kaye, British writer (The Far Pavilions), born in Shimla, India (d. 2004)

Person of interestHenri Cartier-Bresson

Aug 22 Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer famous for 'The Decisive Moment', born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, France (d. 2004)

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Photographer
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • Aug 23 Arthur Adamov, Russian-French playwright (Paolo Paoli), born in Kislovodsk, Terek Oblast, Russia (d. 1970)
  • Aug 23 Cornelis van Dis Sr., Dutch chemist and politician, born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • Aug 23 Hannah Frank, Scottish artist and sculptor, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • Aug 26 W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)

Person of interestLyndon B. Johnson

Aug 27 Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th US President (Democrat: 1963-69), born in Stonewall, Texas (d. 1973)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Aug 27 Kurt Wegner, German artist, born in Köln, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Aug 28 Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and writer (How to Know Birds), born in Jamestown, New York (d. 1996)
  • Aug 30 Leonor Fini, Argentine artist, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1996)
  • Aug 31 William Saroyan, American novelist and playwright (Time of Your Life), born in Fresno, California (d. 1981)
  • Sep 1 Jean Crepin, soldier/industrialist
  • Sep 3 Lev Pontryagin, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1988)
  • Sep 4 Richard Wright, American author (Native Son, Uncle Tom's Children), born in Roxie, Mississippi (d. 1960)
  • Sep 6 Anthony Wagner, Officer of Arms at the College of Arms in London (d. 1995)
  • Sep 7 Michael DeBakey, Lebanese-American cardiac surgeon and artificial heart pioneer, born in Lake Charles, Louisiana (d. 2008)
  • Sep 8 Geoffrey Hodges, bomb disposal expert (d. 1996)
  • Sep 9 Cesare Pavese, Italian writer (La belle estate)
  • Sep 10 Waldo Wedel, American Archaeologist (d. 1996)
  • Sep 11 Everhardus Jacobus van Romondt, Dutch Antillean minister, born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1960)
  • Sep 15 Gerd Gaiser, German writer (Ship in the Mountain)
  • Sep 16 Beecher Moore, British sailor, born in Rochester, New York (d. 1996)
  • Sep 18 Victor Ambartsumian, Russian astronomer (Stalin Prize 1946, 50), born in Tiflis, Russian Empire (d. 1996)
  • Sep 19 Mika Waltari, Finnish novelist (Egyptian), born in Helsinki, Finland (d. 1979)
  • Sep 19 Tatsuo Shimabuku, Japanese martial artist and founder of Isshinryu Karate, born in Gushikawa, Okinawa, Japan (d. 1975)
  • Sep 20 Alexander Mitscherlich, German psychotherapist, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Sep 27 Shiv Verma, Indian revolutionary soldier (d. 1997)
  • Sep 29 James Norman Dalrymple Anderson, lawyer
  • Sep 30 Edzard H Schaper, German Swiss sailor and UP correspondent and antifascist, born in Ostrowo
  • Oct 3 David Herbert, British writer and raconteur (d. 1995)
  • Oct 5 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), born in Texarcana, Texas (d. 1988)
  • Oct 6 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
  • Oct 9 Jim Folsom, American politician (Alabama-Gov, 1947-51, 1955-59), born in Coffee County, Alabama (d. 1987)
  • Oct 9 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, born in Doncaster, Yorkshire, England (d. 1961)
  • Oct 10 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • Oct 12 Ann Lane Petry, American journalist and author (Street), born in Old Saybrook, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Oct 12 Paul Engle, American poet and writer (Worm Earth, American Song), born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1991)
  • Oct 13 John Grant, British rear-admiral (Royal Navy) (d. 1996)
  • Oct 13 Werner Reinowski, German writer, born in Bernburg, Germany (d. 1987)

Person of interestJohn Kenneth Galbraith

Oct 15 John Kenneth Galbraith, Canadian economist (Affluent Society-58 Hillman Award), born in Iona Station, Ontario (d. 2006)

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith

Person of interestEnver Hoxha

Oct 16 Enver Hoxha, Albanian post-war communist leader and dictator of Albania (1944-85), born in Gjirokastër, Albania (d. 1985)

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • Oct 22 Helmut Gollwitzer, German theologist/antifascist
  • Oct 23 Ilya Mikhaylovich Frank, Russian Physicist and Nobel Laureate (Cherenkov radiation), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1990
  • Oct 24 John Alwyne Kitching, British zoologist (d. 1996)
  • Oct 24 John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geologist (contributions to plate tectonics), born in Ottawa, Ontario (d. 1993)
  • Oct 25 Edmond Pidoux, Swiss writer (L'histoire de Jonas), born in Belgium (d. 2004)
  • Oct 27 Lee Krasner, American abstract expressionist painter, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1984)
  • Nov 4 Pauline Trigère, French-American fashion designer (Bell Bottoms), born in Paris (d. 2002)
  • Nov 4 Joseph Rotblat, Polish Physicist, Nobel Peace Prize 1995, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2005)
  • Nov 6 Fanny Leys, Flemish author (Ontwijding)
  • Nov 8 Martha Gellhorn, American novelist and journalist who was one of the first female war correspondents, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1998)
  • Nov 10 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2000)
  • Nov 12 Hans Werner Richter, German author (Socially Responsible Cinema)
  • Nov 12 Harry A Blackmun, Ill, 100th Supreme Court justice (1970-94)

Person of interestAmon Göth

Nov 12 Amon Göth, Austrian SS commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)

SS Officer Amon Göth
SS Officer
Amon Göth
  • Nov 13 C. Vann Woodward, American historian and educator, born in Vanndale, Arkansas (d. 1999)
  • Nov 14 Harrison E Salisbury, journalist/author (50th Anniv of Soviet Union)
  • Nov 16 Sœur Emmanuelle, Belgian-French religious sister, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 2008)
  • Nov 18 Imogene Coca, American comedienne (Your Show of Shows, Grindl), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2001)
  • Nov 21 Elizabeth George Speare, American author (The Witch of Blackbird Pond), born in Melrose, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • Nov 22 Michael Balfour, English historian, born in Oxford (d. 1995)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History